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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *sAŕak / *sArk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to become numb 2 hoar-frost 3 cold wind
Russian meaning: 1 неметь, цепенеть 2 иней 3 холодный ветер
Karakhanid: sarq- 1, sarqɨm 2 (MK)
Turkish: (dial.) sazaq, sazaɣan 3
Middle Turkic: (Xwar., MKypch.) sarq- 1 (Qutb, AH)
Azerbaidzhan: sazaG 3
Khakassian: sarnax 3 (Kach.)
Tuva: sarɣɨ- 'to nag, feel pain'
Kazakh: sazar- 1
Noghai: sazar- 'to be bored'
Comments: EDT 848, 849. Лексика 42, 43. Despite EDT 847, the basic meaning is not "weak downward movement with no force behind it": in fact we have here a confusion of several originally different roots (see *sark- 'overflow, drip'; *sal- 'put down, lower', with the derivative *salk- which has influenced the meaning of *sark- in some languages).

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