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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *č`i̯aga
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: cold, frozen snow
Russian meaning: холод, наст
Mongolian: *ča(g)-su
Tungus-Manchu: *čiaga
Korean: *čhằ-
Comments: Kor. čhiw- 'cold' is a secondary derivation from čhằ-. Mong. ča-sun may actually reflect a contamination with *čar-sun, cf. *čar 'crust (of snow), наст' (see *č`era); Southern Mongolian languages seem, however, to preserve traces of a velar *čag-su.

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