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Turkic etymology :

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\data\alt\turcet
Proto-Turkic: *sal-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to put, throw 2 to drop, lower 3 tax 4 heavy
Russian meaning: 1 класть, кидать 2 опускать 3 налог 4 тяжелый
Old Turkic: sal- 1 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: sal- 1,2 (MK, KB)
Turkish: sal- 1, salgɨn 3
Tatar: sal- 1, sal-ɨm 3
Middle Turkic: sal- 1 (Pav. C., Abush.)
Uzbek: sɔl- 1
Uighur: sa(l)- 1
Sary-Yughur: sal- 1, salɨɣ 4
Azerbaidzhan: sal- 2
Turkmen: sal- 1
Khakassian: sal- 1, salɨm 4
Shor: sal- 1
Oyrat: sal- 1
Halaj: sal- 1
Chuvash: sol- 1, solъm 'heaviness'
Tuva: sal- 1
Tofalar: sal- 1
Kirghiz: sal- 1
Kazakh: sal- 1
Noghai: sal- 1
Bashkir: hal- 1
Balkar: sal- 1
Gagauz: sal- 1
Karaim: sal- 1
Karakalpak: sal- 1
Salar: sal- 1
Kumyk: sal- 1
Comments: VEWT 397, EDT 824, Федотов 2, 57, ЭСТЯ 7. Several derivatives with a velar suffix are used in Turk. for denoting downward motion or hanging: cf. OT salɨɣ 'taxes', Kirgh. salɨq 'taxes; hanging down, limp'; SUygh. salɨɣ 'heavy'; Tur. salkɨ 'weak, lax', Kirgh. salqɨ, Uzb. sɔlqi- 'be loose, hang down' (see TMN 3, 265-266, ЭСТЯ 7).
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