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Nostratic etymology :

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Total of 2077 records 104 pages

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\data\nostr\nostret
Eurasiatic: *[z]OntV
Meaning: детеныш, рожать
Altaic: *zū̀nti
Uralic: *sente
Dravidian: *sānḍ-
Comments: Cf. *CVxnV. [Still irregular - we would expect Ur. *ś - unless PA has a diphthong?] [?IE *stādh-?]
Eurasiatic: *zUdV ( ~ ž-)
Meaning: long hair
Altaic: *zodgV
Dravidian: *ǯuṭ-
Eurasiatic: *zUkV
Meaning: to ferment, squeeze juice
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *s[e]uk-
Altaic: *zi̯úko
Comments: Cf. also PA *sŭ́ku 'scoop', *sógà'drunken'; PFU *šukštV 'wash'; *šakče 'vessel, boat'.
References: ND 2036 *s̄UḲV 'to drink, suck' compares IE with Alt. *ši̯ṑgV 'juice'.
Eurasiatic: *zVcwxV
Meaning: fire
Borean: Borean
Altaic: ? *súču ( ~ *si̯účo, *z-)
Uralic: ? *čittV; FP *ć[i]šV 'scorch, burn' (in ND 2762)
Kartvelian: *ʒećx-
Dravidian: *cic-
References: ND 2705a *[ʒ́]VcχaLV 'fire, burning wood' (Kartv. + Mong.); 2762 *ʒ́išV 'fire' (FP + Kartv + ?Eg.).
Eurasiatic: *zVgnV
Meaning: sleeve, arm
Altaic: *zi̯ognV
Uralic: *seŋkV (*säŋkV)
Eurasiatic: *[z]VɣlV ?
Meaning: dog, fur animal
Altaic: *sólukV ( ~ z-, -ĺ-, -ak-, -k`-) ? Cf. also *si̯alo(-kV)
Kartvelian: *ʒ́aɣl-
Dravidian: *ǯā[v]il-
Comments: Expected *z- in Kartv. (unless PA had a diphthong).
References: ND 2728 *ʒaɣiĺ/ḷV (Kartv., Drav. + Arab., Sa-Af.?). Cf. also PAfAs *si/ulal- 'wild feline animal'?
Eurasiatic: *zVktV
Meaning: thigh, shank
Indo-European: *s[e]kt- (/? *sk[e]kt-) (-th-)
Altaic: *zi̯ŏ́gtu
References: ND 2661 *ZEgutV 'thigh, leg' (Alt. + ??Hitt. egdu, igdu 'leg' + dub. Arab.).
Eurasiatic: *zVḳV
Meaning: to plait, smth. plaited
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *suk- ?
Altaic: *zakt`i
Uralic: *śäktV
Kartvelian: *sḳw-
References: Hegedűs 1990, 99 (IE+Ur + PSH *saḳ-); ND 2031 *śäk(V)ʔu 'to plait, tie, bind, wicker'; 2663 *źäḳU 'to tie up' (same Kartv., Ur. + Sem.).
Eurasiatic: *zVlV
Meaning: to tear out, uproot
Indo-European: *sel(w)-
Altaic: *zi̯ŭldu (? *'uproot')
Uralic: (Ugor. *ŝil/ḷV 'acquire' )
Kartvelian: *ʒ́al- / *ʒ́el- (cf. also *c̣il- 176)
Dravidian: SDR *sol-i- 2413
Comments: For Kartv. *ʒ́al- 'strong' cf. perhaps Alt. *zelo (AD);
References: Долгопольский 1972, 170; ND 2194 *ŝil̄u 'to take, take away' (IE, FU, dub. Drav. + Sem.), 2796 *ʒ̂[U]lħu 'take, take away, pull out' (Kartv. + differ. Alt. + Drav. + Arab.).
Eurasiatic: *zVmV
Meaning: loins, groin
Borean: Borean
Altaic: ? PA *zamU (Turk. *jạmɨŕ, Mong. *sami) 'groin'
Uralic: *ćVjmV (śVjmV)
Dravidian: ? *Coṇṭ-
References: ND 2068 *śVymV(-ṭV) 'hips, loins' (Mong.+Ur.+Drav. + Sem.).
