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Yenisseian etymology :

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Total of 1059 records 53 pages

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\data\yenisey\yenet
Proto-Yenisseian: *ʔa
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to become
Ket: -a (Werner 1, 11)
Yug: -e- (Werner 1, 11)
Kottish: d́-äja-ŋ 'I become', d́-ä-u 'you become' etc.
Comments: Werner 1, 11 (without reconstruction).
Proto-Yenisseian: *ʔa- (~x-)
Meaning: a k. of water-worm (вьюн)
Ket: ateŋ6 (Kur.), Bak. atij6, South. atiɣ6; pl. aten5, ati:n
Comments: A compound with *c[ī]k. Werner 1, 77 (without reconstruction).
Proto-Yenisseian: *ʔa (~x-)
Meaning: to eat
Ket: dīvǝ1 (Kur.) , Bak., Sur. dībǝ1, South. dīṕ/ dīf́ ( < dīv́) "I eat"; Kur. dūvǝ1, Bak., Sur. dūbǝ1, South. dūṕ / dūf́ "he eats"; (Werner 1, 194) dia-d-ɔ 'ich esse ihn", di:-d-ɔ 'ich esse sie'; cf. also a 'sich verschlucken' (Werner 1, 11)
Yug: dīp "I eat", dūp "he eats"; cf. also ɔ 'sich verschlucken' (Werner 1, 224)
Comments: Werner 1, 359 *a: the root is discernible in the Ket and Yug forms, and Werner must be right in separating it from Kott. ōpaŋ 'to drink'. The reconstruction *ʔVbV in КС... should therefore be abolished. Cf. *ʔop.
Proto-Yenisseian: *ʔaʔaj (~x-,-G-,-χ-)
Meaning: to gather (berries, mushrooms)
Ket: d-aj-uɣavet 'ich sammle es' (North., Werner 1, 90)
Yug: a:j3
Comments: Werner 1, 90 (without reconstruction).
Proto-Yenisseian: *ʔaʔak ( ~ x-, -G-, -χ-)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: hare
Ket: a:k3, pl. aɣɨn 'Moschustier' (Werner 1, 90)
Yug: ak (Кастр.)
Comments: ССЕ 180. Werner 1, 90 (without reconstruction)
Proto-Yenisseian: *ʔaʔd (~x-)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: bone
Ket: aʔt, pl. aŕeŋ5 (Bak., Sur. adeŋ5)
Yug: aʔt, pl. adɨŋ5
Kottish: araŋan, *araŋ 'limb, joint'; ar-ša, *aran-šān "knee"
Comments: ССЕ 178. Cf. also the derivatives: Ket adɨŋu5, Kur., South. ariŋu5 / aruŋu5 'strong', Yug adɨŋoj5 id. ("bony"). Werner 1, 86 <*aʔt>.
Proto-Yenisseian: *ʔa(ʔ)k- (~x-,-x-)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: shore, towards the shore
Ket: aɣǝ6
Yug: agéj
Comments: ССЕ 179. Werner 1, 83.
Proto-Yenisseian: *ʔaʔl
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: half
Ket: aĺ / aʔĺ 'half' (adj.); daĺa5 "half" (n.)
Yug: al / aʔl 'half' (adj.); dalla5 /dala5 "half"
Kottish: āl-īx, *āl-īg "midday, noon"
Comments: ССЕ 178-179. Note the derivative with prefixed *d- (= ПСК *r-ĕƛ̣_Ĕ). Werner 1, 24 *al (disregarding his own transcription aʔĺ, aʔl in Werner 1977).
Proto-Yenisseian: *ʔa(ʔ)t-
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: door, part of the house before the door
Ket: attɔ5,6 , pl. attɔ́n ( < attɔ:n3) 'part of the house before the door'
Yug: atnto5, pl. atnton5 'part of the house before the door'
Kottish: athol, *athōl, pl. athōlaŋ, (Бол.) atol 'door'; Ass. átōl (М., Сл., Кл., Ф.), atūl (Кл.), atol (Срсл.) id.; Koib. atōl (Ф.) id.
Arin: éjt́ōl (М., Кл., Сл.1, Ф.), ejtol (Срсл.), éjtōl (Сл.2), ejt́ol (Ф.), itel (Лоск.) 'door'
Comments: ССЕ 179. Already in PY we have a compound of *ʔat- with a not quite clear second component (*-to or *-tol ~ *tor1: cf. perhaps Ket. tōĺ "wattle fence"?). Similarity with Hung. ajtó 'door' (Хелимский КС 248), is probably coincidental (or represents an old "Hunnic" loanword in Hungarian). Werner 1, 80.
