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Nostratic etymology :

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Total of 2077 records 104 pages

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Eurasiatic: *HadV
Meaning: to fit
Altaic: *ădV
Dravidian: *aḍú-
Eurasiatic: *HaḳumV
Meaning: sky, cloud
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *akVm- (but 'stone' hardly here)
Uralic: *kumV
Kartvelian: *ḳwam-/ḳwm-
Dravidian: *kum-
References: ND 1067 *ḳümV(-Tä) 'fog, mist; cloud' (possibly also 1068a *ḲumʔV 'be hot, smoulder') . May be = *ḳUmV q.v.
Eurasiatic: *Haĺi
Meaning: clay, sand
Indo-European: *Hălei̯ǝ-
Altaic: *aĺi
Eurasiatic: *HalpV
Meaning: weak
Indo-European: *alp-
Altaic: *ălpa
Kartvelian: *ɣalp-
References: МССНЯ 365, ОСНЯ 1, 239-240; ND 131b *[ʕ]aLpV 'weak, exhausted' (IE+TM), 713 *G[o]Lpa 'weak, small' (IE+Kartv. + dub. Mong.).
Eurasiatic: *HalV
Meaning: below
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *ʔĕlʌ- ?
Altaic: *ale
Uralic: *ala (cf. also *lE)
Dravidian: *el- (?)
References: МССНЯ 351; ND 1859 *qalV 'bottom, down' (+Sem.). Cf. PEC *ƛ̣_i 'below, down'.
Eurasiatic: *HalV
Meaning: front
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *ā́la ( ~ -ē-)
Uralic: *alka
Kartvelian: *xal- (+ Georg. xling- 'edge')
References: МССНЯ 354, ОСНЯ 1, 244; ND 2576 *[χ]alV 'front, edge' (+ Akk., ?Eg.).
Eurasiatic: *HalV
Meaning: weak, tired
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *el-
Altaic: *ā̀le (+ *ā̀lV 'destroy, kill'?)
Kartvelian: *ɣal- 'to tire'
Dravidian: *al[a]-
Comments: Esk.-Al. *aƛǝ 'illness'.
Eurasiatic: *HalV
Meaning: to be angry
Indo-European: *HalVw- (cf. also *alk-)
Altaic: *ā́li
Uralic: *alV- 'to condemn, bewitch'
Kartvelian: *ɣel-
Dravidian: ?*aḷu- 'to prick; be angry' (DEDR 304) [Tel. *al- 'to be angry' (158) + Kannada]
Eurasiatic: *HalVḳV
Meaning: a k. of bird
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *alk(')- / *alk('-)
Altaic: *lak`[a]
References: Suggested by V. Glumov.
Eurasiatic: *HamgV
Meaning: narrow
Indo-European: *ang'h- <PIH *Hamg'h->
Uralic: *aŋke
Dravidian: ? SDr *aŋkaṇ-am 'space between pillars'
References: ND 2591 *Xam(V)gE ( ~ ħ-) 'tight, narrow' (+ Arab.).
Eurasiatic: *HamV
Meaning: morning / evening
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *ām-
Uralic: *oma (oma / āmV 'morning' Coll. 2)
Kartvelian: *ɣam- ?
Eskimo-Aleut: *amuГ- ?
References: МССНЯ 370, ОСНЯ 1, 260-261; ND 37 *ʔam[o](rV) 'morning, daylight' (with Cush. parallels).
Eurasiatic: *HamV
Meaning: grasp, seize, press
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *em-
Altaic: *i̯umu
Uralic: FP *em- 'there is'; *oma 'own, property' (? + ämV-rV- 42); *ama- 'to scoop'
Kartvelian: Laz. m-
Dravidian: *am- ?
Comments: Cf. also: PIE *eum- 'all, many'; PD *ōm- 'to protect, preserve'; PCK *'umeke 'together'.
References: ОСНЯ 3, 128-130, ND 40 *ʔemV 'seize, hold'; 811 *HoNVmV 'take hold' ( + IE *nem-??); 1869 *qAmV 'to grasp, seize'.
Eurasiatic: *HangV
Meaning: open, hole
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: ? Lit. angà
Altaic: *àŋa
Uralic: *aŋa
Dravidian: *áŋāl-
References: МССНЯ 358, ОСНЯ 1, 244-245; ND 57 *ʔaŋga (cf. also 2598 *XENkV 'loosen, open, remove'?).
Eurasiatic: *HanṭV
Meaning: front
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *ant- <PIH *H->
Altaic: *ant`a
Uralic: ? *aŋtV (*oŋtV) Horn; cf. also Ug. *oŋtV(-lV) 'side of body, rib'
Dravidian: *àṇ[ḍ]-ai ?
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: ? *'nǝtnǝ рог
References: МССНЯ 354; ND 1875 *qanṭV 'forehead, front'.
Eurasiatic: *HaṗV
Meaning: to grasp
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *ùp`í
Uralic: FL *appV- 'to scoop, eat voraciously'
Kartvelian: *qp- (+ Georg. χaṗ- 'scoop out liquid')
References: ND 1879 *qVpʕV 'seize, hold'; 1844 *qabʔV 'to scoop, draw water' (hardly distinguishable).
Eurasiatic: *HarṗV
Meaning: crops
Indo-European: Hitt. harpas, harpijas 'feast of harvest'
Altaic: *àrp`á
References: ND 1886 *qarP_V 'to harvest' (+ Sem.).
Eurasiatic: *HarV
Meaning: furrow
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *aro- <PIH *H- ?>
Kartvelian: *ɣar-
Dravidian: SDr *ar- 'plough'
References: ND 723 *ɣarHV 'to crush, grind' (IE+Drav., but + Kartv. *ɣerɣ- 'grind' and Akk. χrr 'grind').
Eurasiatic: *Hase
Meaning: to burn
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *Has-
Altaic: *ase ( ~ *p`-)
Uralic: *äsV
Kartvelian: Svan. -V:šw- 'to ignite'
Dravidian: *es-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: Itelm. *'az- 'bright'
Comments: [perhaps also PD *is(V)k- 'fire, glow-worm' (DEDR 428); also Neg. isket 'испытывать жару'?]
References: ОСНЯ 1, 262-263, МССНЯ 352; ND 87 *ʔüsV 'fire', 786 *[h]aŝ[o] 'burn' (an extremely dubious distinction).
Eurasiatic: *HelV
Meaning: leaf, branch
Borean: Borean
Uralic: *elV
Dravidian: *Ìl-ai
References: ND 803a *.el̄V 'sprout, twig'. [Cf. IE *alis-, *elus- 'alder', Georg. alva 'poplar' - united in ND 824 *ħäl̄u 'a tree (poplar or sim.).]
Eurasiatic: *HenkV
Meaning: fire, burn
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *eng-
Uralic: *äŋV
Dravidian: *oṇ- 'dry' ?
Eskimo-Aleut: *ǝknǝ-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *jъn
References: ОСНЯ 1, 245-246, МССНЯ 352; ND 814 *HäŋkU 'fire'.
Total of 2077 records 104 pages

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