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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *Hĭƛ̣_īwV(-ɫV̄)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: root, seed; kin
Proto-Nakh: *ʔablV (~-ʎ-,-Ł-)
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *hiƛ̣:ib (/-m)
Proto-Tsezian: *ƛib(u) A
Proto-Lezghian: *ƛ̣:iw(a)
Proto-West Caucasian: *ƛ:́ʷǝlA
Notes: Cf. also HU: Urart. zil(i)b- 'seed; descendants, kin' (see Diakonoff-Starostin 1986, 48).

    An interesting common NC root. An original polysemy ("root, seed" : "kin, clan") can be reconstructed, because both meanings keep recurring in different subbranches (Nakh, Avar, WC, HU). The meaning 'leaf' in PC is obviously secondary - although phonetically PC *ƛib(u) goes back directly to *Hĭƛ̣_īwV, semantically it has merged with PNC *ƛ̣ăpi 'leaf' q.v.


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