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Nostratic etymology :

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Total of 2077 records 104 pages

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Eurasiatic: *gaLV
Meaning: sky, wind
Altaic: *gălV
Dravidian: *gāḷ-
Eurasiatic: *galV
Meaning: to be able
Indo-European: *g(h)alǝ-
Altaic: *gaĺi
Kartvelian: ? *gangal-
Dravidian: *gel-
References: ND 868 *ka[h]lV 'power, force, be able': compares IE with SDr. *kali 'strength, force' + Sem.
Eurasiatic: *ganc`V
Meaning: aquatic bird
Indo-European: *g'hans-
Altaic: *gaso ( ~ -i)
Uralic: *kaćV ~ ? *kańćV (cf. also *koskV )
Kartvelian: ? Laz. ḳinč- 'bird'
References: ND 635 *g[ä]mśa 'bird, waterfowl'.
Eurasiatic: *gaŋV
Meaning: to call, explain
Altaic: *găŋi ( ~ -i̯a-)
Uralic: *kanV (*kaŋV)
Eskimo-Aleut: *kaŋi-ʁ- ?
References: ND 647 *güʕaŋ[o] 'voice, to produce a sound' (TM-Ur.; also listing many onomatopoeia in various families).
Eurasiatic: *gara
Meaning: wing; arm
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *gàrá ( ~ -e-)
Dravidian: *gar_-
Eskimo-Aleut: *arɣa
Eurasiatic: *Garḳu
Meaning: to bend
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *arkʷ-
Kartvelian: *ɣreḳ- / ɣriḳ-
Dravidian: *or_-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *harъcъŋ-
Comments: Evidence for a root without *G-: Krt. *ark- 'крутить' (8); Alt. *erk`a 'to wrap, tie; lasso' (1153). IE form maybe here; Sem. *`arq- 'sinew, bow-string'. Nivkh. *qori 'накрениться', *χori 'наклонить'.
References: МССНЯ 336, ОСНЯ 1, 240; ND 149 *ʡaŕḲ[u] 'sinew, bow-string'; ND 743 *ɣ[o]rḳo/u 'bend, be bent/crooked' (Kartv., IE, Drav. + Sem.).
Eurasiatic: *garV
Meaning: branch, stick out
Indo-European: *ghrān- (*gherǝ-?)
Altaic: *gằŕ[à]
Uralic: *kara (BF)
Dravidian: *gaṛ-
References: ОСНЯ 1, 226, МССНЯ 369; ND 669 *garHä 'sharp bough, sharp stick' (+ Chad.).
Eurasiatic: *gatu
Meaning: hoof, paw
Altaic: *gàtù
Uralic: *kowtV (?)
Dravidian: *geṭ-
Comments: [Here perhaps PIE *ghed- and PU *käte].
Eurasiatic: *gebV-
Meaning: cover, shell
Altaic: *gébó
Dravidian: *gaviseṇ-
Eurasiatic: *gedV
Meaning: back
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *ĝhed- 'podex, caccare' (Pok. 423) ?
Altaic: *gedi
Kartvelian: ? *ked- 'neck'
References: МССНЯ 342, ОССНЯ 1б 227-228; ND 601 *[g]edi 'nape of neck; hinder part' (Alt.: Kartv.).
Eurasiatic: *gejV
Meaning: to leave, throw (away)
Indo-European: *ǵhē- (*ǵhē(i)-, cf. also hinoti, Av. zaena)
Uralic: *kaja
References: ND 700 *gähya 'throw, leave, let' (part of IE + Ur. + Sem.).
Eurasiatic: *gEpčwV
Meaning: paw, hand
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *g'hes-
Altaic: *k`i̯ū̀ča
Uralic: *kipsV (*küpsV, *käpsä)
References: ND 653 *gä[p]sA 'paw, hand' (w/o Alt. +very weak Chad.).
Eurasiatic: *gErsV ( ~ -š-)
Meaning: to grow numb
Indo-European: *g'hors- / *g'hers-
Uralic: FU *kärs/šV 'grow numb'
References: ND 682 *gERs̄V 'to congeal, go numb' (+ Berb.).
Eurasiatic: *gErV
Meaning: enclosure, yard
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *g(')hort-
Altaic: *gĕrV
Uralic: Perm. *kar 'settlement'
Kartvelian: ? Georg. da-v-h-gurgur-eb 'ich hege um'
References: ND 659 *ge(ʕV)rV 'to fence around, encircle; enclosed place'.
Eurasiatic: *gerV
Meaning: to hold
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *g'her[e]-, *g'hrē-
Uralic: *kärte
Eurasiatic: *gewV
Meaning: empty
Indo-European: *g'hēy(w)-, *g'hyā(w)-
Altaic: *gĕbo
Uralic: *kawa 'rise to the surface' (?)
Comments: [Cf. *kVṗV, with some confusion]
Eurasiatic: *gicwV ( ~ -c`w-)
Meaning: be agitated, injured
Indo-European: *g'heis-, *g'h[e]izd-
Uralic: *kičV
Dravidian: *gās-i
References: ND 596 *gič̣V 'to injure, irritate' (+ Sem. and dub. Chad.) (but in 690 *g[ä]yŝVʔ/ʕa 'be frightened' the IE form is compared with Mong. *gasa-la-, TM *gasa- 'be grieved, worry'?).
Eurasiatic: *gi[ɫ]ħu
Meaning: glittering
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *g'hel- , *ghel-
Altaic: *gilE
Uralic: BF *kīl- 'glitter'
Dravidian: *kiḷ- (?)
References: МССНЯ 330, 335, ОСНЯ 1, 229-230; ND 624 *gil̄[h]u 'shine, glitter'.
Eurasiatic: *gIlu
Meaning: curved
Indo-European: *g'hu̯el-
Altaic: *gilu ( ~ -o, -a)
Eurasiatic: *gilV
Meaning: painful state, grief
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *g'hal-
Altaic: *gi̯òlo
Uralic: ? *kolja
Kartvelian: *gl-
Dravidian: *gōḷ- 'grief' (+ *gil-i)
References: МССНЯ 331 (+337 Drav.-Kartv.), ОСНЯ 1, 229; ND 612 *giL[U] (or *giyoL[U]) 'illness, pain, distress' (Alt.-Kartv.-IE + Sem.); 625 *goḷ/ĺ[.]V 'to weep' (?). In Alt. cf. also PT *Kɨla-ɣu 'болезнь скота' (?).
Total of 2077 records 104 pages

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