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Nostratic etymology :

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Total of 2077 records 104 pages

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\data\nostr\nostret
Eurasiatic: *bišV ( ~ -č`-)
Meaning: bile
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *bis-(t)lV 'желчь' (Pok. 102)
Altaic: *bŭsi
Uralic: *piša
Dravidian: *pic- (?) (also *paC- green, yellow)
References: МССНЯ 340; ND 1814 *pišV 'gall'.
Eurasiatic: *biχV
Meaning: beat
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *bheyǝ-
Altaic: TM *buja- 'be broken'
Kartvelian: *beχ- ( ~ -q-)
References: ND 271 *b[ü]χa 'beat, strike' (+ Cush., Chad.).
Eurasiatic: *bok[a]
Meaning: run
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *bheug- / *bhegʷ-
Altaic: *pok(`)i
Uralic: *pukta
Dravidian: *boŋ-
References: МССНЯ 330, ОСНЯ 1, 181; ND 183 *buk[U] (with some differences); 1685 *ṗu[ḲV]dV 'to run' (rather a derived form than a separate root).
Eurasiatic: *bolV
Meaning: leaf
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *bhol[e]-; *bhlē-dh-; *bhlō(w)-
Kartvelian: *bal-
Dravidian: *vIḷ-aj-
Eskimo-Aleut: *pǝɫu- ?
References: МССНЯ 347, ОСНЯ 1, 181-182, ND 201 *baL(h)V (Drav. differently).
Eurasiatic: *bongä
Meaning: thick, swell
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *bheng'hu-
Altaic: ?? TM *boŋga 'first, principal' (ND 217: TM *buŋa 'lump')
Uralic: *puŋka (*poŋka) (cf. also *piŋka )
Dravidian: *poŋ-
Eskimo-Aleut: *pǝŋu ? (or to PA *píńŋe 'pimple')
References: МССНЯ 333, ОСНЯ 1, 182-183; ND 217 *buŋgä (or *buŋä) 'thick, to swell' (without Drav.). Cf. PST *pŏŋ 'swell up'.
Eurasiatic: *boŕa
Meaning: brown
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *bhreu-, *bhebhru- 'brown'
Altaic: *boŕA
Eskimo-Aleut: *pǝr(r)i-ʁ- ?
References: МССНЯ 332, ОСНЯ 1, 183-184, ND 255 *boŕ(ʔ)u/ü 'brown, yellow'.
Eurasiatic: *borV, *buŕa
Meaning: boil
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *bheru̯-
Altaic: ? Turk. *bürk- 'spurt, gush'
Uralic: (Mord. pura-, Hung. forr-)
Dravidian: *pūṛ-
References: МССНЯ 344, ОСНЯ 1, 190-191, ND 252 *buŕu(-Ḳu)
Eurasiatic: *b[o]rwV
Meaning: log
Indo-European: *bhrēu̯ʌ-
Altaic: *bi̯are
Uralic: *porwa / *parwe
References: МССНЯ 332; ND 233 *boruʡV 'trunk' (comparing also SH *bVrʕ- 'reed, stick'?).
Eurasiatic: *böḳa
Meaning: dirt
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *bi̯ŏ́k`à(rV) ( ~ *p-)
Uralic: *pEkV 'mould'
Dravidian: *bug-i
Comments: For the Ur. word cf. alternatively: PA *p`ĕk`V 'acid, astringent' or *begV 'a k. of ferment'.
Eurasiatic: *bUgV
Meaning: spot, variegated
Altaic: *bŏgdu
Kartvelian: *bug-
Eurasiatic: *buHi
Meaning: to grow, become
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *bhewǝ-
Altaic: *biju
Dravidian: *bej- (*v-)
Eskimo-Aleut: *pi(j)-
References: МССНЯ 333, ОСНЯ 1, 184-185; ND 181 *buHi (+ North. Omot.).
Eurasiatic: *bUjlV ?
Meaning: blood
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: Germ. *blō-d- 'blood'?
Altaic: *bi̯ùjlu ( ~ -i) blood
Comments: Rather dubious.
Eurasiatic: *bujre
Meaning: bad, to dislike
Altaic: *bùjre
Dravidian: *ver_- (*-d_-)
Eurasiatic: *buKV
Meaning: burn, bake
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *bhō̆g-
Altaic: *bū́gà
Kartvelian: Georg. bug- 'verbrennen', bgol- 'kochen', bgal- 'anbrennen, sengen'
References: ND 184 *b[oʕ]ka 'heat, roast, burn'.
Eurasiatic: *buḳV
Meaning: to worry, be stupid
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *buk`V
Dravidian: *pog-
Eurasiatic: *bulV
Meaning: to stir, puddle
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *bhlendh-
Altaic: *bŭ́li
References: ОСНЯ 1, 185-186; ND 196 *bul̄V (+ Sem. and dubious Berb., Eg.).
Eurasiatic: *bulV
Meaning: to be sad
Indo-European: *bhlaw-
Altaic: *bŭ̀ĺo
Dravidian: *pol-
Eurasiatic: *bur(H)V
Meaning: dust
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *bhe(u)r- 'storm'
Altaic: *bóru (~ -a)
Uralic: *pora 'dust' (SKES 605)
Kartvelian: *bur(ɣw)-
Dravidian: *buṛ-ud-
Eskimo-Aleut: *puju- (rather - to *ṗuɣV)
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: Gil. puṛ 'сор, мусор'
Comments: Ц.-сах. *burbur 'пыль, песок'
References: МССНЯ 358, ОСНЯ 1, 187-188; ND 219 *barE 'earth, land', 234 *buri[ɣ]u 'loose earth, dust' (the distinction is supported only by a rather dubious SDr par_ampu 'plateau'?).
Eurasiatic: *burV
Meaning: to cover
Altaic: *bū̀ri
Kartvelian: *bur-
Dravidian: *pōr- (or *pūṛ- 'to bury' (834))
Comments: Cf. also PA *bṓrk`i (197)
References: МССНЯ 342, ОСНЯ 1, 191-192 (Drav. diff.), ND 239 *büryi 'cover'. Dolg. compares some scattered Berb. and Chad. forms; cf. also PST *phăr 'cover'
Eurasiatic: *burV
Meaning: to cut, bore
Indo-European: *bher- (+2089)
Altaic: *bùro ( ~ -o-)
Uralic: *pura ( + *parV 'cut, scrape')
Kartvelian: *br-
Dravidian: *vār- (or *pār-ai 'crowbar, spade' - see Tyler 32)
Comments: [Other Drav. forms: *pūr_, *pōr_ in МССНЯ 363, *pōṛ- 'to split, cleave'; in Alt. cf. also *bóra 'divide']. There must be a similar root meaning 'fight, kill': cf. IE, as well as PA *bŭri 192; PK *brʒ́-, *borg-; ?PD *por- 'fight'; PIE *bhreus-, *bhreǵh-; see also Bomhard 1996, 141. Cf. PAN *paRo 'drill, pierce'.
References: МССНЯ 363, ОСНЯ 1, 186-187; ND 220 *buRu 'break' (Alt. + IE *bhreu-) distinguished from 221 *bUrV 'turn round, rotate' (Kartv. + Ur. + Ewk. buruk 'whirlpool' + SH *br- 'round, rotate') distinguished from 222 *buRV 'flint' (IE + TM *bura- 'flint' + some SH meaning 'cut, carve; flint') distinguished from 251 *buŕa 'pierce, bore' - all very dubious, but worth further consideration.
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Total of 2077 records 104 pages

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