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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *k`i̯ā́rà
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: elbow, shoulder bone, cubit
Russian meaning: локоть, плечевая кость
Turkic: *K(i)arɨĺ
Mongolian: *kari
Tungus-Manchu: *(x)iarū-n
Japanese: *kárà
Comments: In Turkic the root is rather hard to distinguish from *Karɨ < *gàrá 'arm', but the distinction still seems to be necessary. In *K(i)arɨĺ the expected long vowel (reconstructed because of *-ia- in TM after a fricative and high tone in Jpn.) was shortened probably under the influence of *Karɨ.

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