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Nostratic etymology :

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Total of 2077 records 104 pages

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Eurasiatic: *mALV
Meaning: tree, forest
Altaic: *mi̯alu
Uralic: *majδ́a (cf. also *malkV)
References: Suggested by V. Glumov.
Eurasiatic: *malV
Meaning: two
Borean: Borean
Eskimo-Aleut: *malǝʁu- (-*(r)i-)
Comments: A local Siberian root; perhaps (as suggested by Mudrak) connected with PA *mi̯àĺà 'measure'?
Eurasiatic: *manga
Meaning: strong, big
Indo-European: *menegh-
Altaic: *maŋka (~-o)
Kartvelian: *ma(n)g-
Eskimo-Aleut: *maŋKV-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *mejŋ(ʷ)ǝ-
References: ОСНЯ 2, 41-42; ND 1443 *man̄Vga (*maŋga) 'strong, numerous' ( + Cush., Omot.). Perhaps indeed derived from *m[o]nV?
Eurasiatic: *manu
Meaning: to think
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *men- (Pok. 726-728)
Altaic: *mana (~-o)
Uralic: *mOnV (*monV)
Dravidian: *màn- (or *maṇ-i- 'to talk, speak' (3905)
References: МССНЯ 339, ОСНЯ 2, 42-43; ND 1429 *mon̄V 'to test, think', 1433 *mAyn̄V 'ask, desire' (a highly dubious distinction); 1439 *man̄(Yy)V 'speak, call, invoke magic forces'. If Ur. *man/ǹV 'say, call' is distinct, the root may indeed be divided (cf. the distinction in Drav.)? Cf. also 1442 *mANdV 'excitement, wish, desire' - prob. a suffixed form (only PGoKu *mānḍ- 'like' and Svan mand- 'wish, love'; IE *mendh- is most likely *mens-dh-).
Eurasiatic: *marV
Meaning: tree
Altaic: *mū́ro
Uralic: *morV
Dravidian: *maran-
References: МССНЯ 339, ОСНЯ 2, 45; ND 1472 *m[a]rwE 'tree' ( + Arab.).
Eurasiatic: *marV
Meaning: refuse, prevent, deny
Indo-European: *mers-
Altaic: *màra (~-ŕ-)
Uralic: *mOrV ?
Dravidian: SDR *mar_- (3985) [+ 3983 'war']
Eurasiatic: *matV
Meaning: intoxication
Indo-European: *mad-, *mat-
Dravidian: *mads-
Comments: Among the Drav. reflexes is hidden a root *mad- 'to become fat' - which is compared (ND 1501 *mAṭV 'to increase, make long/broad') with Georg. maṭ- 'become larger' (+ Arab.?); cf. perhaps also IE *mazd- (*mad-t-) 'fat'. Cf. *mVtV 'moisture'.
Eurasiatic: *mälgi
Meaning: breast, udder
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *(a)melǝg'-
Uralic: *mälke (*mälɣe)
Dravidian: *mòl-; ? NDr *melGā 'throat, neck'
Eskimo-Aleut: *mulǝ, *mǝluɣ-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *maĺ'mɨ
References: МССНЯ 338, ОСНЯ 2, 57-58.
Eurasiatic: *mänV
Meaning: man
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *mAnw-
Uralic: *mańćV (*mäńće (SKES 345, Coll. 99))
Dravidian: *maṇ(-s-)
Comments: Cf. *menV , *mVSV
References: ОСНЯ 2, 58-59, МССНЯ 349.
Eurasiatic: *mäŕä
Meaning: wet
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *mar-
Altaic: *mi̯ū̀ri ( ~ -ŕ-)
Uralic: *märV (also *marV )
Kartvelian: *mar-
Dravidian: *maṛ- (?)
Eskimo-Aleut: *ǝmǝʁ (???)
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *mɨrɨ 'tear'
Comments: In Drav. cf. also *muṛṇ- 'to be immersed, sink' (which, however, can be also compared with *ńorV q.v.?)
