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Nostratic etymology :

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Total of 2077 records 104 pages

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Eurasiatic: *ʔVḳV
Meaning: armpit
Indo-European: *ak(')s-
Altaic: *uk`V ( ~ *o-)
References: ND 726 *ɣo/atḲE 'popliteal space, armpit' (IE + Alt.,with very dub. Sem.).
Eurasiatic: *ʔVlgV
Meaning: be useful
Indo-European: *algʷh-
Kartvelian: *rg-
Eurasiatic: *ʔVlugV
Meaning: lie
Indo-European: *leugh-
Altaic: *uĺu(-kV, -gV)
Dravidian: *oḷ- (??)
Comments: Cf. Austric: PAA *lVk 'lie', PAN *ulug 'mock, ridicule'.
Eurasiatic: *ʔVLV
Meaning: to cover
Altaic: *ḗĺpo
Uralic: *aδ́V (oδ́V)
Dravidian: *al-
References: ND 2615 *XaẑV 'to cover, spread' (+ Arab.).
Eurasiatic: *ʔVlV
Meaning: a k. of small animal
Altaic: *álikV
Dravidian: *el-
Eurasiatic: *ʔVlV
Meaning: negative particle
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: Hitt. l- 'not'
Altaic: *ule
Uralic: *älä / *ala 'do not!'
Kartvelian: Georg. ara 'no, not' (also ver 'cannot', -ur '-less')
Dravidian: *al-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *ellǝ
Comments: Aleut -l-.
References: ОСНЯ 1, 17, 263-264, ND 24 *ʔäla (with a hypothesis that forms like *ule go back to deict. *w- + *älä).
Eurasiatic: *ʔVlV
Meaning: onion
Indo-European: *āl-
Altaic: TM *elu 'onion'
Dravidian: *uḷ-i
References: ND 132 *ʡAĺ/ḷU 'a Liliaceous plant' (comparing also Central Sem. *ʕalw(ay) 'aloë'.
Eurasiatic: *ʔVĺV
Meaning: germinated seeds, juice of berries or trees (?)
Indo-European: *alut-, -d-
Altaic: *aĺV
Uralic: *älV (cf. also *jälte)
Eurasiatic: *ʔVlV
Meaning: blade, awl
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *ēl-
Uralic: *elV
Eurasiatic: *ʔVmbV
Meaning: big, whole
Altaic: *ámbe
Uralic: *umpe 'whole, complete'
Eskimo-Aleut: *amǝ-
Eurasiatic: *ʔVm(p)V
Meaning: a k. of insect
Indo-European: *a(m)p-i-/e-, -b-
Dravidian: *um(b)-
References: ND 773 *[h]VmP[i] 'stinging insect' ( + Chad., Arab.).
Eurasiatic: *ʔVmV
Meaning: mother, woman
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *mā-t-er-
Altaic: *ĕ̀me
Uralic: *emä (cf. also *imV)
Dravidian: *am-
Eskimo-Aleut: *ǝma
References: ND 39 *ʔemA, 1356 *mA(ʔ)a(-yV).
Eurasiatic: *ʔVnCV
Meaning: a k. of fish
Uralic: *ončV
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *'ǝn[š]ǝ-
References: Suggested by V. Glumov.
Eurasiatic: *ʔVnjV
Meaning: to see, eye
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *ney- 'to shine, sparkle; to see' [Blazhek proposes IIr. *vain- 'see'?]
Altaic: *ni̯ā̀
Uralic: ?? *wanV 'sehen, schauen' (?+ Sam. *ńo- in ND 1629)
Kartvelian: Georg. naχ- to see, find
Dravidian: *nō-; ?*nā- 'to open one's eyes' (PKG 814); or *uṇṇ- 'to think, look' (727)
Eskimo-Aleut: *niŋǝ-(t-)
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *'nǝju- 'guard'
Comments: (PU *wanV = PD *uṇṇ = Nivkh. *waŋ- 'search; eye')
References: ND 138 *ʡoyn̄V (compares rather Mong. ojun 'mind' and distinguishes between *ʡoyn̄V and *ń[e]χa); 1631 *ń[e]χa 'to see', partially also 1629 *ńo(ʕ)wV 'to hunt, pursue'. A lot of confusion that has to be sorted out. [For Mong. *ojun cf. PU *wOjV 'see, find etc.' ?]
Eurasiatic: *ʔVnV
Meaning: an ungulate
Indo-European: *ein-
Altaic: *ènŋù
Dravidian: ? *īn-
Eurasiatic: *ʔVnV
Meaning: in, inside
Indo-European: *en
Altaic: *ḗna(kV)
Uralic: *EnV
References: ND 46 *ʔin̄[A] 'place': with a Sem. parallel, and etymologizing the locative markers of the *-nV type in Sem.-Ham., Kartv., IE, Ur., Drav. and Alt.
Eurasiatic: *ʔVnV
Meaning: not, negative particle
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *nē, *ne, *ney
Altaic: *ā̀ni
Uralic: *nV 'not'; Perm. en 'prohib. particle' (if not < Chuv.)
Kartvelian: *nu-
Eskimo-Aleut: *-ǝnʁi-ʁ-, *-ǝnʁi-t
References: ND 48 *ʔ[ä]yn̄V 'nothing, there is no' - distinguishing it from 1524 *ǹi 'not' (+ Eg.), which is hardly plausible.
Eurasiatic: *ʔVnV
Meaning: big, very
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *ắni
Uralic: *enä (also *anV ~ *onV)
Eskimo-Aleut: *aŋ(u)-
References: ND 717 *Geǹ[ä] 'to be large, copious' (Turk.+Ur.+ Sem.).
Eurasiatic: *ʔVnV(jV)
Meaning: to wish, help
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *(o)nā-
Altaic: *naja
Kartvelian: *n-
References: Долгопольский 1971, 237; ND 1527 *n̄aʕi 'to go', 1559 *`n̄Vqa 'to assist' (with the same IE reflexes and some confusion as to SH).
Eurasiatic: *ʔVnʒwV
Meaning: fang, stake
Indo-European: *ns-
Uralic: *ońća-rV
Kartvelian: *anʒa 'stake, mast'
References: ND 139 *ʕoNʒ́V 'fang, stake' ( + Arab. ʕanaz-at- 'javelin).
Total of 2077 records 104 pages

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