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Nostratic etymology :

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\data\nostr\nostret
Eurasiatic: *[s]iKV
Meaning: thick, congeal
Uralic: *śikV (but cf. PA *sĭ̀gó 'thick growth'?)
Dravidian: *ǯig-
Comments: Consonants unclear, perhaps because of root confusion.
References: ND 478 *ĉ̣iḲV 'tight, narrow, dense' (partially also 2192 *ŝiḲU 'to get cold, cool' - same Ural. in both cases; Alt. *ši̯ogo 'cold' and SSem. *šḳḳ- hardly belong here). ND 478 compares SH *ṣ̂Vḳ- 'narrow, tight'; but if the original meaning was 'thick, congeal' cf. NC *č̣Hɨ̆xq̇wẮ 'resin'?). Cf. *sVḳV.
Eurasiatic: *siKV
Meaning: interval
Altaic: *sĭ̀gà
Uralic: *seka
Eurasiatic: *siLV
Meaning: wetness, wet place
Uralic: *siδ́V
Dravidian: *čil-
Comments: Same root as *sVlV?
References: Hegedűs 1990, 98 (IE *sil- Mann 1124 + Ur. + Cush. *Si̯Al-); 2143 *siẑV 'stream, small body of water' (+ IE q.v. sub *ColV).
Eurasiatic: *silV
Meaning: to see, inspect
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *sili ( ~ *z-, -e)
Uralic: *śilmä (cf. also *silV )
Comments: [Alt. *sili : Ur. *silV is a better match, phonetically and semantically]
References: ND 2202 (+ Celt. *sul- 'eye'?)
Eurasiatic: *sipV ( ~ š-)
Meaning: sprinkle
Indo-European: *seip- (Pok. 894)
Altaic: *sĕpa ( ~ -o) (cf. also *săp`í 1921)
References: МССНЯ 349; ND 2099 *s̄ipV 'to pour, drizzle, filter' (IE + some Alt. + Sem., ?Eg.).
Eurasiatic: *SirV
Meaning: sinew; root
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *ser-
Altaic: *si̯ŏ̀rme + *či̯uŕu 'string' 253; *sĭra 'to sew together' 2017; *ši̯ŭru 'beads' 2185; *ǯḗro 'edge, row' 2594; *sēri 'embroidery' 2718
Uralic: *särV + *śerV 'Reihe, Ordnung' 971; *š[e]rmV 'sinew, thread'; FP *śerwV 'blood-vessel' (cf. also Khanty J лŏrt, Ko. turt 'Wurzel' - Redei 784); *śermVtti 'halter'
Kartvelian: *ʒ́ir-; Georg. šar- 'row'; *swer- 'row' 974
Dravidian: *sīr (?); *čàraḍ- 231; SDr *sur-i- 'to string'
Comments: Prob. many roots: cf. also Alt. *siŋri (764); PU *jure 'Wurzel(ende)' (also Yuk. *jerǝmǝ 'log'?); PK *ʒ́arɣw- 'sinew' (see Долгопольский 1972, 165) [+ *ʒ́ir- 'root' 1280?].
References: МССНЯ 341; ND 2106 *säru 'sinew, fibre' (IE + Ur + Alt *siŋri); 2107 *śeRV 'row' (Ur. *śerV + IE *ser- + Sem. *šVwr-; Georg. šar- is regarded as < Sem.); 2171 *š[e]R(V)mu 'sinew, root' (Alt. *si̯ŏ̀rme - Ur. *š[e]rmV + Chad.); 2802 *ʒ̂irGu/ü 'vein, sinew' (Kartv. *ʒ́arɣw-, Ur. *śerwV + IE *ser- + SH); 2803 *ʒ̂irwV 'root' (Kartv. *ʒ́ir- + Drav. *sīr- + SH). This all has to be sorted out.
Eurasiatic: *[s]iwV
Meaning: smear
Altaic: *sípa
Uralic: *śawe (+ *śojwa 985)
Kartvelian: *sw-
Comments: Expected back vowel in Alt.
References: МССНЯ 348. (2 roots? : for FU *śojwa cf. ND 2011 *śah[i]bV?); ND 2013 *śab[ʔ]V 'clay' (+ Chad., Cush.?); 2138 *śiw[ʡ]a ~ *śiwGa 'to smear (with clay)' (Kartv., Alt. + dub. SH).
Eurasiatic: *si̯aχu (-ɣ-)
Meaning: sun
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *sāu̯ĕ-l- / *său̯ĕ-n-
Altaic: *si̯ŏ̀gu
Kartvelian: Georg., Svan. sχiv- 'ray'
Eskimo-Aleut: *ciqi-n
References: МССНЯ 366; ND 2136 *s̄i[h]wV 'sun' (TM : Arab. zhw 'shine (lamp), Eg. sw 'day, time'?); 2187 *ŝVɣV 'ray' (Kartv. + Arab. šuʕʕ- 'rays').
Eurasiatic: *sogwV ( ~ š-)
Meaning: harm, deceive
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *seug-
