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Kartvelian etymology :

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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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\data\kart\kartet
Proto-Kartvelian: *ser-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: ночь, вечер
English meaning: night, evening
Georgian: ser-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): ужин
Georgian meaning (Engl.): supper
Megrel: ser-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): ночь, o-sar-e 'рубашка' (*'ночная рубашка')
Megrel meaning (Eng.): night; o-sar-e 'shirt' (*'nightshirt')
Laz: ser-
Laz meaning (Rus.): ночь
Laz meaning (Eng.): night
Notes and references: EWK 297. Ср. ПСК...
Proto-Kartvelian: *śer-
Russian meaning: точить
English meaning: to whet
Georgian: sa-sr-ev-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): точильный камень
Georgian meaning (Engl.): whetstone
Svan: šēr-
Notes and references: EWK 312-313.
Proto-Kartvelian: *si-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: ты
English meaning: thou
Megrel: si-
Svan: si
Laz: si-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 162-163, EWK 300.
Proto-Kartvelian: *sila-
Russian meaning: песок
English meaning: sand
Georgian: sila-
Megrel: sila-, psila-
Svan: silä(j) ( < Georg.)
Notes and references: Основа обнаруживает явную параллель в ав.-анд. *silV 'песок', и Фенрих (1988, 35) считает картвельскую форму дагестанизмом. Климов (1994, 190-191) предлагает, однако, выводить корень из "переднеазиатского арийского источника" (ср. др.-инд. śilā́ 'камень, осколок скалы'), что весьма сомнительно.
Proto-Kartvelian: *śim-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: мокрый, влага
English meaning: damp, liquid (n.)
Georgian: sim-ur-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): вода
Georgian meaning (Engl.): water
Megrel: šim-e
Megrel meaning (Rus.): мокрый, влага
Megrel meaning (Eng.): damp, liquid (n.)
Notes and references: EWK 317.
Proto-Kartvelian: *siṗ-
Russian meaning: разбивать, уничтожать
English meaning: to destroy, to break
Georgian: sṗ-
Megrel: siṗ-, sṗ-
Svan: siṗ-, sṗ-
Notes and references: EWK 300-301.
Proto-Kartvelian: *sir-
Russian meaning: маленькая птица, воробей
English meaning: small bird, sparrow
Georgian: sir-
Megrel: sinǯ-, sind-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): утка
Megrel meaning (Eng.): duck
Svan: (?) mǝ-sir
Svan meaning (Rus.): тетерев
Svan meaning (Eng.): black-cock
Notes and references: EWK 301. Не исключено, однако, что сван. форма < ВК (ср. ПН *māšu etc.).
Proto-Kartvelian: *śiw-
Russian meaning: пухнуть, опухать
English meaning: to swell, bloat
Georgian: siv-; redupl. si-si-n- 'to stuff oneself full'
Megrel: ši-n-, redupl. šišin-
Svan: ši(w)-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 177, EWK 316, 317 (*śiw-, *śin-).
Proto-Kartvelian: *śiw-
Russian meaning: свистеть
English meaning: to whistle
Georgian: siv-
Megrel: ršw-in-
Svan: šw-eṗ-
Laz: ši-
Laz meaning (Rus.): rauschen
Laz meaning (Eng.): rauschen
Notes and references: EWK 316, ЭСКЯ 166 (рефлексы путаются с *sṭw-).
Proto-Kartvelian: *siʒ́e-
Russian meaning: зять
English meaning: borther-in-law
Georgian: siʒe-
Megrel: si(n)ǯa-, sinda-
Svan: čīže
Laz: siǯa
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 163-164, EWK 302.
Proto-Kartvelian: *sḳin-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: скакать, прыгать
English meaning: to jump, leap
Georgian: sḳin-ḳil-
Svan: sḳin-, sḳn-
Notes and references: EWK 303. ?Ср. *skaḱ-.
Proto-Kartvelian: *sḳw-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: завязывать
English meaning: to tie (lace, etc.)
Georgian: sḳ(v)-