References: МССНЯ 334, ОСНЯ 2, 60-61. ND 1461 *moRE 'body of water', 1480 *mAŕV 'rain, cloud' (despite, ND, not opposed anywhere and hardly separable).
Eurasiatic: *m[ä]rV
Meaning: ill, die
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *mer- 'die'
Altaic: *mi̯ore
Uralic: Sam. *merъyъ 'wound' [Nen. mero 'Wunde, Schorf', Ngan. mearu, mearung, Kam. me̮rш id.] ; ? K. mür- 'be starving, starve almost to death'
References: МССНЯ 331, ОСНЯ 2, 57-58. ND 1464 *muRV 'go away, perish, die', 1470 *mäR(h)V 'be wounded, ill' (with a lot of confusion).
Eurasiatic: *meHV (with suffixes?)
Meaning: to measure
Indo-European: *mē̆H-
Altaic: *mi̯àĺà
Uralic: *merV
Comments: For Ur. cf. IE *meH-r-, for Alt. - IE *meH-l- ?
Eurasiatic: *mel-
Meaning: a kind of fish
Altaic: *melo
Dravidian: *malaŋ-
Eurasiatic: *meĺV
Meaning: oar; to stir
Altaic: *mĕ̀ĺba ( ~ -p-)
Uralic: *melä 'oar'
Dravidian: *mal-
Eurasiatic: *menV
Meaning: to stay
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *men-
Altaic: *meń[o] ?
Kartvelian: *men-
Dravidian: *man-
References: МССНЯ 367, ОСНЯ 2, 51-52. ND 1420 *mAn̄V 'house, dwelling', 1421 *män̄a 'remain, stay' (most probably one root).
Eurasiatic: *menV
Meaning: body
Altaic: *mḕnò (+ *meŋu 'whole, body')
Uralic: (*muŋkV)
Dravidian: *mēn-
Comments: Cf. *mänV.
References: ND 1434 *me(y)n̄U 'oneself, one's own, body' (Alt. + Drav. + scattered IE and SH, hard to distinguish from reflexes of *mänV 'man, person'). In fact the only distinguishing group here is Drav. So Alt. *mḕno may in fact reflect *mänV, and the root for body can be reconstructed as *meŋV (Alt. *meŋu, Drav. *mēn-)? Cf. ST *maŋ 'body' (and SC *HmVŋV 'corpse').
Eurasiatic: *meŋV
Meaning: to walk, run
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *mĕŋa
Uralic: *mene
Eskimo-Aleut: *mǝŋ(ǝ)tǝ-
References: ND 1423 *mene 'walk, go' (+ dub. IE + Chad.), Redei 272.
Eurasiatic: *merV
Meaning: to shine, glitter
Indo-European: *merǝ-k-, *merǝ-g- (+ *mer- 2181)
Altaic: ? Ulch. mūren- 'glitter'
Dravidian: *mer_-
References: ND 1460 *merV 'to flash, sparkle, shine' ( + Berb.).
Eurasiatic: *mEwV
Meaning: water, wet
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *mewǝ- 'wet'
Altaic: *umV ( ~ *o-) drink ?
Dravidian: ? *mī-
Eskimo-Aleut: *ǝmǝʁ- 'water; drink'
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: ?*ъmɣъ'm- 'wave'
Comments: Cf. PU *mäɣV ~ *mäwV 'honey'?
References: МССНЯ 334, ОСНЯ 2, 62-63; ND 1382 *muhi (or *mAwhi, *muhyV) 'water, fluid' ( + incorr. TM). The attribution of Alt. *umV 'drink' is questionable (metathesis? original structure *HumVwV ?), but probable; the word does not seem to have any alternative etymology.
Eurasiatic: *miHV
Meaning: to change, exchange
Indo-European: *mei-
Uralic: *miɣe
Dravidian: *moj- 'contribution'
References: Tyler 37 (U-D), ND 1511 *moyV 'give, give back, restore' (IE - Drav.).
Total of 2077 records 104 pages

Pages: 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
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Forward: 1 20

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