Eurasiatic: *zVnV
Meaning: year, old
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *senʌ-
Altaic: Turk. *jün- (*jön-)
Uralic: ? *soŋkV
Kartvelian: *ʒ́w(en)-
Dravidian: *čeṇ-
References: МССНЯ 337; Долгопольский 1972, 167; ND 2075 *s̄[e]nV 'long time, year' (IE+Drav+SH); 2743 *ʒoŋE ~ *ʒon̄E 'old' (Kartv. + Ur. + Turk.).
Eurasiatic: *zVNV
Meaning: night, sleep
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *si̯ono ( ~ z-)
Kartvelian: *ʒ́in-
Dravidian: *cint-
Eskimo-Aleut: *cinǝɣ-
References: Долгопольский 1972, 167. Cf. also PA *ǯi̯ṑŋè 'dream, echo'; PK *zm- 'dream' (?) [see *zVm(ŋ)V]. ND 2076 *śi/üNV(-kV) 'dark, night' (Alt., dub. IE + SH); 2737 *ʒiħNV 'to lie down, sleep' (Kartv. + SH).
Eurasiatic: *zVṗV ( ~ ž)
Meaning: to hold in mouth
Altaic: *zep`i
Dravidian: *sap-
Eurasiatic: *zVr(d)V ( ~ *ʒ-)
Meaning: to grow
Borean: Borean
Uralic: *serä
Kartvelian: *zard- / zrd-
Dravidian: SDr *Seṛ- 'fertile; to flourish'
References: ND 2686 *z[e]ŕdV 'to grow, feed, rear' (? + IE *ordh-).
Eurasiatic: *[z]VrV
Meaning: cold
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *srīg(')-
Altaic: *saŕi
Uralic: *śarV ?
Kartvelian: *źr-; ??? Svan. sḳarχ- 'hail'
Comments: Expected *z- in Kartv.
References: ND 2120 *śVriχKa 'cold' (+ HEC); 2683 *ź/ʒ́[i]R.V 'be very cold' (same Ur. + Kartv. *źr-).
Eurasiatic: *zwVrgV
Meaning: back
Indo-European: *(s)tergʷh-
Altaic: *si̯ŏ̀gdú ( ~ z-) '(spinal) sinew'
Kartvelian: Georg. zurg- 'back (dorsum)'
Comments: Other "skin" words: PA *si̯aku ( ~ z-) 'chaff, husks'; PFU *śuka 'bark; skin'.
References: ND 2660 *źVgErV 'back (dorsum)' (somewhat confused Alt.; + Berb.; w/o IE). Cf. *śVKV.
Eurasiatic: *ʒajŋa ?
Meaning: burn, shine
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: (*senk- 'to burn, dry')
Altaic: *ǯi̯àjna
Uralic: *śine (cf. also *säŋV)
Dravidian: *ǯaŋ- (?)
Eskimo-Aleut: *anǝʁ ?
References: ND 2736 *ʒ́En̄V 'to burn, live coal, fire' (Alt., Ur.).
Eurasiatic: *ʒaĺV
Meaning: slime
Indo-European: *sal-
Altaic: *ǯā́lV
Dravidian: SDR *Caḷ-i 'mucus' (2066; Tam.-Mal.)? [?? or *djol- 74]
Comments: Cf. *SVlV.
References: МССНЯ 365; ND 2730 *ʒ́aĺXV (TM + diff. Turk. + Drav., IE + Sem.).
Eurasiatic: *ʒalwV
Meaning: to bind
Altaic: *ǯắlo 'to fasten, bind, hang'
Uralic: *śalV
Kartvelian: *zalw-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *'sъlɣʷa-
Eurasiatic: *ʒaTV ( ~ ǯ-)
Meaning: spread
Altaic: *ǯādV
Dravidian: *ǯāḍ- (??) or *čaṭ- (615)
References: МССНЯ 359; ND 2774 *ǯaʡdV 'to spread, be flat' (+ Arab.).
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