Change viewing parameters
Switch to Russian version
Select another database

North Caucasian etymology :

Search within this database
\data\cauc\caucet
Proto-North Caucasian: *q̇ĕɦlV ( ~ -ɫ-)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: bitter
Proto-Nakh: *q̇aħe-n
Proto-Tsezian: *-ɨ̃q̇V-
Proto-Dargwa: *q̇u-d-q̇u-
Proto-Lezghian: *q̇äl
Proto-Khinalug: q̇ä
Proto-West Caucasian: *q̇́Ia / *q̇́Iaq̇́IV
Notes: A widely spread common NC root. The semantic correlation "bitter":"sweet" is quite common (cf. the various meanings of *sal- and its derivates in Indo-European), thus the WC-EC comparison seems quite satisfactory. Note the frequent appearance of reduplication in this root (in PD, PL, PWC); we can probably reconstruct a reduplicated variant *q̇ĕq̇ĕɦlV already for PNC.

    In PTs the stem obtained prefixed class markers (*-Vq̇VlV) with further standard adjectival development > *-Vq̇lV > *-Vlq̇V > PTs *-ɨ̃q̇V (nasalisation is a normal reflex of medial resonants).

caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-nakh,caucet-cez,caucet-darg,caucet-lezg,caucet-khin,caucet-abad,caucet-comment,

List with all references
Search within this database
Select another database

Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
93790120886
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov