Meaning:portrays the verbal situation as something done with a design, to do with a special purpose, to mind that one does something, to especially go or come to a place in order to V, to go or come for the sake of V-ing
Comments:i:ʔ.a:.n.n.ä. (teach.PURP.NP.1о2.FCT) I'll go and show it to you. mijuliŋseʔ.os.u.ji. (flame kill.PURP.о3.3NS) They [ritually] extinguished the fire. hiŋ.ʔo:.tt.w.en.de? (feed.PURP.PF.о3.FCT.ISF) Have you been to give him food?
Nepali:~ [absolutive particle] + rākhnu
Stem:<-ʔab- ; -ʔap->
Meaning:a) expresses that the verbal situation involves an approaching motion across a horizontal plane b) to come through time doing something, to have been doing something for a certain period.
Comments:a) te:.ʔap.mim.m.e. (turn.come.NP.3PL.FCT) They'll come back. cf. lemma,ʔuŋma,käʔma,cama.
Stem:<-ʔapt- ; -ʔap->
Meaning:a) expresses that the transitive verbal situation involves an approaching movement or transportation across a horizontal plane b) expresses that the transitive verbal situation took place for a protracted period of time in the past.
Comments:a) la:.ʔapt.e! (take.bring.IMP) Hand it here! khi:.ʔap.mitt.u. (carry.bring.PF.о3) He brought it, carrying it on his back.
Stem:<-ʔänd-/-ʔäss- ; -ʔän->
Grammar:v.intr.aux. & v.tr.aux.
Meaning:1) expresses that the transitive verbal situation involves a downward motion, or a putting or sending down 2) (in conjunction with the transitive process-oriented auxiliary verb -khäʔma 'to take along') to start doing something unfitting or unbecoming 3) converts an imperative like co:se 'eat it' into a polite and gentle imperative
Comments:1) tha:ppuwawe:.ʔäŋ.ʔa:.t.c.u. (fishing_line throw.apply.PURP.PF.DU.о3) They had cast out (and applied) the fishing lines. k.äʔu:.ʔäŋ.ʔas.u.ŋ.ha. (I.ERG dry). I went to lay them down to dry. siʔ.äss.e. (step.put_down.IMP) Step down on it. tiŋ.ʔänd.u.ŋ.goteräktoʔka:.beʔ.yute:.ʔab.a. (drive.put_down.о3.EXAG.TH swerving_around I.LOC.HRZ turn.come.PT) I drove [the ox] down but it swung around and headed straight for me. 2) ca:.ʔäŋ.ghä:.tt.u.ŋ.ä (eat.put_down.PROC.PF.о3.EXAG.FCT) I started eating, though I shouldn't have. 3) co:ʔässe. Please have this.
Meaning:day, as when referring to a certain day
Comments:moʔidäʔ that day; bhotämmaʔidäʔ the day of casting votes.
Stem:<-ʔog-/-ʔoks- ; -ʔok->
Grammar:v.intr.aux. & v.tr.aux.
Meaning:1a) to open, to make room; b) to release, to undo 2a) to start doing something new or unprecedented; b) (in conjunction with one of the process-oriented auxiliary verbs -khäʔma 'to go', 'to take along') to start doing something insolent or offensive.
Comments:1a) to:ʔokma to dig open; b) heŋ.ʔoks.en.di! (open.open.IMP.EXH) Open up!
Comments:kaŋʔu my elder brother.
Stem:<-ʔug-/-ʔuks- ; -ʔuk->
Meaning:expresses that the situation denoted by the main verb involves a coming down
Comments:kasem.sosemlu.ʔug.iŋ. (I sing.too sing.come_down.EXPS) I came down a-singing.
Stem:<-ʔukt- ; -ʔuk->
Meaning:expresses that the situation denoted by the main verb involves an approaching downward movement or transportation
Comments:kuco.sola:.ʔukt.e. (kūco.too take.bring_down.IMP) Bring down the broom as well. hey.y.okt.u.ŋmittu.ra,yäʔloyäʔlopim.bi.ʔug.apaŋgriya.äŋ.beʔ. (untie.UFM.bring_down.о3.EXAG up_there.MED before before run.RES.come_down.PT spotted.behind.LOC) I untied him and brought him down from up there and he went running down ahead [of me] behind the spotted ox.
Meaning:a species of insect which multiplies itself in dung.