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Nostratic etymology :

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\data\nostr\nostret
Eurasiatic: *gImV
Meaning: winter, cold
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *g'heim-; *g'hiyom- / *g'hyem-
Eskimo-Aleut: *qam(a)-
References: Suggested by V. Glumov.
Eurasiatic: *girV
Meaning: bone
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *gire ( ~ -ŕ-)
Dravidian: *kir_l-
Eurasiatic: *gIwV
Meaning: mare, female animal
Altaic: *gibe
Uralic: *kewe
References: Suggested by V. Glumov.
Eurasiatic: *gojńV
Meaning: dawn
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *gʷhei- 'мерцать' (Pok. 488-489)
Altaic: *gi̯ā̀jńu
Uralic: *koj[ń]e
References: МССНЯ 342, ОСНЯ 1, 230-231; ND 701 *goXyV 'light, sunshine, dawn'; 905 *Kun̄yaHĺE 'sunshine, daybreak'; ND 1080 *Ḳün̄V ~ *Ḳun̄E 'sun, day' (hardly distinguishable; but cf. also Ural. *kuŋe 'moon').
Eurasiatic: *gop`a
Meaning: hole, empty
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *geup-, *kūp-
Altaic: *kobu, *gupu (268)
Uralic: *koppa
Kartvelian: *kwab-
Dravidian: ?? Sdr. koppam (DEDR 2103); SDR *gav-i 'cave' (1176)
References: ОСНЯ 1, 232-233, МССНЯ 358; ND 651 *go(w)ṗ[ü] 'hollow, empty, hole', 911 *kohṗE 'cave, pit' (indeed more than one root, but have to be sorted out).
Eurasiatic: *GorV
Meaning: to cry
Indo-European: *or-
Altaic: *oro
Kartvelian: *ɣar-/ɣr-; *ɣarɣar-
Dravidian: *jeṛ- (?)
References: МССНЯ 345; ND 721 *GorV 'to cry, speak' ( + Sem. *ɣry-).
Eurasiatic: *gowlV
Meaning: valley, deep
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: ? Balt. *gil- 'deep'
Altaic: *goblu
Uralic: *kolV 'rift, cleft, interval' (?)
Dravidian: *kol- (?)
References: ND 620 *gowlu 'deep, valley'; GE 6 *ḳolo 'hole' (with much confusion).
Eurasiatic: *gucwV
Meaning: eagle
Altaic: *guči
Uralic: *kočka
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *kučkǝ-
Eurasiatic: *GudV
Meaning: bind, belt
Indo-European: *(H)wedh-
Uralic: ? *wote (cf. also *wata )
Kartvelian: *ɣwed-
Comments: For Ur. *wata cf. rather PIE *wadh-.
References: МССНЯ 364, ND 733 *GudE or *GüdV 'to tie, thong' ( + incorr. Mong.).
Eurasiatic: *gujrV
Meaning: antelope
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *g'hwēr-
Altaic: *gúri ( ~ -o-,-e)
Uralic: *kojra
Dravidian: *gor_- [*kurV DED 121]
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *'ǝɣʷrǝ-nik
References: МССНЯ 330, ОСНЯ 1, 237; ND 663 *guyrE 'beast', 672 *gurHa 'antelope' (hardly distinguishable).
Eurasiatic: *gUjV
Meaning: other
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *gojV
Kartvelian: *gaw-/gw-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *kʷa-sqъ (~ *-ɫ́q-) two, other
References: Suggested by V. Glumov. (Alt.-Kartv.)
Eurasiatic: *guḳa
Meaning: to bend
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *kouk-
Altaic: *gùk`a (or *k`ōki 'hook')
Uralic: *kokka (cf. also *kokka)
Kartvelian: *ḳaḳ(w)-
Dravidian: ? *goŋk-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: ? Itelm. *qeqǝ- 'nose'
References: ND 652 *goPḲa 'tooth, hook, sharp stick' (Mong.-Ur.; -PḲ- is unreliable); 1020 *ḳok(w)V 'hook, tooth, fang' (Kartv. + IE *kog- + Ur. + Drav. + incorr. Alt.). Cf. *ḳUjḳV.
Eurasiatic: *gUlV
Meaning: laugh, merry
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *ghlew-
Altaic: Turk. *gül- 'laugh'
References: ND 707 *gUǯl̄U 'to laugh, amuse' (+ very dub. SH).
Eurasiatic: *gUĺV
Meaning: eyebrow
Altaic: *gi̯ṓĺV
Uralic: *kuĺma Stelle über od. neben den Augen:Augenwinkel, -hügel, braue, Schläfe, Stirn
References: Suggested by V. Glumov.
Eurasiatic: *gu[nH]i
Meaning: to think
Altaic: *gū̀no
Uralic: *kunta-lV- 'hear, listen' ?
Kartvelian: *gon-
Eskimo-Aleut: *uniɣ-ǝʁ(-), *uniɣ-paʁ- (?)
References: МССНЯ 339, ОСНЯ 1, 234; ND 640 *gun̄[h]i (+Eg.).
Eurasiatic: *gunV
Meaning: hack
Indo-European: *gʷhen-
Altaic: *guna
Uralic: *kunta 'catch, hunt' ?
Kartvelian: *gun-
Eskimo-Aleut: *una- ?
References: МССНЯ 352.
Eurasiatic: *gUŋV
Meaning: a k. of insect
Altaic: *goŋV(ŕV)
Dravidian: *guŋVr-
Eurasiatic: *gUrV
Meaning: burn, hot coals
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *gʷher- 'burn, hot coals'
Altaic: *gUrV 'burn, hot coals' (Turk. *Kōr, Manch. gurgi] ? or Turk. *Kɨŕ- 'to be warm, hot'
Uralic: *korta
References: ОСНЯ 1, 239; ND (w/o Ur.) 686 *goŕE 'hot, to heat, embers'; 687 *gi/e(y)ŕV 'fire, hearth' (hardly distinguishable, since Ur. *kerV has to be separated, see *ḳVrV); 1195 *ḲoRṭV 'flame' (dub. parallels for Ural. korta). Cf. *kVwrV.
Eurasiatic: *GurV
Meaning: liquid
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *(a)wer-
Altaic: *ūrV- 'течь, лить' (Poppe 102, KW 457)
Uralic: *irV- (*ürV-) (+ ObU *wūrVy 'river-bed') (cf. also *jur-ma 'deep place in water', *jirV (*jürV) id., *järwä 'sea'?)
Kartvelian: *ɣwer-
Dravidian: *ū̆r- (cf. also *ūr- 381); var_- 'overflow, flow, leak' (DEDR 5296), *var_- 'flood' 1723; *ir- food 334
Comments: A lot of confusion here: cf. *Huwa
References: МССНЯ 341; Dolg. ND 70 *ʔuRE (*ʔüRV) 'drink, swallow' (Ural. + Mong. örübki- 'gobble, swallow' + ?? Eg. ỉr 'eat'); 740 *Guru 'to flow, stream'; 2509 *warV 'stream of water'; 2517 *w[a]qrV 'to rain, drip'. [For some forms cf. also *wVrV 'intoxicated'].
Eurasiatic: *gUrV
Meaning: to understand, see
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *gʷhren- (+ *gʷhrē- 1772)
Altaic: *gŏ̀re
Kartvelian: *gar-
Dravidian: *gur_- (*-d_-)
Eskimo-Aleut: *irǝ
References: ND 660 *g[ü]ʕrV 'to look, look for' (Kartv.+differ.IE+Alt.+Drav.), 674a *goR[X]E 'to track, smell, hear' (IE +SH).
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Total of 2077 records 104 pages

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