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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xakta-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to castrate (a deer) 2 castrated deer
Russian meaning: 1 кастрировать (оленя) 2 кастрированный олень
Evenki: akta- 1, aktakī 2
Even: āt- 1, ata 2
Negidal: aktawčā 2
Orok: χaqta 2
Nanai: χaqta- 1, χaqtaqto 2
Solon: attamal 'testiculi'
Comments: ТМС 1, 26. Initial x- in Southern TM proves firmly (despite Doerfer MT 17) that the root is not borrowed < Mong. aɣta 'castrated horse' (although some forms - namely, Sol. akta, Nan., Man. aqta morin 'castrated horse' - certainly are, and should be kept apart from the reflexes of PTM *xakta-).

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