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Nostratic etymology :

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\data\nostr\nostret
Eurasiatic: *ḳElV
Meaning: stone
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *k'al- ?
Uralic: *kaδ́a
Kartvelian: *ḳl-
Dravidian: *kal_-
Comments: [Cf. *ḲaLi]
References: ND 1044 *ḳalʕ[E] 'rock, hill, stone' (with differ. IE + Arab. and Kab.); cf. PNC *q̇wiɫǝ.
Eurasiatic: *ḳelV
Meaning: need
Uralic: *kelke
Kartvelian: *ḳal- / ḳL-
Comments: [Kartv. *ḳal- 'short' is compared in ND 1059 *ḳ[u]ĺ/ḷV with SDr *kuḷ- 'short'].
References: МССНЯ 351, ОСНЯ 1, 323; ND 1027 *ḳel̄V 'to lack, be insufficient' (+ incorr. Turk.).
Eurasiatic: *ḳE(n)dV
Meaning: fog
Indo-European: *k(ʷ)ed-
Altaic: *k`ĕdò
Uralic: *kintV (*küntV) (cf. also *kuδV ?)
Dravidian: ? Tam. kūtir 'cold, cold wind'
Eskimo-Aleut: *qitǝ-
References: МССНЯ 370, ОСНЯ 1, 312; ND 1067 (see *HaḳumV); ND 1219 *ḲutV(-RV) 'smoke' (Mong.+IE + Sem.).
Eurasiatic: *ḳeñV
Meaning: light
Indo-European: *ḱen-
Altaic: *k`èńo
Uralic: *kEnV (*keñV 'light' (Karjalainen JSFOu) )
References: МССНЯ 346, ОСНЯ 1, 349-350. ND 1088 *Ḳeǹ(y)u 'light, thin' (Ur. - Alt.); 1078 *ḲEn̄/ŋ[u] 'empty' (IE + Alt. *kĕ̀ŋi 'hollow, empty'?).
Eurasiatic: *ḳerdV
Meaning: heart, breast
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *k'erd-
Kartvelian: *mḳerd-
Eskimo-Aleut: *qatǝɣ
References: МССНЯ 364, ОСНЯ 1, 324-325; ND 1174 *ḳärdV 'breast, chest' (with very questionnable SH parallels).
Eurasiatic: *ḳErV
Meaning: to call
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *kar[a]-, *kr[ā]-
Altaic: *k`ēro
Uralic: *kerä
Kartvelian: *ḳir- / *ḳil- (?)
Dravidian: *kēr- (or *kīr_-)
References: МССНЯ 342, ОСНЯ 1, 323-324; ND 1150 *ḳeriʔA 'to cry, shout, call'
Eurasiatic: *ḳerV
Meaning: bark
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *(s)ker- ; cf. also *krus- 643
Altaic: *k`éjŕa
Uralic: *kere; cf. also *kärnä
Kartvelian: Georg. ḳrol- 'outer shell of a nut/chestnut'
Eskimo-Aleut: *qariʁu (? cf. also *iqaʁtǝ- 680)
Comments: Cf. *gwVrV.
References: МССНЯ 344, ОСНЯ 1, 341-343.
Eurasiatic: *ḳErV
Meaning: round
Indo-European: *ker- (*kerk-, *kerg-, *krenk-, *kreng(h)-)
Altaic: *k`erV ( ~ -ŕ-)
Uralic: *kerä rund, rollend; sich drehen, drehen, wenden (cf. also kere Kreis, Ring, Reifen )
Eskimo-Aleut: *karivǝ-
References: Suggested by V. Glumov.
Eurasiatic: *ḳiĺV
Meaning: to lean, slant
Indo-European: *ḱlei- (cf. also *k'l[e]w- 'lame'?)
Altaic: *k`īĺu
References: ND 1061 *ḲiyĺVʡi 'to bend, bow' (+ sparse Cush.).
Eurasiatic: *ḳirV
Meaning: hoar-frost
Indo-European: *k'ersn-, *k'ersm-
Altaic: *k`i̯ā́rme ( ~ -i)
Uralic: *kerte (*kirte) (+ ObU *kīr)
Kartvelian: ḳruχ-va 'cold'
Dravidian: *Kīr- (?)
Eskimo-Aleut: *qakru-ʁ-(na-)
References: ОСНЯ 1, 353-354; ND 1158 *ḳir(u)qa 'ice, hoar-frost; to freeze' (+ Sem.). Cf. PAA *ḳVrVs- ?
Eurasiatic: *ḳirV
Meaning: top of head, horn
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *ḱerǝ-
Uralic: BF *kīrV (SKES 191)
Kartvelian: ? *kra-
Dravidian: *Kar-
