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Nostratic etymology :

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\data\nostr\nostret
Eurasiatic: *kodV ?
Meaning: dirt
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *gʷēdh-
Altaic: *kut`i ( ~ -t-)
Dravidian: SDr *kot- 'rottenness, dust, dirt' (1816); PKuiKuwi *goṭ- 'dirt'
References: МССНЯ 356; ND 854 *koʡd[E] ~ *kodʡ[E] 'filth, dirt, abominable' (IE-Drav + Arab.); 960 *koytV 'filthy liquid, filth' (??IE *gʷeid(h)- : KuiKuwi : Alt. + Sem.).
Eurasiatic: *koja
Meaning: bark
Indo-European: *gʷeyǝ-
Altaic: *kúńà ( ~ k`-)
Uralic: *koja
References: МССНЯ 345, ОСНЯ 1, 299-300; ND 973 *koyHV 'skin, bark'.
Eurasiatic: *kojw[a]
Meaning: birch
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *kiba
Uralic: *kojwa
References: МССНЯ 330, ОСНЯ 1, 300; ND 976 *koyw[a] 'birch tree'.
Eurasiatic: *Koki
Meaning: to trace
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *kʷek'-, *kʷAg'-
Altaic: *gi̯ŏ̀[k]ó
Uralic: *koke
Kartvelian: *gog-
Dravidian: *gōk- (?)
References: МССНЯ 335, ОСНЯ 1, 309-310; ND 606 *goki 'track' (Alt., Ur.), 1023 *ḲoḲE 'look, see' (IE + Drav. + sparse SH) - probably one root.
Eurasiatic: *koḳV
Meaning: breast, belly
Altaic: *kŏ̀k`è
Uralic: *koktV
Dravidian: *koŋ(k)-
References: ND 608 *g/koḲE(rV) 'chest, breast' (+ Chad.?).
Eurasiatic: *kole
Meaning: to fear, tremble
Altaic: *kŏ̀lé
Dravidian: *kul-
Eurasiatic: *KolV
Meaning: kill
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *gʷel-
Uralic: *kola
Kartvelian: (Zan. q̇wil-; PK *ḳal-); Svan. -q̇law- 'break'
Dravidian: *kol-
Comments: [Cf. also PIE *kola-, *klā-'beat, break, kill'; SDr *koḷ- 'hurt, hit, kill'; TM *xaldi- 'hew, carve'; FP *ko[ĺ]V ~ *kaLV 'knock, strike']
References: МССНЯ 370; ND 870 *kolʔa 'to die, end' (IE+Ur+ Arab. and a dub. Irq.); 1029 *Ḳoḷ/ĺa 'to beat, strike' (IE *kola- + SDr + Arab.); 1043 *ḳal̄ʕa 'to cut, hew, chop, stab' (IE *kola- + Kartv. *ḳal- + TM + various SH); 1050 *Ḳoḷ/ĺqa 'to knock, strike, hit' (IE *kola- + FP + Arab.); 1911 *q̇ola 'to kill' (Kartv.-Drav.); 1919 *q̇Aĺ/ḷʕV 'to break, tear, pluck' (Svan. + IE *kola- ? + dub. Drav. + Sem.)./
Eurasiatic: *koĺV
Meaning: young of animals
Indo-European: *g(ʷ)old-
Altaic: *kṓĺi(kV) ( ~ g-, -e)
Uralic: ? *kuδ́e- 'laichen'
Eurasiatic: *kompV
Meaning: fist, wrist
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *kòmpo
Uralic: *komV(rV) (cf. also *kopra)
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *kume(l)-
References: ND 631 *goʡmV ~ *gomʡV 'hand, fist' (Alt., Ur. + Sem.?).
Eurasiatic: *komtV
Meaning: covering, lid
Altaic: *kómtV (also *ki̯àntú a k. of vessel)
Uralic: *komta (also *konte 'basket'?)
References: МССНЯ 356; ND 891 *kom(i)dE 'basket, vessel', 892 *kom(V)ṭV 'to cover; lid, cover' (assuming a distinction on the basis of Uralic, but then also deriving from 892 PA *kumi 'eyebrows, hair on temples'?). For *konte cf. Sem. *kand- 'jug', PNC *kwVmdarV 'jar'?
