Tamil meaning :to suffer, be distressed, be slain; to afflict; n. pain, affliction, killing
Tamil derivates :an_uŋku (an_uŋki-) to suffer pain, be in distress, fade, droop; an_ukku (an_ukki-) to distress, cause to suffer, ruin; an_ukkam suffering, distress, pain, weakness
Kannada meaning :to press into a narrower compass, subdue, control
Kannada derivates :aṇacu to depress, humble; aṇaka closeness, compactness, firmness, state of being in good repair; aṇakuve humbleness, modesty; aṇagu to hide, disappear, be humbled, crouch; aṇuŋku to depress, humble, abate, ruin, destroy; aṇuŋgu to be depressed, etc.
Tulu meaning :narrowness, closeness; narrow, small
Notes :The root is met in monosyllabic form as well as with *-a- in the second syllable; both variants are always accompanied with a derivative nasal velar suffix. The alternation between -ṇa- and -n_u- in Tamil is strange, since Kannada clearly points to PSDR *-ṇ-, yet no regular development *-ṇu- > -n_u- in Tamil is known. A possible explanation is that the original form *aṇ-ŋ- underwent partial assimilation (*an-ŋ-) only after which the epenthetic vowel -u- was added. On the other hand, this explanation is completely invalid if all of these forms are historically derived from *aṇai- 'to be extinguished, die' q.v..