Comments: Alternatively: PK *rka : PBSl. *rogo-s (МССНЯ 361).
References: МССНЯ 348, ОСНЯ 1, 350-351; ND 1130 *ḳärV 'horn'.
Eurasiatic: *ḳirV
Meaning: to scrape
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *k'erǝ-
Altaic: *k`ĭ̀rka
Uralic: *kirä; Selk. kīra
Dravidian: *ker-
References: МССНЯ 365, ОСНЯ 1, 354. ? ND 1162 *Ḳir(X)V 'to scrape, scratch' ( + Sem.); 1151 *ḳiruʕV 'to strike, hit', 1152 *ḲirVʡV 'to tear, break' - all very dubious. Cf. *ḳVrV. Cf. Austric: PAA *ki:r 'scrape, dig', PAN *karkar 'dig' (or *kahiR 'scratch, scrape, rake').
Eurasiatic: *ḳirV
Meaning: dirt
Indo-European: *k'erǝn-, *k'erǝm-
Altaic: *k`ìri
Eskimo-Aleut: *qiʁnǝ-ʁ- ?
Eurasiatic: *ḳiwHV
Meaning: spit, fang
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: PIE *ḱū- 'Spitz, Spiess' (WP 1, 465).
Altaic: *k`i̯ū̀ge
Dravidian: *kojja 'thorn, stick'
Eskimo-Aleut: *kǝɣu-ntǝ
Eurasiatic: *ḳiwlV
Meaning: hear, ear
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *k'leu̯-
Altaic: *k`ū̀jlu ( ~ -o)
Uralic: *kule
Kartvelian: *q̇ur-
Dravidian: *kejḷ- (also *kev- 'ear' 531)
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *quɫi- 'voice, song'
Comments: [But for Kartv. cf. also PU *kowra; PD *kur_ 'ear, ear-ring' 1823, see ND 1939 *q̇uR(w)V; for CK, NY cf. *Ḳä[lH]ä].
References: МССНЯ 366; ND 1036 *Ḳe[h]ul(y)E 'hear'. Drav. *kev- is attributed in ND 1229 to *Ḳ[aʔe]wV 'to hear, notice' - but that root hardly exists; see *ḲVwV 'shout, sound'.
Eurasiatic: *ḳocV
Meaning: basket
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *kʷas-
Altaic: *k`ā́č`V
Uralic: *koća (cf. also (kičV ~ *küčV , *koća, *kućV)
Kartvelian: Georg. ḳvac̣ia 'small earthen pot'
Dravidian: *kus- (?)
References: МССНЯ 345, ОСНЯ 1, 365; ND 993 *ḳoʔVćV 'basket'.
Eurasiatic: *ḳojmV
Meaning: village, hut
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *kōi̯m-
Altaic: *k`umi
Uralic: *kOmV
Eurasiatic: *ḳoĺV
Meaning: round
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *kʷel-
Altaic: *k`ulo
Uralic: *kulke (? + Selk. koĺa)
Kartvelian: *ḳwer-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *kǝvlǝ-
References: МССНЯ 345-346 (+ 332 under 'бродить'), ОСНЯ 1, 326-327; ND 1054 *ḳol̄yV 'round, to turn, turn around'.
Eurasiatic: *ḳoĺV
Meaning: testiculus
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: (*k'eul- 'testiculi)
Altaic: ? Even. kụlba 'мошонка быка, дикого барана'
Uralic: *koĺe (cf. also *kaĺkkV )
Kartvelian: *q̇wer- (+ *q̇al- 863)
Dravidian: *goḷ-ai; *gojil- 'pudendum muliebre'
References: МССНЯ 372; ND 1041 *Ḳo[y)(V)lE 'testicles', 1912 *q̇ul[ä] 'boy, child', 1920 *q̇Uĺ(V)[ʕ]V 'penis' (with much confusion).
Eurasiatic: *ḳoŋV
Meaning: dirt, dust
Indo-European: *k( ́)enis- / *k( ́)onis-
Altaic: *k`oŋi ( ~ -e)
Uralic: *konV
References: ND 1089 *Ḳun̄(y)V 'ashes, dust' (IE, Ural. + incorr. Alt.).
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Total of 2077 records 104 pages

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Back: 1 20
Forward: 1 20 50

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