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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *kắdaŋV ( ~ k`-)
Meaning: a k. of foliage tree
Russian meaning: вид лиственного дерева
Turkic: *Kadɨŋ
Mongolian: *kaduŋ
Japanese: *kání-pà
Comments: KW 159, TMN 3, 184(: "unklar" ). In Jpn. we probably have a compound with *pa 'leaf'; *kání < *kadV-N with regular nasal assimilation. The old form *kadiNpa is reflected in the Ainu loanword karinpa 'birch tree or cherry tree'.

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