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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *k`i̯ójŋo
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: cold
Russian meaning: холодный
Turkic: *Kujaŋ
Mongolian: *köji-ten
Tungus-Manchu: *xiŋǖ-
Korean: *kjǝ̀ńɨ́r
Japanese: *kǝju-
Comments: АПиПЯЯ 53-54, 290; Ozawa 82-84. The cluster *-jŋ- explains the somewhat irregular behaviour of -ŋ-. The meaning 'rheumatism' in Turkic is a usual development < *'cold'.

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