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Nostratic etymology :

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Total of 2077 records 104 pages

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Eurasiatic: *HumŋV
Meaning: sleep, forget
Indo-European: *onr̥
Altaic: *umuŋ(t)o
Uralic: *wunV (also FV *une 'sleep, dream)
Dravidian: *ūm ? (cf. IE *mū- 'dumb'?)
Comments: Cf. also: PE *unur(-a) 'night', PA *ĭ́na 'dawn, dusk'. On the basis of PT *im(iŕ) (separated from *iŋ-) and Evk. umulge 'shadow' Mudrak reconstructs PA *i̯umi, comparing it with PE *umɫu- 'day, morning, star'.
References: ND 137 *[ʡ][ʕ]umŋ/nV 'sleep, lose consciousness' (w/o IE; also adding Eg. ʕwn 'sleep' and some Sem. forms < *ʕm-). [in afaset we have *wiʕan- and *hwVn- 'sleep' - but also *nVwVm- / *mVwVn- id.]. A big confusion with *ŋūjV q.v.
Eurasiatic: *HurV
Meaning: pierce, hole
Indo-European: *rū-
Altaic: *ŏri ( ~ -e)
Uralic: ? *orma
Kartvelian: *qur-
Dravidian: *ur-c- (cf. also *uṛ- 'to plough' 1668)
Comments: ИС (and ND 2001 *rowV) compares IE *rewǝ- with PU *rowa (МССНЯ 362), but it is rather *rokV (?)
References: МССНЯ 357; ND 1884 *qurV 'to pierce, make a hole; hole, pit' (w/o IE; + Sem.); cf. also PAA *hur- 'pierce'.
Eurasiatic: *Huwa
Meaning: stream, flow of water
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *Heu-
Uralic: *uwa (?*uŋa)
Dravidian: *vār- 'flow'
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *iw- 'water'
Comments: Cf. *GurV.
References: МССНЯ 334, ОСНЯ 1, 256; ND 794 *ho[w]ʕa ~ *hoʕwa 'flow, stream' (Ural. + partially IE); 2611 *χawV 'to spurt, to rain' (IE + SH).
Eurasiatic: *HVbV
Meaning: to hurry
Indo-European: *abh-
Altaic: *ḗjba
References: Suggested by V. Glumov.
Eurasiatic: *HVcV ( ~ -c`- )
Meaning: soak, dip
Kartvelian: *c̣-
Dravidian: PGnd *is- 'soak, steep'
References: ND 798 *.eć̣[U] 'sink, dip' (also compares Ur. *eććV 'fall'?; but under ND 1851 *q[E]ĉ(V)ʕV 'to sink' it is compared with Georg. xvec̣- 'herunterrutschen (z. b. Socke)' - both quite dubious).
Eurasiatic: *HVdV
Meaning: thing
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *ĕda
Uralic: *atV
References: Suggested by V. Glumov.
Eurasiatic: *HVgU
Meaning: rise, stand up
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *i̯úgu
Dravidian: *eg-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *'iɣʷǝ-
Comments: ? Cf. PU *ukV 'head, top' ?
Eurasiatic: *HVgV(rV)
Meaning: water basin, river
Indo-European: *ag'her-
Altaic: *i̯uge(ŕV)
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *'iɣʷǝ-
Comments: (Cf. *ʕEḳu )
References: Suggested by V. Glumov.
Eurasiatic: *HVjV
Meaning: go, follow
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *ei-
Altaic: *ā̀ja
Uralic: *aja-
Kartvelian: *i-
Dravidian: *ej-
Eskimo-Aleut: *aɣǝ- ?
Comments: Cf. also PIE *i̯ē-, PU *je(ɣV) - a variant or a separate root?; PIE *ai- 'fall upon, seize' (1270)
