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Nostratic etymology :

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Total of 2077 records 104 pages

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\data\nostr\nostret
Eurasiatic: *gVrV
Meaning: to walk, go
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *ghrad- / -e-
Altaic: *gi̯ằŕá
References: ND 685 *gi/eŕa ~ *gi/eRya 'to step, walk'.
Eurasiatic: *gVrV
Meaning: to scratch
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *g'har(a)- / -e-
Altaic: *gi̯óro ( ~ -ŕ-)
Uralic: F.-Saam. *kirja 'line, sign, ornament'; cf. also *kurńa 'notch, furrow' ?
Dravidian: *gīr_-
References: ND 919 *kirV ~ *girV (incorr. Turk. + Drav. + IE + Berb.). Cf. *gVrVbV
Eurasiatic: *gVrV
Meaning: to spread
Altaic: *gi̯ări
Dravidian: *gaR-
Eurasiatic: *gVrV
Meaning: to be hungry, yearn
Indo-European: *ghAr[e]dh-, *ghrēdh-
Altaic: *górà ( ~ -ŕ-)
References: Suggested by V. Glumov.
Eurasiatic: *gVrVbV
Meaning: notch, sign
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *gerbh-, *greibh-
Altaic: *gĕ̀rè(bV)
Uralic: Ngan. kirba 'brand'
Dravidian: *gīr_-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *kǝrp- 'speech, song'
Comments: Esk. *qaʁaja 'amulet' (?).
References: Cf. *gVrV.
Eurasiatic: *gVrVndV ?
Meaning: beam, log
Indo-European: *ghrendh-
Dravidian: *kUr_aḍ- (*-d_-)
References: ND 681 *guraNdV 'log, trunk of a tree' (+dub. SH).
Eurasiatic: *gVṭV
Meaning: to get
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *ghed- - if distinguished from *ghend-
Uralic: *kattV (Dolg.: "grasp, hold") [perhaps better *käte 'hand'?]
Kartvelian: *ḳed- (*ḳid-)
Dravidian: *kaT-
References: ND 694 *gäṭV 'to grasp, take, possess' (distinguishing it from *kantV q.v.; + Cush.); 1007 *ḳ[ä]d[i] 'to take, hold' (Kartv. + Chad.).
Eurasiatic: *gVṭV
Meaning: to look, watch
Indo-European: *g'heidh-
Altaic: *get`V
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *ɣĭtĕ-
References: Suggested by V. Glumov.
Eurasiatic: *gVṭV
Meaning: berry
Altaic: *gằt`a ( ~ -t-)
Uralic: *kottV
Eurasiatic: *gV(w)mV
Meaning: taste; palate
Indo-European: *ghāum-
Kartvelian: *gem-
References: Климов (1994, 173-174).
Eurasiatic: *gVwV
Meaning: to get accustomed, observe
Indo-European: *ghaw-
Kartvelian: *gu-
References: Bomhard 1996, 168.
Eurasiatic: *gVwV / *gwVjV (?)
Meaning: to go, follow
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *gʷā- (cf. also *gewa-, *gwā- ?)
Altaic: *gŏ̀bè ( ~ -o) (cf. also *kḕju)
Uralic: *kijV (*küjV) (cf. also *kujV , *käwV )
Dravidian: *k̂ā- (?)
References: ND 842 *k[ü]ʡa 'to go, advance, follow' (+ Cush.).
Eurasiatic: *g(w)enV
Meaning: to know
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *g'en[o]-, *g'nō-
Altaic: (PT *Kön- 'to agree, trust')
Kartvelian: *gen-/gn-
Dravidian: *kaṇ 'eye' (1159); *kāṇ- 'to see' (1443)
Eskimo-Aleut: *qinǝʁ- ~ *qǝnǝ-ʁ-
