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Nostratic etymology :

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Total of 2077 records 104 pages

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\data\nostr\nostret
Eurasiatic: *c`UtV
Meaning: a k. of liquid
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *ksu̯eid-
Altaic: *si̯ū́t`i (~ -t-)
Uralic: *sOtV 'Fett, Talg (des Rentiers)' [cf. also *šōδe 'flow, penetrate through a hole']
Kartvelian: *ć̣wet-
Dravidian: *Coṭ-
References: ND 368 *c̣otV (Kartv. + Drav. + Arab. sadā 'night dew'); 2131 *süt(y)V 'to drink, suck; milk' (IE + Alt + Sem + Svan. -šdm- 'drink'?). Cf. *C̣uńtV.
Eurasiatic: *c`Vč`V
Meaning: herd
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *sési 'deer, wild animal'
Uralic: *ćačV 'Herde'
Eurasiatic: *c`VgV
Meaning: wart
Altaic: *si̯òge
Uralic: *ćikl( ́)ä (ćükl( ́)ä)
Eurasiatic: *c`VgV
Meaning: to put, spread
Altaic: *ségì ( ~ z-)
Kartvelian: *c̣q̇(w)-
Eurasiatic: *c`VHrV
Meaning: to suffer
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: ?*s(w)ergh-
Altaic: *siŕu ( ~ -o)
Uralic: *śure [cf. also *ćärke ]
Kartvelian: *ć̣q̇ar-
References: ND 360 *c̣äGrV̄ 'be in pain, feel hurt' (Kartv.-Ur. ćärke +?Turk. *čer).
Eurasiatic: *c`VjḳV
Meaning: to curse
Altaic: *sṓjk`ì
Kartvelian: *ć̣q̇(ew)-
References: Cf. *sVḳV.
Eurasiatic: *c`VjḳV
Meaning: elbow, forearm
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *č`ak`e
Uralic: Khant. săg(-ǝńt́) 'back side of leg, foot', Saam. čæwɣa 'hock' (GE 43)
Kartvelian: *ć̣q̇rta
References: ND 356 *c̣aq̇(a)[ĺ]V (or *c̣aq̇V) 'elbow, part of a limb' (Kartv.-Alt.)
Eurasiatic: *c`VḳV
Meaning: jump
Indo-European: *skek-
Altaic: *sāki ? (cf. also *č`ukV)
Uralic: *ćäkće
Kartvelian: *sḳin- ( ? < *cḳ-)
Dravidian: *so-k- (?)
References: ND 310 *ćäq̇V 'to jump up' compares the Ural. form rather with Megr. coʕ- 'walk in a jumping gait' (as well to Turk. čɨq- < *tašɨq- 'go out' and Sem. *nsḳ- 'go up'??).
Eurasiatic: *c`VmrV
Meaning: to wink, eyelid
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *sarumV ( ~ z-, -ŕ-)
Kartvelian: ? *c̣am- (or *ć̣arb- 223?)
Dravidian: *śim-
References: ND 342 *ć̣[i]mV 'eyelid, blink' (Kartv., Drav. + ?Sem, Cush).
Eurasiatic: *[c`]V(n)[c`]V
Meaning: to follow, walk
Altaic: *s[i̯ó]č`i
Uralic: *čančV- ~ *čačV-
Comments: Cf. *cUncV ( ~ c`).
Eurasiatic: *c`VnV
Meaning: dog harness
Indo-European: ? *swendh-
Altaic: *sŏ̀nu
Uralic: *ćinV (ćenV)
References: ND 345 *c̣en̄V 'to tie, bind, plait' compares Ur. with Kartv. *ć̣an- / ć̣n- 'to plait; twig', and further - with SH *c̣n- 'tie; basket'.
Eurasiatic: *c`VrV
Meaning: harsh, ragged
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *sker-
Altaic: Mong. sirügü 'rough, rugged' (or *č`era 287?)
Uralic: *ćarV
Kartvelian: *cer-
Dravidian: SDr *čar- (2018) + Kui srogu, srāmbu
References: ОСНЯ 1, 205, МССНЯ 372, ND 311 *ćarV 'hard/firm, hardened crust'.
Eurasiatic: *c`VrV
Meaning: finger, hand(ful)
Altaic: *sire; (cf. also TM *čara-tkī 'toe, finger')
Uralic: *sorV~ *sorV-śV (cf. also *śurme 'fist', *sorme 'finger')
Kartvelian: *ćer-
Dravidian: *sjēr[_]-
References: ND 314 *ca(we)RV (w/o Ur.; with very dubious SH matches); Ur. is compared under 2752 *ʒ/zorV 'hand, span' with dub. Drav. and SH matches.
Eurasiatic: *c`VrV
Meaning: dirt
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *k'er- (rather *(s)ḱer-)
Altaic: *si̯ắŕi
Uralic: *śarV~ (*ćarV) (cf. also *śuri )
Dravidian: *saṛap-
References: ND 318 *ć[ä]ŕV 'dirt, dung, defecate' (+ Mhr. syr); ND 2125 *śihaŕu 'dirt, earth' (same Ural. + Alt. + same Drav. + ?IE *sroup- + Arab., Eg.).
Eurasiatic: *c`VXV ?
Meaning: to bite, break
Altaic: *sī́ju ( ~ -o)
Kartvelian: *ćox-
Eurasiatic: *[c`w]VṗV
Meaning: to suck
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *sūp-
Altaic: *ši̯úp`ù
Kartvelian: ? *c̣ob- (cf. also Svan. zweb- 'eat')
Dravidian: cub-
Comments: Expected *ć̣ in Kartv.
Eurasiatic: *c`wVxjV
Meaning: thorn
Indo-European: *ksu̯oi-, *sku̯oj-
Altaic: *ši̯ū̀jò
Uralic: *šuje ~ *šoje
Kartvelian: *cxw-
Dravidian: *sī- 'thorn' (??)
Eskimo-Aleut: *ciʁu-nǝʁ
References: МССНЯ 372, ОСНЯ 1, 197; ND 332 *ć̣uyɣa 'thorn' (Kartv.+IE+TM, but incorrect Turk.+Drav.; ?? + Arab. muṣaʕʕan 'terminé en pointe').
Eurasiatic: *čajV ( ~ *č`-)
Meaning: stone, sand
Indo-European: *stoi̯ǝ-
Altaic: *č`ā́jV ( ~ -ē-)
Eurasiatic: *čiKV ( ~ *č`-)?
Meaning: to cut, prick
Indo-European: *(s)teig-
Kartvelian: *čičk- 'dig'; *čečk- 'peck, split'
Dravidian: *cī- ?; *ček- 'scrape; splinter, chip'
Comments: Cf. *CoḳV, *čVḳV
References: ND 382 *čika 'prick, split' (IE-Kartv. čičk- -Drav. *cī-); 444 *ĉEčkV 'crush, split' (Kartv. *čečk- + Drav. *ček- + Sem.). [For Drav. *cī- cf. perhaps rather Georg. čeχ- 'chop (wood), split' - in ND 402 *čiq[U] or *čiχ[U] compared with some WChad. and Eg. forms].
Eurasiatic: *čilV
Meaning: light
Indo-European: ? *stilp-, -b-
Altaic: *č`i̯ṓli ( ~ -e, *č`i̯ā́lo) 'grey, light'
Uralic: *ćOlkV- ~ *ćElkV-
Comments: Cf. *CVlV.
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Total of 2077 records 104 pages

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