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Kartvelian etymology :

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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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\data\kart\kartet
Proto-Kartvelian: *srsw-
Russian meaning: лишай, короста
English meaning: lichen, scab
Georgian: sirsvil- (Old Georg. srsvil-)
Megrel: surs-u
Megrel meaning (Rus.): прыщ, шишка
Megrel meaning (Eng.): pimple, boss
Laz: msursu-, msirsu-
Laz meaning (Rus.): нарыв, шишка
Laz meaning (Eng.): boil, boss
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 166, EWK 304.
Proto-Kartvelian: *(s)t-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: прясть
English meaning: to spin (weave)
Georgian: rt-, Old Georg. st-
Megrel: rt-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): вращать(ся)
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to spin (around)
Svan: let-, lt-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 172, EWK 312 (*śet- / *śt-).
Proto-Kartvelian: *(ś)tagw-
Russian meaning: мышь
English meaning: mouse
Georgian: tagv-
Svan: šdugw, šṭugw
Laz: mtug-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 175, EWK 154 (*tagw-).
Proto-Kartvelian: *(ś)taw-
Russian meaning: голова
English meaning: head
Georgian: tav- 'head', tav-tav- 'spike', sa-stau-l- 'pillow'
Megrel: ti-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): семья, дом, двор, начальник; ti-a 'порция, еда'
Megrel meaning (Eng.): family, house, yard, chief; ti-a 'portion, food'
Svan: šda, šṭa
Svan meaning (Rus.): колос; šda-šw 'сам'
Svan meaning (Eng.): spike; šda-šw 'self'
Laz: ti
Laz meaning (Rus.): голова; колос
Laz meaning (Eng.): head; spike
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 175, EWK 154-155 (*taw-).
Proto-Kartvelian: *(ś)teb-
Russian meaning: тесто
English meaning: dough
Georgian: tb-e
Svan: šdeb-, šdb-
Svan meaning (Rus.): всходить (о тесте)
Svan meaning (Eng.): to rise (of dough)
Notes and references: EWK 158.
Proto-Kartvelian: *(ś)tkwen
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: вы; ваш
English meaning: you; your
Georgian: tkwen
Georgian meaning (Rus.): вы, ваш
Georgian meaning (Engl.): you; your
Megrel: tkwa(n)
Megrel meaning (Rus.): вы, ваш
Megrel meaning (Eng.): you; your
Svan: sgäj 'you', isgwe(j) 'your'
Laz: tkwa(n)
Laz meaning (Rus.): вы, ваш
Laz meaning (Eng.): you, your
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 176, EWK 167 (*tkwen-). Не исключено, что сванский указывает на необходимость реконструкции *(ś)tke(n)- "вы" : *(ś)tkwen- 'ваш', а -w- в прямой основе в прочих языках вторично и получено по аналогии. Характер начального *ś- неясен. Основа *tk(w)en- < *tVH-Vn- < ностр. *ṭi(H)- "ты, вы". Иллич-Свитыч (ОСНЯ 1, 7) восстанавливает *ṭä 'вы' на основании монг. ta, урал. *tä и и.-е. -te (аффикс мн. числа). В и.-е. скорее имеем *-tHe (ср. др.-инд. -tha), что хорошо соотносится с картвельской формой. См. Долгопольский....
Proto-Kartvelian: *(ś)tom-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: волос(ы)
English meaning: hair
Georgian: tm-a
Megrel: tom-a, tum-a
Svan: šdom, šdöm, šdäm
Svan meaning (Rus.): аллергическая сыпь на теле
Svan meaning (Eng.): allergic rash on body
Laz: (n)toma
Laz meaning (Rus.): волосы, шерсть, перья
Laz meaning (Eng.): hair, wool, feathers
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 95 (*tma-), EWK 164 (*tom-).
Proto-Kartvelian: *(ś)tow-
Russian meaning: идти (о снеге)
English meaning: to snow
Georgian: tov-; tov-l- 'snow'
Megrel: tu-; tir- 'snow'
Svan: šduw-, šdu-
Laz: (m)tu-; mtur- 'snow'
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 175-176, EWK 163-164.
Proto-Kartvelian: *śtum-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: ухо
English meaning: ear
Georgian: sa-stum-ali (Klimov: sastunal-)
Georgian meaning (Rus.): изголовье
Georgian meaning (Engl.): head part of bed
Megrel: ortumel-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): изголовье
