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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *kùp`ŕó ( ~ k`-)
Meaning: a musical instrument
Russian meaning: музыкальный инструмент
Turkic: *Kopuŕ
Mongolian: *kuɣur
Japanese: *kǝ̀tǝ́
Comments: Владимирцов 211, Poppe 18, 48, 82. The root cannot be united with *kúma for phonetical reasons, although in modern languages their reflexes tend to merge. Despite Doerfer's doubts (TMN 1, 445: "Urverwandtschaft ist sehr unwahrscheinlich"), it is probably archaic; loan from Turk. into Mong. (TMN ibid., Щербак 1997, 139) is quite improbable. Jpn. has -t- (instead of the expected -r-) probably because of a special cluster development.

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