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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *=ǟtwV
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to beat, to hit
Proto-Nakh: *ʔāt-
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *=itʷ-
Proto-Tsezian: *=etʷ- A
Proto-Lak: =u=ta-
Proto-Dargwa: *=it-
Proto-Lezghian: *ʔätʷa- / *ʔatʷa-
Proto-Khinalug: it-
Notes: Reconstructed for the PEC level. The root is preserved in most languages, but sometimes with a modified meaning (notably in Aand-Tsez.: 'to throw (oneself upon) > to fly'). Cf. also Urart. at- 'to destroy' (see Diakonoff-Starostin 1986, 24).

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