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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *kŏše
Meaning: edge, protrusion
Russian meaning: край, выступ
Turkic: *Kösri
Mongolian: *kosiɣu
Tungus-Manchu: *koša
Korean: *kìsɨ́rk
Japanese: *kùisì ( ~ -ǝ̀i-)
Comments: SKE 113-114, EAS 102. The Kor.-Jpn. forms are not quite regular: in Kor. one would rather expect *kɨ́sìrk (so probably we are dealing with a metathesis); the diphthong -ui- in Japanese (as in the few other similar cases) has a not quite clear origin. It may well be that the Jpn. form is related to *kui 'fortress' < *'border', see *ki̯udu - although the suffixation is peculiar.

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