Eurasiatic: *KOntV
Meaning: wild reindeer, bull
Altaic: *kḕnda
Uralic: *kunta 'wild reindeer'
Dravidian: *kōnd- 'bull'
References: Tyler 21 (U-D)
Eurasiatic: *ḲopV
Meaning: bark
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *k`i̯ā̀bu (cf. also *k`āp`a 2)
Uralic: *kopa
Kartvelian: Georg. ḳep- 'sheet (of paper)'
References: МССНЯ 344; ND 1109 *ḳAP_V 'leaf', 1117 *Ḳo(')ap[U] 'bark' (+ Chad.). Maybe indeed more than one root: for Alt. *k`i̯ā̀bu cf. also Sv. q̇uwa 'bark, crust' (see ND 1946 *q̇EwV 'bark, crust, shell').
Eurasiatic: *ḲorV
Meaning: worm
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *kʷr̥mi-
Altaic: *k`i̯ṓro
Uralic: *kūrmV 'gadfly' (SKES 246) [: Saam. N gur'bma 'larva of Oedemagena tarandi', L kur'mā 'Dassellarve, Larve der Hautbremse' - Redei 805]; F-Volg. *karma ~ *kärma 'Fliege'; ? Sam. *kür 'fly'
Kartvelian: *ḳrḳil-; also Georg. ḳvirṭ-, ḳruṭ- 'wasp'
Dravidian: *kur[V]m-; PKoGa *kurṭum 'leech'
Eskimo-Aleut: *qura-
Comments: [Other similar forms: PA *k`i̯ā̀re; PK *grc̣q̇il- 'flea'; PD *girŋgil 'cricket' (1569); cf. *ḳVrV]
References: МССНЯ 338, ОСНЯ 1, 358; ND 942 *kuʔrVt/dV 'worm, parasytic insect' (Turk. + PKoGa); 1140 *ḲuR[E] 'worm, maggot'; 1177 *ḳ[u]R[ʕV]dV 'stinging insect'; 1180 *ḳirKV 'stinging insect' (Kartv. *ḳrḳil- + TM + some SH); 1183 *ḲuRmV 'worm, insect'.
Eurasiatic: *koṭV
Meaning: village
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *kat-
Altaic: *kòt`V ( ~ k`-, -u-)
Uralic: *kota
Dravidian: *k̂oṭ- (+ SD *kuḍ- 'house, hut, family')
References: Tyler 82; ND 1225 *Ḳoṭa ~ *Ḳota 'fence, wall'; 1907 *q̇ud[i] 'house, hut' (?).
Eurasiatic: *KUCV
Meaning: fall
Uralic: *kus'e 'fall down' (Coll. 79)
Dravidian: *gūs-
References: МССНЯ 362, ОСНЯ 1, 311-312.
Eurasiatic: *KUCV [?]
Meaning: dog, wolf
Borean: Borean
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *hǝshǝ 'dog'
Comments: A local Siberian root.
Eurasiatic: *KUcwV
Meaning: to hold
Altaic: *kū́či ( ~ k`-, g-, -č`-, -o, -u)
Uralic: *koče
Eurasiatic: *kuč`u
Meaning: grass, vegetables
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *kusu ( ~ k`-, -o-)
Uralic: ? *kOčV'moss'
Dravidian: *kuS-[Vr-]
Eurasiatic: *kUdV
Meaning: relative
Altaic: *kude
Uralic: kiδ3 (küδ3)
References: МССНЯ 363, ОСНЯ 1, 302-304, ND 853 *küda 'male person of the opposite moiety'.
Eurasiatic: *kUdV
Meaning: to submerge
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *gʷādh-
Altaic: *kùdá
Dravidian: ? SDr *koṭ- 'to pour out' (cf. also *kùḍ- 'vessel', *kuḍ- 'drink')
References: ND 1016 *Ḳud(V)XV 'to draw water, ladle out' (Alt+Drav+Arab.), 1013 *ḲoHadV 'to dip, plunge, descend' (IE + various dubious).
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Total of 2077 records 104 pages

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