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Turkic etymology :

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\data\alt\turcet
Proto-Turkic: *er-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be (aux.)
Russian meaning: быть (вспом.)
Old Turkic: er- (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: er- (MK, KB)
Turkish: i-
Tatar: i- (i-ken (perf.) 'it appears', i-meš (evident.) '...says that it is')
Middle Turkic: er- (Abush.)
Uzbek: e-, er-ür (fut.)
Uighur: e-
Sary-Yughur: er-
Azerbaidzhan: i-
Turkmen: er-
Khakassian: i-
Shor: e-
Oyrat: e-
Halaj: är- (D. GCh 182)
Yakut: e-/er-
Dolgan: e-/er-
Tuva: e-/ir-
Kirghiz: e-
Kazakh: e-
Noghai: e-
Bashkir: i-
Balkar: e-
Gagauz: i-/ir-
Karaim: e-
Karakalpak: e-
Salar: ir- (Kakuk 182)
Kumyk: e-
Comments: EDT 193-194, VEWT 46, ЭСТЯ 1, 218-220, Stachowski 42, 46. The verb frequently occurs as e-, without the final -r- (see ibid.).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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