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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *apaka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 Alnus fruticosa; Labrador tea 2 a k. of fern
Russian meaning: 1 вид ольхи; багульник 2 вид папоротника
Karakhanid: apa bašɨ 'Cannabis sativa, it is a plant which grows like Cucumis sativus and has a thorny stern, it is eaten in the mountains' (MK Qypch.)
Tatar: abaɣa 2
Chuvash: uba-zarri 2
Yakut: abaɣa 1
Bashkir: abaɣa 2
Comments: VEWT 1, Попов 1986, 92. OT and Chuv. reflect a folk etymology (confusion with apa 'bear').

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