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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *bAd-rak / *bAd-ruk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: banner, flag
Russian meaning: знамя, флаг
Old Turkic: badruq (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: batraq (MK: 'a lance with piece of silk at its head')
Turkish: bajrak
Tatar: bajraq
Middle Turkic: bajraq (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: bajrɔq, (dial.) bajdaq
Uighur: bajraq, vajraq, (dial.) bajaq
Azerbaidzhan: bajraG
Turkmen: bajdaq
Kazakh: (dial.) bajraq
Noghai: bajraq
Bashkir: bajraq
Balkar: bajraq
Gagauz: bajraq
Karaim: bajraq
Karakalpak: bajraq
Kumyk: bajraq
Comments: EDT 307, VEWT 55, TMN 2, 385-387, ЭСТЯ 33-34, 36, Лексика 565. Turk. (Chag.) > Pers., Arab. Clauson's hypothesis about borrowing from Sanskr. is unfounded because Sanskrit lacks anything similar.

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