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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *ăl-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to become weak 2 bad 3 to be vile (of a man), to turn septic (of a wound) 4 weak, inferior 5 upset 6 old, worn-out 7 crazy 8 lazy man 9 to hurry 10 fool 11 to go mad 12 to deceive 13 perplexed 14 dumb, foolish 15 doubt, surprise 16 error 17 be in doubt, perplexed 18 absent-minded, unattentive 19 weakness
Russian meaning: 1 слабеть 2 дурной 3 быть подлым (о человеке), воспаляться (о ране) 4 слабый, худший 5 расстроенный 6 старый, изношенный 7 безумный, ошалелый 8 лентяй 9 торопиться 10 дурак 11 сходить с ума 12 обманывать 13 растерянный 14 глупый, простоватый 15 сомнение, удивление 16 ошибка 17 сомневаться, сбиваться, путаться 18 рассеянный, невнимательный 19 чахлость, немощь
Old Turkic: alaŋ-a-d- 1 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: alɨɣ 2 (MK), alɨq- 3 (MK, KB)
Turkish: alɨk, (Osm.) alu 4, alaz, alɨz 4 (dial.), alkɨn 5 (dial.)
Tatar: ala-ma 2, 6
Middle Turkic: aluq 7 (Abush. 27)
Uighur: alaq, alaŋ 7
Sary-Yughur: alɣač 8 (ЯЖУ 14)
Turkmen: al-ŋ-a-sa- 9
Khakassian: alɨɣ 10, alas 5, al-ɨn-, al-ax- 11, (caus.) 12
Shor: al-aq-tɨr- (caus. from *al-aq-) 12, al-aq-qan 13, alɨɣ 10, al-ɨn- 11
Oyrat: alā (< alaɣ) 14, alu (< alɨɣ) 10, alaŋ 15, alɣas 5, al-ɨn- 11
Yakut: alɣas 16
Tuva: alāq- 17, alaŋ 15
Kirghiz: alaŋ, alaɣ-dɨ 18
Kazakh: alaŋ 18
Noghai: ala-ŋ-ɣa-s-ar 18
Bashkir: alama 2, 6, al-jawu 11
Balkar: alɨn- 11
Gagauz: alɨq 7, 10
Karaim: alas 19
Karakalpak: alaŋ 18
Comments: VEWT 16-17, TMN 2, 116, EDT 129, 138, 149, ЭСТЯ 1, 132, 145-146, Clark 1977, 128. See also Oghuz *al-čak sub *ăl 'below'. Tends to contaminate with *āl 'red' and *āla 'variegated', cf. Uygh. al-gädän 'naïve' ('red nape'), Turkm. āla-samsɨk 'foolish' ('variegated fool'), Bashk. al-jot 'fool' ('red fellow'). KW 7. Turk. *algaz > MMong. alɣasa- 'faul, nachlassig sein' (SH), then Mong. > Kirgh., KBalk., Kum. alɣasa(r)-, Nogh. alas-la-r- 'to become embarrassed', (Karaim) 'to be scared' etc. Despite Sevortyan, Tokharian A ālās 'iners, ignavus' (Poucha 27), B alās- 'be sick' (Sieg-Siegling 91) not < Turk., but < Sanskr. alasa.
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