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Nostratic etymology :

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Total of 2077 records 104 pages

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\data\nostr\nostret
Eurasiatic: *č`VṗV
Meaning: to sink
Borean: Borean
Altaic: Mong. čib- 'sink, become submerged' (in TM partially merged with the reflexes of *č`i̯op`è 'water vessel'); ? Turk. *čübit 'dye-stuff'
Uralic: *čeppV
References: ND 430 *č̣e(y)ṗV 'sink, immerse, flow'; 328 *ć̣u/üb(V)GV 'to dip in'.
Eurasiatic: *č`VrV
Meaning: to care
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *sterg-, *sterk- (Pok. 1032)
Uralic: *čarkke 'think, ponder' (under 'fork'!)
Kartvelian: *č̣ir-
References: ОСНЯ 1, 210-211; ND 432 *č̣iRV 'look after, guard'.
Eurasiatic: *č`wV[č]V
Meaning: be born; young of animals
Altaic: *ši̯ṓč`ko
Uralic: *čačV ~ *čančV-
Kartvelian: Georg. č̣ič̣q̇ina 'young fish, fry'
Comments: Assimilation in Ur.
References: ND 415 *č̣Vč̣χ/ɣV.
Eurasiatic: *[č`w]VHḳV
Meaning: a k. of bird
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *si̯ŭ̀[k]i ( ~ *š-)
Uralic: *śOkćV
Kartvelian: *čxiḳw-
Comments: Yupik *cǝɣuʁ-a- ~ *ǝcɣuʁ-a-. Expected *č- in Ur. (assimilation?)
Eurasiatic: *č`wVHrtV
Meaning: a k. of bird
Indo-European: *(s)trozd-
Altaic: *šĕ̀rčú
Kartvelian: *čxar(š)tw-
Eurasiatic: *č`wVḳV
Meaning: goitre
Altaic: *šek`a
Kartvelian: *čiq̇w-
Eurasiatic: *č`wVṗV
Meaning: finger, claw
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *ši̯op`a
Uralic: *čuppV 'finger'
References: ND 427 *č̣oṗV(RV) 'finger-nail, claw'.
Eurasiatic: *dalq[u] ?
Meaning: wave
Indo-European: ? Gr. thálassa
Altaic: *dā́la
Dravidian: *tal- (?)
References: МССНЯ 334, ОСНЯ 1, 216-217, ND 526 *dalqu - all extremely dubious.
Eurasiatic: *dalV
Meaning: sweet
Indo-European: *dluk(')-, *dulk(')-
Altaic: *dalo
Dravidian: *tāḷ- (?)
References: ND 520 *daḷV 'tasty, sweet' (IE + Alt. + Drav. *tāḷ- 'to season, seasoning' + very weak EChad.).
Eurasiatic: *dalV
Meaning: shoulder
Indo-European: *dhel-bhā 'upper arm' (Balt.) Pok. 1, 246
Altaic: *dā́lV ( ~ -ē-) 'shoulderblade, nape'
References: Дыбо 1989, 1996
Eurasiatic: *darV
Meaning: bad, dirty
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *dher(ǝ)-
Kartvelian: *dar-
Dravidian: *dar- (?)
References: Cf. ND 563 *dUr[ʔ]V 'dirt' (IE) and 563a *dArʡV 'ashes' (Drav.).
Eurasiatic: *darV
Meaning: to freeze, get stiff with cold
Altaic: *dari ( ~ t-)
Uralic: *tarV
References: ND 561 *dä[y]RV ~ *da[y]RE 'to be(come) stiff / firm' (Mong.-Ural., with unreliable IE and Arab. darīr-).
Eurasiatic: *dekO
Meaning: to burn
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *dhegʷh- 'burn' (Pok. 240-241)
Altaic: *dĕ́ka
Kartvelian: *dag-
Dravidian: *dag-
Eskimo-Aleut: *ǝkǝ(-) ?
References: МССНЯ 337; ND 511 *d[A]k[o] (or -g-) 'to burn' (+ very dubious SH).
Eurasiatic: *delpV
Meaning: to burst, dig
Indo-European: *dhelbh-
Altaic: *dĕ̀lp`i
References: ND 527 *däLbV 'to gauge, dig, cut through' (Mong.-IE).
Eurasiatic: *dilV
Meaning: sun, light
Indo-European: *dhel- (WP 1, 865)
Altaic: *dĭ̀lo
Uralic: cf. Komi de̮la bi 'очень жаркий, палящий' (VO), de̮lal- (S Lu. V) '(von ferne) glänzen, leuchten' (Redei 518)
Kartvelian: *dil-
References: ОСНЯ 1, 220, МССНЯ 366; ND 521 *dil̄a 'sunshine, daylight, bright' (Kartv+IE+Alt + incorr. Drav. *teḷ- + SCush.).
Eurasiatic: *dō̆re
Meaning: to be near
Altaic: *dōre
Kartvelian: *dar-
Dravidian: *dor_-
References: ND 553 *duri 'to go, walk' compares Alt. and WSem. *dwr- 'roam, wander about' (?).
Eurasiatic: *dUgV
Meaning: to fit, be good
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *dheugh-
Altaic: *di̯òge
Kartvelian: Georg. gamo-dg- 'be useful, fit' (if not < 'stand')
References: ND 503 *d[ü]ga.
Eurasiatic: *duHlV
Meaning: warm, soft
Altaic: *di̯ū̀lu
Kartvelian: *dɣul- (*dɣl-)
Eurasiatic: *dUlV
Meaning: deaf
Altaic: *dū́li
Uralic: ObU *t[U]ḷV 'mad'
Kartvelian: *dura-
References: МССНЯ 336, ОСНЯ 1, 223; ND 525 (Alt.+FU+Arab. dlh-); Kartv. *dura is separated (ND 558 *dURV 'deaf' and compared with Berb. *ḍrḍr ? and some scattered Cush. and Chad. forms).
Eurasiatic: *durV
Meaning: hole
Indo-European: *dhwer-
Kartvelian: *dur-
Dravidian: *tūr_- (*tor_- 'hole' - Bomhard 1996, 214)
References: ND 556 *durV 'hole, hollow'.
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Total of 2077 records 104 pages

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Back: 1
Forward: 1 20 50

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