References: МССНЯ 357; ОСНЯ 1, 243, 265-267; ND 103 *ʔeyo (with wrong Ur. and Alt. parallels); 821 *Haya 'pursue'.
Eurasiatic: *HVJV ??
Meaning: thought, mind
Indo-European: *ō- <PIH *H-> ?
Altaic: Mong. ojun 'thought'
Uralic: ojwa
Dravidian: SDR *ej- 'know' (716)
Eskimo-Aleut: *ujvi
References: Cf. *HwVjV
Eurasiatic: *HVk`V
Meaning: elder sister
Altaic: *ĕk`à (~ -o)
Eskimo-Aleut: *aka
References: Suggested by V. Glumov.
Eurasiatic: *HVlHV
Meaning: to grind
Indo-European: *al-
Kartvelian: *ɣerɣ-
Eurasiatic: *HVlV
Meaning: to take, receive
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *ắla
Uralic: *älV-
Dravidian: *ēl_- (or SD *aḷ- 'handful')
References: ND 1858 *q[a]ḷi 'to extend one's hand, seize' (w/o Ur.). Cf. also 1860 *qäl̄V 'hand' (Kartv. *qel- + Chad.).
Eurasiatic: *HVlV
Meaning: food
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *al-
Altaic: *i̯oĺe
Uralic: *jOlV
Dravidian: *aḷ-
References: МССНЯ 354, ОСНЯ 1, 259-260; ND 34 *[ʔ]aĺa 'food'.
Eurasiatic: *HVlV
Meaning: light, shine
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *(H)al- 'flame, burn'
Altaic: ? Ewn. ilān 'moon'
Uralic: *jelä
Kartvelian: *(h)el-
Dravidian: *el-
Eskimo-Aleut: *ǝlǝ-ɣ-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *hъlhъ 'sun' (also *ilɣǝ- white, brilliant'?)
References: ОСНЯ 1, 276, 281-282, МССНЯ 362; ND 127 *ʕ[a]lV 'burn' (esp. sacrifices), adding also Sem. *ʕlw 'burn a sacrifice', but strangely mixing the root with *HalV 'be angry; act perversely'; 768 *hAlV 'to shine; bright', 768a *hiLV 'new heavenly light'; 2630 *yel(ay)V 'to shine, light' (with a great deal of confusion). Cf. *ŋwVlV.
Eurasiatic: *HVlV
Meaning: yellow
Indo-European: *Alǝw-
Altaic: *ālV 'variegated'
References: ND 130 *ʡ/GäHl̄u 'reddish, yellow, brown' (+ ECush.). Cf. *ŋwVlV.
Eurasiatic: *HVĺV
Meaning: to melt, liquid
Uralic: *eĺV 'wet; melt'
Dravidian: *al-i- 'melt, dissolve'
References: ND 1862 *qä[liy]V 'melt, dissolve, be wet/moist' (+ Sem.).
Eurasiatic: *HVlVḳV
Meaning: blister, abscess
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *elk'-
Altaic: Mong. oliqaj, uliqaj 'blister'
References: ND 1864 *qVL(V)ḲE 'blister, pimple'.
Eurasiatic: *HVlwV
Meaning: hollow
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *aul-o (*Halwo-)
Altaic: *i̯ùlò
Dravidian: *ùḷo-
Eskimo-Aleut: *ulu
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *'ijɫǝ (~ *j-, -ɫ́'-) tongue
Comments: Sib. forms presuppose the meaning 'inside of the mouth'.
References: The Drav. form is derived in ND 35 from *ʔuh(V)ĺV 'hut' which hardly exists, see *aHulV.
Eurasiatic: *HVnPV
Meaning: navel
Indo-European: *(o)nAbh-
Kartvelian: *u(m)ṗe-
Comments: [For Kartv. cf. perhaps rather PIE *wamp- `womb']
References: ОСНЯ 1, 248-249, МССНЯ 358; ND 829 *ħU(N)ṗVʔV 'navel' (+ dubious SH).
Total of 2077 records 104 pages

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