References: МССНЯ 343, ОСНЯ 1, 296-297; ND 636 *gAǹ/ńV 'see, perceive' (Kartv.-Drav. + Chad.); 901 *kin̄hU ~ *kihn̄U 'to see, observe, examine' (IE + Mong. kina- [which goes back to *k`i̯ŭnu 'long, covet (sexually) + SH). The two roots are hardly separatable.
Eurasiatic: *gwVCV
Meaning: direction, road
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *k`i̯ŏ́ǯa
Uralic: *kućV 'side, space close to smth.'; Ug. *kećV (Dolg.: *küćV) 'follow the tracks of'
Kartvelian: *gz(a)-
Eskimo-Aleut: *kac-ru- ?
References: ND 703 *gažV 'to go; way, path' (Kartv.+Turk. +? Akk. gwš- 'go, come'); 705 *güʒ́V ~ *guʒ́E 'tracks, path'. Cf. also *kVčV and some forms under 1070 *ḳamč̣E 'to bend, corner': FP *k[a]n/ńčV 'bend, curve', Georg. ḳunč̣- 'j-n in eine Ecke drängen' ? ( + Georg. ḳunʒ- 'sich bücken, ducken' in ND 1091?)
Eurasiatic: *gwVjV
Meaning: fat
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *gʷei(w)o-, *gʷyē(w)-
Altaic: *kujV ( ~ k`-, g-)
Uralic: *kuje
Kartvelian: *gw-
Eskimo-Aleut: *quvi- ?
References: МССНЯ 341, ОСНЯ 1, 299; ND 972 *koyʕ[o] ( + Eg.).
Eurasiatic: *gwVlV
Meaning: belly, entrails
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *gʷolbh- (ND 620 *ghelondh-?)
Altaic: *k`i̯ū́ĺnu 'navel'
Kartvelian: *gul-
Dravidian: *kōl-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *'ǝkɫ́ime kidney
References: ND 620 *gol[ʔ]V 'belly, entrails' (Kartv.-Drav.+IE *ghelondh-?).
Eurasiatic: *gwVlV
Meaning: dry
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *k`óla ( ~ -u-, -i̯o-)
Kartvelian: *gwal-
Comments: ? Cf. Ur. *kulV 'end, stop, become exhausted'.
Eurasiatic: *gwV(n)c`V
Meaning: bush, (birch) tree
Indo-European: *gwAzd-
Altaic: *k`i̯ŏ̀sú
Uralic: *kuńćV ~ *kućV
Eurasiatic: *gwVrpV
Meaning: young of animals
Indo-European: *gʷĕrbhʌ-, *gʷrĕbhʌ-
Altaic: *k`i̯ŭrpe
Dravidian: *kir_-
Comments: Cf. also PD *karb- 'egg, foetus'; *kō̆ṛ-'young; sprout'
References: ND 946 *kUŕV 'foetus, young of an animal, child' (IE : Drav. *kō̆ṛ-, *kur-).
Eurasiatic: *gwVrV
Meaning: to swallow, throat
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *gʷerǝ- 'to swallow' (+*gʷeru̯- 1760, *g(ʷ)rīw-ā- 1761, *gʷrogh- 1762)
Altaic: *k`i̯urge ( ~ -o) (cf. also *gurgi )
Uralic: *kurk(k)V (cf. also *karV (korV-) 'bite', *kerV 'burp, vomit', *kerV)
Kartvelian: *q̇orq̇- ( + *qarq- 840)
Dravidian: *kōr-; ?SDR/Tel. *kur- 'voice; throat' [1549]
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: CKor *karɣъ 'hole' ?
References: МССНЯ 335, ОСНЯ 1, 235-236; ND 656 *gerV 'throat' (SH-Ur. *kerV), 666 *guRʡE or *güRʡV 'throat, neck' (SH-Alt. *gurgi, Drav. *guṛŋg-), 679 *guRK[U] 'throat', 927 *korʡV 'eat (greedily), swallow', 931 *kUri[ħ]u 'throat, neck'. At least two roots (for Kartv. cf. also PNC *q̇ăq̇ari / *q̇ăraq̇i, PY *gǝ(n)kǝŕ); cf. also PA *gurgi 'palate', PD *guṛŋg- 'throat'; PIE *gʷerw-, *gʷerkʷ-, *gʷergʷ- `throat, neck'; Ur. *kerV 'Kehle, Gurgel'.
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Total of 2077 records 104 pages

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