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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *arpa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: barley; oats
Russian meaning: ячмень; овес
Literary Manchu: arfa
Comments: ТМС 1, 52. Despite its isolated nature, the Manchu word is certainly archaic and can hardly be explained as a borrowing < Mong. arbai, despite Rozycki 20.

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