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Nostratic etymology :

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\data\nostr\nostret
Eurasiatic: *ḳV[sw]V
Meaning: to scrape
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *kes-
Altaic: *k`i̯òše
Uralic: *kiśkV (also keśV) 'to tear'; *keskV (*keksV) 'to whet'
Kartvelian: Laz. q̇az- 'trim, plane wood'
Dravidian: *kic-
Comments: Expected *ś in Kartv.
References: (МССНЯ 372), ОСНЯ 1, 343; ND 950 *k[ä]s̄V(RV) 'scales, crust' (Alt. + very dubious Kartv. and Sem.); 956 *kiŝʔV 'tear, pinch, pluck' (Mong. + Ur. + Drav.).; 1003 *ḳa[ĉ]U 'scratch, scrape off'; 1211 *ḲEŝU ~ *Ḳ[ü]ŝV 'to skin, tear' (Ur. + Alt. + Arab., sparse Berb.); 1951 *q̇EZu 'to shape an object by chopping, beating etc.' (Laz + Ur. *keskV + Arab. + very dub. IE).
Eurasiatic: *ḳVs(w)V
Meaning: to kindle, dry
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *ksē-
Uralic: *kuśka (*kośka)
Kartvelian: *ḳwes-
Dravidian: *kos-
References: ND 1209 *ḳoś(')V 'to kindle'.
Eurasiatic: *ḳVtV
Meaning: fall
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *k'ad-
Dravidian: *keḍ-
References: МССНЯ 353, ОСНЯ 1, 349; ND 1221 *ḲeytV 'to fall'.
Eurasiatic: *ḳVtV
Meaning: to tear, split
Indo-European: *(s)ked-
Altaic: *k`et[o]
Dravidian: *k̂eḍ-
Comments: Cf. also PIE *kad- `to injure, harm', *kaid- `to beat, hew', *kat- / *k'at- 'battle'; PK *kʷed- 'sharpen' (ND 1015); PA *k`àd[ú] 'be worn out, destroyed', *kā́jta 'to stick into'; PK *ḳod- 'delve' (? ND 1009 + Sem.), PD *koṭṭ- / *kuṭṭ- id. (Bomhard 1996, 228-230); *k̂aṬ- 'bite'; *kutt- 'pierce'; SDr *kāt- 'kill, fight' (ND 1224 *ḳ[a]ṭV 'to kill, wage a war' + SH). Obviously several roots (cf. *kUŋ[d]V, *ḳUdV).
Eurasiatic: *ḳVtV
Meaning: to overcome
Indo-European: *k'ad-
Altaic: *k`ĕ̀ta
Comments: Cf. *kVdV.
Eurasiatic: *ḳVtV
Meaning: to be angry
Indo-European: *k'ād-
Dravidian: SDr *kat- 'to be angry'
References: ND 1012 *ḲaHdV 'grief, sorrow' (+ incorr. Turk. + Berb.).
Eurasiatic: *ḳVṭV
Meaning: small, young
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *kat-
Altaic: ?WMo qotul(i) 'two-year-old marmot, young deer'
Kartvelian: *ḳuṭ-
Dravidian: *guḍ-
References: ND 1227 *ḳUṭV 'small' (w/o Drav.).
Eurasiatic: *ḳVwjV
Meaning: lie
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *kʷei-, *kʷi̯ē- (or *k'ei- 1498)
Altaic: *kejbe
Uralic: *kujV
Dravidian: *kē-
Eskimo-Aleut: *qava-ʁ-
References: МССНЯ 355, ОСНЯ 1, 357. ND 1240 *ḲuyhV 'to rest, repose, be comfortable' (IE + Ur. + Arab.); 1948 *q̇ewyV 'to stay, lie, rest motionless' (but Kartv. hardly belongs here).
Eurasiatic: *ḳVwKV
Meaning: vessel
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *kauk'-
Uralic: *kawka
Eurasiatic: *ḳVwlV
Meaning: leg, limb
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *kaw(ǝ)l- (cf. also *kel- / *kol-)
Altaic: *k`ŏjli
Kartvelian: *qel- (or rather *q̇wil- 'bone' 902)
Dravidian: *kāl-
Comments: (2 roots)
References: Dybo 1989, 1996 (w/o Drav.); ND 1914 *q̇awlV ~ *q̇awElV 'leg, bone of a limb' (+ ??SH).
