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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ki̯ap`a
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: turtle, crayfish
Russian meaning: черепаха, рак
Mongolian: *kab-
Tungus-Manchu: *kiakp- / *kiapk-
Korean: *kǝ̀púp
Japanese: *kap- / *kam-
Comments: Martin 244 (Kor.-Jpn.). PJ *kama- presupposes a nasal suffix (*ki̯ap`a-nV). A very similar fish name is found in TM (Oroch kiampai 'чилимс', Nan. qǟfu 'гольян (озерный)', see ТМС 1, 397); cf. also a quite isolated Turkm. kepir 'carp' (if not from Pers. kopur, see ЭСТЯ 5, 47). Whether these forms reflect the same root is yet to be determined.

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