Megrel meaning (Eng.): head part of bed
Svan: šdim
Svan meaning (Rus.): ухо
Svan meaning (Eng.): ear
Laz: omtunal-
Laz meaning (Rus.): опорное полено костра
Laz meaning (Eng.): main log in a bonfire
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 170 (*(s)a-stun-al-), EWK 315.
Proto-Kartvelian: *stw-
Russian meaning: срывать
English meaning: to pluck
Georgian: Old Georg. stw-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): срывать (плоды)
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to pluck (fruit)
Laz: stv-, st-
Laz meaning (Rus.): срывать, разрывать, отрывать
Laz meaning (Eng.): to pluck, tear out
Notes and references: EWK 300 (но ср. *sṭw-).
Proto-Kartvelian: *(ś)twal-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: глаз
English meaning: eye
Georgian: tval-
Megrel: tol-
Svan: šdul
Svan meaning (Rus.): Schiessscharte, Ausguck
Svan meaning (Eng.): Schiessscharte, Ausguck
Laz: tol-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 93, EWK 161 (*twal-).
Proto-Kartvelian: *(ś)txar-/(ś)txr
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: pыть, копать
English meaning: to dig, excavate
Georgian: txar/txr
Megrel: (n)txo(r)
Svan: štxar/štxr
Laz: (n)txo(r)
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 176, EWK 171-172 (*txar- / *txr-). Иллич-Свитыч в МССHЯ 360 сравнивает с ПИЕ *derǝ- 'рвать, лопаться'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *(ś)txil-
Russian meaning: мелкий орех
English meaning: small nut
Georgian: txil-
Megrel: txir-
Svan: šdix, šṭix, štix
Laz: (n)txir-, mtxir-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 177, EWK 173.
Proto-Kartvelian: *sṭw-
Russian meaning: прыгать
English meaning: to jump
Georgian: Old Georg. sṭw-il-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): прыгать
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to jump
Laz: sṭ(v)-, stv-
Laz meaning (Rus.): скользить, срываться, соскальзывать
Laz meaning (Eng.): to glide, to lose footing, to slip
Notes and references: EWK 305; ДГ... `осень' Кл (?)
Proto-Kartvelian: *śṭw-
Russian meaning: свистеть
English meaning: to whistle
Georgian: sṭw-in-, sṭw-en- (also Old Georg.); Old Georg. ne-sṭu- 'tube', sṭwir- 'pipe'
Megrel: šwiṭ-in-; mi-šviṭ-ia 'nose'
Svan: ne-šṭ-r-äl
Svan meaning (Rus.): Nüstern
Laz: sṭw-in-, stw-in- ( < Georg.?)
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 166 (*sṭw-in-), EWK 319.
Proto-Kartvelian: *śul-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: душа, дух, запах
English meaning: spirit, soul, scent
Georgian: sul-
Megrel: šur-
Svan: šur-
Svan meaning (Rus.): стонать
Svan meaning (Eng.): to moan
Laz: šur-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 178, EWK 319-320. Во всех языках, кроме груз., возможна контаминация с *śwer- q.v. Сближение с ПЗК *pǝsA 'душа' ( < ПСК *ʡăms_a, см. NCED 243) должно быть отвергнуто (вопреки Климову 1969, 289).
Proto-Kartvelian: *śuq̇-
Russian meaning: жиpеть, упитывать
English meaning: to fatten
Georgian: suq̇-
Svan: šq̇-
Notes and references: EWK 320.
Proto-Kartvelian: *sur-
Russian meaning: плющ
English meaning: ivy
Georgian: sur-o
Laz: (m)suǯ-, msiǯ-, psiǯ-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 166, EWK 305.
Proto-Kartvelian: *sur-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: полный, целый
English meaning: full, wholesome
Georgian: sr-ul-
Svan: sur-u 'very, big, whole', swr-il 'big'
Notes and references: EWK 305-306.
Proto-Kartvelian: *śuś-
Russian meaning: молчать, быть тихим
English meaning: to keep silent, be quiet
Georgian: sus-
Megrel: šuš-
Svan: šuš-, ššw-
Notes and references: EWK 320.
kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-sva,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-sva,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-sva,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-notes,
Total of 1310 records 66 pages

Pages: 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Back: 1 20
Forward: 1

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