Proto-Yenisseian: *ʔabVL ( ~ x-, h-)
Meaning: stick
Ket: ábɨĺ / ābɨĺ1 'Stock' (Werner 1, 14)
Yug: ābɨl (Werner 1, 94) id.
Comments: Werner 1, 14, 94 (without reconstruction).
Proto-Yenisseian: *ʔabVs ( ~ x-)
Meaning: bifurcation (Spreize, Klemme)
Ket: ábeś / áveś (Werner 1, 13)
Yug: ábɨs (ibid.)
Comments: Werner 1, 13 (without reconstruction).
Proto-Yenisseian: *ʔač-
Meaning: to pour
Ket: átij
Yug: atčej / ačej
Comments: Werner 1, 76-77 (w.r.).
Proto-Yenisseian: *ʔači- ( ~ x-)
Meaning: tree root
Ket: átíś, pl. átintǝŋ
Kottish: ačigan
Comments: Werner 1, 14, 77 (without comparison and reconstruction)
Proto-Yenisseian: *ʔaG (~x-)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: tooth (molar)
Ket: ā // aʔ ; North. aɣ-itǝŋ5 'molars'
Yug: ā // ār
Comments: ССЕ 179. Werner 1, 85 <*aʎ>; although Yug. -r in ār is unclear, the lateral or trill is definitely not reconstructable because of the attested form ā; it is also impossible to treat -ɣ- as an "Interfix".
Proto-Yenisseian: *ʔaj- ( ~ *x-)
Meaning: to damn; to become angry; to be evil, bad
Ket: ájaŋ / ájeŋ 'to damn'; ájet 'to become angry'; áj-t-a 'to be bad, evil'
Yug: ájeŋ 'to damn'
Comments: Werner 1, 19, 20, 21 (without reconstruction).
Proto-Yenisseian: *ʔaj ( ~ x-)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: interrogative particle
Ket: aj 'why; what; how' (Castr. ʌj 'what')
Yug: aj 'why'
Comments: Werner 1, 18 (without reconstruction). One is also tempted to compare Ket ɛʔk / ɛk, Yug ɛk 'how, as; so as' (Werner 1, 228, 256) with a possible protoform *eʔx; the forms Ket, Yug aj in that case can be (with Ablaut) traced back to *ʔa(ʔ)x-i.
Proto-Yenisseian: *ʔaj- (~x-)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to jump; to play; coire
Ket: ajgɔŋ5 'to jump'; aja6 'coire'
Yug: ajgufɨŋ5 'to jump'; aja6 / ajga6 'coire'
Kottish: ajaŋ, pl. -an 'play, to play'
Comments: ССЕ 179. The component *aj- meaning 'to jump, roll over' can also be recovered in several composita: Yug. ajāxn3 'перекат на реке' ("jumping tree"); Kur. ajɣan6, Bak., Sur. aj-gan6 / aj-gɔ:n3, Yug. aj-gɔn3 'песец' ("jumping fox"; see also under *kǝqVn). Unclear is the relationship of Ket., Yug. aj-tej5 'bad'. Werner 1, 19 *ajǝ / *ajgǝ 'coire' (with doubts as to the relationship of words meaning 'jump' and 'play').
Proto-Yenisseian: *ʔaj[a]k (~x-,-g)
Meaning: thunder
Ket: ēkŋ1 / ɛkkiń5 / ɛkŋ5 (South.); Bak. qɔg ēk "lightning" (qɔʔk "one"); Kur. ēkna1 bōk "lightning" (bōk = bɔʔk 'fire'?)
Yug: ekŋ1
Kottish: ajak, pl. ajakan; асс. aják (М., Сл., Срсл., Кл.)
Comments: ССЕ 179. Werner 19, 272 <*aq> (with a completely unjustified uvular).
Proto-Yenisseian: *ʔaK- (~x-)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: thigh, behind (podex)
Ket: agdiś5 , pl. agdiśn5
Comments: ССЕ 179. Werner 1, 17 suggests a connection with Ket. áɣitka, Yug. ágɨt' 'behind' - which would favour a reconstruction with velar *-k- or *-x-.
Proto-Yenisseian: *ʔaK- (~x-)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: mouth cavity
Ket: agdi5; (Werner 1, 22) ákŋiĺ īteŋ 'hintere Zähne'
Comments: ССЕ 179-180. Werner 1, 17 (supposes a compound with *ǯiʔ 'stem').
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