Eurasiatic: *ḳVwV
Meaning: to shout, sound
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *kewǝ-
Altaic: *k`i̯ube
Kartvelian: *q̇iw-
Dravidian: *kav- (*k̂-) (+ *kū- 'call' 708)
References: Cf. ND 967 *kawV 'to call, shout' (Drav. + IE *gow 'shout' 1715); ND 1947 *q̇uwi[ʕ]V 'to shout, cry' (Kartv. + Drav. *kū-).
Eurasiatic: *ḳVwVŋV
Meaning: armpit
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *k`òbàni
Uralic: *konV (*kana) + *kaŋla
Dravidian: *kavŋ-
References: МССНЯ 370, ОСНЯ 1, 344-345; ND 1104 *ḲawingV 'shoulder joint, armpit'.
Eurasiatic: *ḳVwχV
Meaning: to beat, hit
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *kowǝ-
Uralic: *kajV ?
Kartvelian: *ḳwex-
References: ND 1232 *ḳaχü ~ *ḳaχyU 'to strike / push' ( + incorr. Mong. and some Cush., Omot.).
Eurasiatic: *ḳV[ǯ]V
Meaning: to tear, rip
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *k`ĕǯa ( ~ -o)
Uralic: *kečV (cf. also *kačka , *kačka)
Kartvelian: ? Georg. ḳac̣r-, ḳac̣wr- 'to scratch'
Dravidian: *kac-
Comments: Expected *-ǯ- in Kartv.
References: ND 849 *kEč̣[U] ~ *k[ü]č̣[U] 'knife' (Ural. + incorr. TM + some Chad. and Bj. + Georg. kič̣o < NC). Cf. *ḳVCV. ?Cf. also Kartv. *ḳwec-, *q̇wec- 'to cut' (in ND 992 *ḳUćV ~ *q̇- 'to shorten by cutting', as well as 998 *ḳUc̣V 'to cut/chop into small pieces' - but in fact with no comparanda).
Eurasiatic: *ḳwVncwV
Meaning: scrape, scraper
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *gh(w)azdh- (+361 + *gvozdь)
Altaic: *k`i̯ùčù
Uralic: *kinče (*künče) (~ ? *kiče (*küče))
Kartvelian: *ḳwenćx- 621
Dravidian: *kaǯ-
References: ND 907 *küńč̣E ~ -č- '(finger)nail, claw' (w/o Kartv. and Drav. + very questionnable SH); partially - 1003 *ḳa[ĉ]U 'to scratch, scrape off scales'. A terrible confusion of *ḳwVncV, *ḳVšV, *ḳVǯV and *ḳVcV... Also cf. ND 1090 *ḳUn̄č̣V 'to scratch, wound' (quite dub. IE + Arab. knδ̣- 'grieve' - but also Georg. ḳeč̣n- 'streifen, ritzen' and Ur. *končV ~ *kočV 'Striche ziehen, zeichnen' (348)). Cf. Austric: PAN *kuSkus 'scrape', PAA *kɔ:c 'sharpen, scratch'.
Eurasiatic: *ḳwVŋV
Meaning: worm, insect
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *k[o]nid-
Altaic: *k`i̯uŋu
Kartvelian: *ḳoɣon-
Dravidian: *kun-i-
Eskimo-Aleut: *kiŋuɣ
References: Cf. ND 897a *ku/üǹ/ńV 'bee' (Drav. + ECush.).
Eurasiatic: *ḳwVrV
Meaning: to enter, reach
Altaic: *k`i̯ū́re
Kartvelian: Svan. q̇er- 'to happen, take place'
Dravidian: *k̂ōṛl-
References: ND 1931 *q̇URV 'to reach, enter'.
Eurasiatic: *ḳwVxV ?
Meaning: to become sour, boil
Indo-European: *kwAt- (-th-)
Kartvelian: *ḳwax-
Eurasiatic: *ḳʷVncwxV
Meaning: star, spark
Indo-European: *ǵ(h)ʷeisd(h)-
Altaic: *k`ū̀čV
Uralic: *kuńćV ~ *kućV
Kartvelian: *ḳwenćx-
Dravidian: ? *Cuk-
Comments: [Cf. also FU *kiče ~ küče 'glühen'?]
References: ND 1100 *Ḳuńʒ́V 'star' (w/o Kartv.; + Chad.).
Eurasiatic: *ḳʷVŕV
Meaning: young of animals
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *keru̯- [or to PK *qar- 'ox'?]
Altaic: *k`i̯ŏŕo ( ~ -u)
Kartvelian: *ḳraw-
Dravidian: *kor_- (cf. also *kur_- 194)
References: МССНЯ 373, ОСНЯ 1, 302.
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Total of 2077 records 104 pages

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