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Modern (Beijing) reading: huāng
Preclassic Old Chinese: smāŋ
Classic Old Chinese: m̥āŋ
Western Han Chinese: m̥āŋ
Eastern Han Chinese: m̥āŋ
Early Postclassic Chinese: hwāŋ
Middle Postclassic Chinese: hwāŋ
Late Postclassic Chinese: hwāŋ
Middle Chinese: xwâŋ
English meaning : be waste, wasting
Russian meaning[s]: 1) пустырь, целина; невозделанный; 2) неурожай, голод; бесплодный; неурожайный; 3) запустить, забросить; запущенный; 4) пустой, безлюдный; дикий, отсталый; 5) неумеренно предаваться; погрязнуть в...; 6) обширный, большой; 7) далекий; окраина
Shuowen gloss: 蕪也.從草.ヂ聲.一曰草掩地也. [40]
Comments: Used also for homonymous *smāŋ 'be large, too large, excessive; be very old, senile' (probably derived from *māŋ 'great, extensive', see 芒, 茫). A colloquial loan from the same source is probably Viet. vắng 'deserted, solitary'.
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Dialectal data: Dialectal data
Radical: 140
Four-angle index: 7600
Karlgren code: 0742 |e ́
Vietnamese reading: hoaŋ
Shijing occurrences: 4.2_

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