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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *gằŕ[à]
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: sharp edge
Russian meaning: острый край, конец
Turkic: *geŕ
Tungus-Manchu: *gara
Korean: *kárh
Japanese: *kàtànà
Comments: Martin 251 (Kor.-Jpn.), Lee 1958, 111 (Kor.-TM). Fronting in Turk. is unclear (*Kaŕ would be normally expected). The Kor. word may also reflect *kằle q. v. (Joki 1963, 154); in any case, it actually reflects a suffixed form *gàŕ[a]-KV (cf. Man. GarGa) or *kale-kV.

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