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Altaic etymology :

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\data\alt\altet
Proto-Altaic: *k`ĕsa ( ~ -o)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: spool, spool string
Russian meaning: катушка, моток, нить из катушки
Turkic: *K(i)as-
Tungus-Manchu: *xesi-
Japanese: *kasai
Comments: Martin (JLTT 441) unites Jpn. kase 'spool' and kase 'fetters, shackles'; the two words, however, are clearly opposed in OJ and seem to have quite different Altaic origin (on *kàsi 'fetters' see under PA *k`ìĺa). PJ *kasai 'spool' surely cannot be separated from PT *K(i)as- 'hoop, hoop brace'; the attribution of PTM *xesi- is less secure: it can belong here if we suppose a semantic development 'spool' > 'spool string' > 'string in net'.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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