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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *nà-, *-(a)n-, *ìná
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 not (verbal negation) 2 lacking, non-existent 3 not, negation 4 to negate, dismiss
Russian meaning: 1 не (глагольное отрицание) 2 нет, отсутствующий, несуществующий 3 не, несогласие 4 отрицать, не допускать
Old Japanese: -(a)n- 1, na- 2, ina 3, ina-b- 4
Middle Japanese: -(a)n- 1, na- 2, ìná 3, ìnà-b- 4
Tokyo: ná- 2, -na- 1, ína 3, inam- 4
Kyoto: nà-
Kagoshima: nà-
Nase: -N,né-
Shuri: -N,nḗ-
Hateruma: nḕ-
Yonakuni: -núN
Comments: JLTT 424, 697, 835. *-(a)n- is a verbal negation, probably reflecting the original first vowel of the root *an- (preserved because of the loss of final -i in an auxiliary verbal morpheme). *ìná is a regular reflex of *ā̀ni, while the adjective *nà- 'lacking, non-existent' reveals a secondary loss of initial vowel.

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