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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *arbaj
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: barley
Russian meaning: ячмень
Written Mongolian: arbai (L 49)
Middle Mongolian: arbǝi (HY 8), arbăi, ārbăi (MA 104, 253)
Khalkha: arvaj
Buriat: arbaj
Kalmuck: arwǟ, arwā
Ordos: arwǟ
Dongxian: apa
Monguor: šbǝ̄ 'spelt' (SM 370)
Mogol: arfɛi, arfā (Ramstedt 1906)
Comments: KW 15, TMN 2, 24. Mongor may reflect a trace of the originally unvoiced stop in the intervocalic cluster. Mong. > Tuva arvaj.

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