Megrel: sḳ(u)-, sḳv-, sku-, skv-
Svan: le-sḳw-er
Svan meaning (Rus.): веревка
Svan meaning (Eng.): rope
Laz: sḳv-, skv-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 164, EWK 302-303.
Proto-Kartvelian: *slek-/slik-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: лизать
English meaning: to lick
Georgian: slek-, slik-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): лизать, гладить
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to lick, to caress
Megrel: sirk-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 164, EWK 303. В МССHЯ 365 сравнивается с ПИЕ *sleu-ḱ-, *sleu-ǵ-, *sleu-b- 'скользкий', алт. *sulV / *silV 'слюна, слизь', урал. *śulke 'слюна, плевать', драв. *coḷḷ- 'слизь, слюна' < ностр. *śulV.
Proto-Kartvelian: *śloḳ-
Russian meaning: икать
English meaning: to hiccup
Georgian: sloḳ-in-, sluḳ-in-
Megrel: šiḳ-in-
Svan: šdǝḳ-un-, šṭḳ-un-
Laz: šiḳ-in-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 177, EWK 317-318.
Proto-Kartvelian: *soḳo-
Russian meaning: гриб
English meaning: mushroom
Georgian: soḳo-, zoḳo-
Megrel: soḳo-
Svan: soḳ(w)
Laz: soḳo-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 165. Ср. ПВК *sħwǝ̆mḳ_V 'гриб, трут' (NCED 960-961; непосредственное заимствование из картвельского, вопреки Климову 1972, 351, весьма маловероятно); ПИЕ *spongo- (*sphwongo- ?, см. WP 2, 681-682).
Proto-Kartvelian: *śow-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: быть мокpым
English meaning: to be wet
Georgian: sov-, ДГ sov-; svel-, ДГ sov-el- 'wet'
Megrel: šǝ-; šo-l- 'to wet'
Laz: šu(v)-, šo-l-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 174 (*śwel-), EWK 318. В МССHЯ 333 *śwel- сравнивается с ПИЕ *sulā 'сок, напиток', алт. *sula 'влажный', урал. *sula- 'таять, талый' (аналогичное картв.-ИЕ сближение в Бомхард 1996, 163); но если *-el - суффикс, вероятнее объединение с *św- 'пить' и сравнение с другим корнем (ПИЕ *seu-, алт. *suwV, см. МССHЯ 341).
Proto-Kartvelian: *sqwen-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: потолок, чердак
English meaning: ceiling, loft
Georgian: sxven- (Old Georg. sqwen-)
Megrel: cxven(d)-, cxvin(d)- ( < Georg.?); o(n)cxond- 'joint, support beam'
Svan: cxwen ( < Georg.?)
Laz: o-cxon-e, o-ncxon-e
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 167 (*sxwen-), 171 (мегр. и лаз. сравниваются с груз. saxsar- 'сустав, сочленение' < *(s)a-qs-ar-), EWK 307 (*sxwan-). Климов (1994, 192-193) пытается вывести картвельскую форму из ПИЕ *sḱē(i)n- 'тень, сень', чему, однако, препятствует лабиализация в картвельской форме.
Proto-Kartvelian: *sr-
Russian meaning: скользить, крутиться
English meaning: to glide, to whirl
Georgian: sr-
Megrel: rs-
Laz: sur-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 165, EWK 303-304.
Proto-Kartvelian: *sraṭ-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: истреблять
English meaning: to exterminate
Georgian: sreṭ-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): истреблять
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to exterminate
Megrel: siroṭ-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): давить
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to press
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 165.
Proto-Kartvelian: *sres- / sris-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: гладить
English meaning: to caress
Georgian: sres-, sris-
Megrel: sirs-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 165-166, EWK 304.
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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

Pages: 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Back: 1 20
Forward: 1

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