Altaic: *sṑk`e ( ~ -i)
Dravidian: *sōk-
Eurasiatic: *soʎV
Meaning: separate
Altaic: *salo ( ~ *z-)
Uralic: *śōδ́a 'separate from herd' (Coll. 58)
Dravidian: *cōṭV 'run away' (DED 184; actually PGn *soṇ-) or *sal- 'go'
References: МССНЯ 353.
Eurasiatic: *son/H/V
Meaning: sinew
Indo-European: *senew-, *snēw- <PIH *sH->
Altaic: *sūnu
Uralic: *se̮ne (*sōne) [but for Alt. cf. rather *sintä 'stretch' ]; cf. also *säŋä 'thread'
References: МССНЯ 341; ND 2081 *son[Vq][ü] 'sinew, tendon; root' (IE+Ur+ differ. Alt. + East Cush.).
Eurasiatic: *soŕwV ( ~ *š-)
Meaning: to speak
Indo-European: *s(w)er- (Pok. 1049)
Altaic: *si̯uŕe (cf. also *sṓra 2120)
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *cɨrvɨt
References: МССНЯ 337; ND 2124 *SUŕV ~ *SoŕE 'to speak, declare' (+ WChad, Eg).
Eurasiatic: *sujV
Meaning: to bend
Indo-European: *swei- 'to bend' (Pok. 1041-1042)
Uralic: *[ś]ujV 'to bend' (Donner 2, 92)
References: МССНЯ 336.
Eurasiatic: *sUḳV
Meaning: meat, deer
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *sūku
Kartvelian: Georg. suḳ- 'fillet, beefsteak'
Dravidian: ? Tel. *ciy- 'flesh, muscle', Gdb. seg id.
References: Blazhek LB, ND 2188a *ŝü/iKV 'flesh, meat' (differ. Alt.).
Eurasiatic: *SulV
Meaning: loose
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *(s)leu- (Pok. 962-963); cf. *seil- 2383
Altaic: *sṓlo; Mong. silirke- 'be lazy'
Uralic: BF *š/čilya- 'quiet, slow'
Kartvelian: ? *ćal-
Dravidian: *zoḷ- 'empty, carious'; + SDr *čuḷ- 'light'
Comments: (cf. *culV)
References: МССНЯ 351. 2 or more roots?: cf. ND 297 *coḷ/ĺV 'become empty' (Kartv. - Drav. *zoḷ-); 2050 *s̄uḷ[u] 'lax, loose, slack' (Alt.+IE+Drav. *čuḷ- + Sem., ?Eg.); 2154 *šiLV 'quiet' (Ur. + Mong. + SH).
Eurasiatic: *sun(d)V ( ~ š-)
Meaning: to dry up, extinguish
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *swendh-
Altaic: ? *si̯ū́ni
Dravidian: *Cunḍ-
References: МССНЯ 367; ND 2079 *s̄un̄E 'to disappear, finish' (Turk., Mong., Jap. + Drav., IE + ?Sem.); 2084 *SundV 'dry up' (IE+Drav).
Eurasiatic: *sun(g)V
Meaning: smell
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: (*sneu-)
Altaic: *saŋu(ńV) ( ~ z-) [Cf. also Mong. siŋsi- 'sniff' ]
Uralic: *śaŋkV (+ Perm. *su/üŋV 'smell'; *säŋe 'air' )
Kartvelian: *św-en- (?) (+ Georg. sun- 'smell, odour')
References: МССНЯ 342. ND 2080 *s[ü]NV 'breathe, take a rest, be calm' (Kartv. + TM from PA *zìŋke 'light, quiet' + Eg.); 2090 *süŋe 'to smell' (Kartv. + Mong. siŋsi- + Ural.). Cf. *SUNV.
Eurasiatic: *sUŋV
Meaning: a k. of onion
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *sokŋV
Uralic: *suŋ(V-)lV, *šuŋ(V-)lV
Eurasiatic: *sUŋV
Meaning: enter, sink
Indo-European: *sengʷ-
Altaic: *s[i̯ú]ŋu (+ *šŏŋe ( ~ -i) deep, hollow)
Uralic: *soŋe (+ soŋV 'untertauchen')
Dravidian: ?? KG *sōŋ- (DED 184)
References: МССНЯ 357; ND 2071 *s[o]m(V)GE ~ *s[o]GmE 'enter, penetrate' (Ur. + Alt. + Arab. and scattered Cush., Chad.); 2093 *s̄iŋkU 'sink, fall' (IE+Alt+ Eg.).
Eurasiatic: *sUŋV ( ~ z-, ʒ-)
Meaning: summer
Indo-European: *sem-
Uralic: *suŋe
Dravidian: *sōn- (??)
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Total of 2077 records 104 pages

Pages: 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100
Back: 1 20 50
Forward: 1 20

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