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Kartvelian etymology :

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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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\data\kart\kartet
Proto-Kartvelian: *rg-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: быть полезным, годиться
English meaning: to be useful
Georgian: rg-, warg-
Megrel: rg-
Svan: rg-, marg-
Laz: rg-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 81 (*warg / (w)rg), EWK 280. Ср. ПИЕ *algʷh-.
Proto-Kartvelian: *r-, *ar-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: быть
English meaning: to be
Georgian: r-, ar-
Megrel: r-, or-
Svan: r-, ar-
Laz: r-, or-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 154-155, EWK 275-276. В МССHЯ 332 сравнивается с урал. *le- 'быть, стать'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *rḳina-
Russian meaning: железо
English meaning: iron
Georgian: (r)ḳina-
Megrel: (r)ḳina-
Laz: (?) erḳina-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 156. Ср. ПВК *rʕēnq̇wɨ 'замок ( > 'железо')', см. NCED 943-944.
Proto-Kartvelian: *rḳw-
Russian meaning: чистить, разбирать
English meaning: to clean, to take apart
Georgian: rḳv-
Svan: rḳ-ǝn-
Svan meaning (Rus.): чистить
Svan meaning (Eng.): to clean
Notes and references: EWK 288.
Proto-Kartvelian: *rt-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: соединять, делать(ся) цельным
English meaning: to join, make whole
Georgian: rt-; mrteli, mteli 'whole, healthy'
Megrel: [rt]; tar-i 'healthy'
Laz: [rt]
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 136, EWK 244 (в обоих источниках приводятся только формы, восходящие к *m-rt-eli 'целый, здоровый'). Не исключена этимологическая связь с *ert- "один" (q.v.).
Proto-Kartvelian: *rt-
Russian meaning: делать
English meaning: to do
Georgian: rt-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): делать, начинать
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to do, to begin
Megrel: rt-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): делать
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to do
Notes and references: EWK 287.
Proto-Kartvelian: *rtw-
Russian meaning: покрывать
English meaning: to cover
Georgian: rt(v)-
Megrel: rt(v)-
Laz: rt(v)-, tu-, tv-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 156, EWK 287-288.
Proto-Kartvelian: *rum-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: темнеть
English meaning: to get dark
Georgian: rum-
Megrel: rum-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 157, EWK 288. Долгопольский (1992), а вслед за ним Бомхард (1996, 212-213) сопоставляют с ПИЕ *remǝ- 'темный', ПФУ *r[ü]mke id.
Proto-Kartvelian: *rǯw-
Russian meaning: побеждать, одолевать; ловкий; правый
English meaning: to overcome, win; nimble; right
Georgian: marǯw-e 'nimble', marǯw- 'to overcome', marǯw-ena 'right'
Megrel: morʒgw- 'successful; to overcome'; marʒgw-an- 'right'
Svan: lärsgw-än-, lersgw-en 'right'
Laz: marʒgw-an- 'right side'
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 128, EWK 291. Как и "левый", повидимому, СК происхождения: ср. ПСК *Hānʒ́_Ĕ 'правый' (NCED 544; распространены формы типа лак. urč̣a и ПЛ *[ħ]arč̣:-, восходящие к *Hānʒ́_V-rV- с адъективным суффиксом *-rV-).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ś-
Russian meaning: местоименная основа
English meaning: pronominal stem
Georgian: e-s-e 'this', i-s-i 'that', e-s-re 'so'
Megrel: a-š-i, ta-š-i, e-š-i, te-š-i
Megrel meaning (Rus.): так
Megrel meaning (Eng.): so
Svan: e-š-i
Svan meaning (Rus.): несмотря на
Svan meaning (Eng.): despite
Laz: a-š-o, e-š-o
Laz meaning (Rus.): так
Laz meaning (Eng.): so
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 173, EWK 310. Ср. ПИЕ *so- 'этот, тот', ПФУ *sä 'он, она' (см. Бомхард 1996, 163); ср. также алт. *sV 'тот'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *sa-
Russian meaning: вопросительная основа
English meaning: interrogative stem
Georgian: sad(a) 'where', sa-me 'somewhere'
Megrel: so 'where'
Laz: so
Laz meaning (Rus.): где
Laz meaning (Eng.): where
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 293-294. Ср. ПСК *s_āj 'что'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *sal-
Russian meaning: высокий, крутой
English meaning: high, steep
Georgian: sal-
Megrel: sol-
Notes and references: EWK 294.
Proto-Kartvelian: *sam-
Russian meaning: три
English meaning: three
Georgian: sam-
Megrel: sum-
Svan: sam-, sem-, sm-
Laz: sum-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 161, EWK 294.
Proto-Kartvelian: *sar- / sr-
Russian meaning: стрела, стрелять
English meaning: arrow, to shoot
Georgian: sr- 'to shoot', i-sar- 'arrow'
Megrel: i-sǝnd-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): копье
Megrel meaning (Eng.): spear
Laz: i-siǯ-
Laz meaning (Rus.): стрела
Laz meaning (Eng.): arrow
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 161-162, EWK 294-295.
Proto-Kartvelian: *śar- / śr-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: уничтожать
English meaning: to destroy
Georgian: sar-, sr-
Megrel: šǝr-, šir-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): износиться, выпариться
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to wear away, to vaporize
Laz: šir-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 177-178, EWK 311-312. Сближение с ПИЕ *ser- 'расщеплять, раздирать', фин.-перм. *särV 'ломать' см. Бомхард 1996, 163.
Proto-Kartvelian: *sax-
Russian meaning: производить, порождать
English meaning: to produce, to bear
Georgian: sax-
Svan: säx-, sx-
Notes and references: EWK 295.
Proto-Kartvelian: *(s)a-xl-
Russian meaning: дом
English meaning: house
Georgian: saxl-
Megrel: xor-ua- 'to move in', oxora-skil- 'brother-in-law, sister-in-law'
Laz: oxor-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 171 (возводится к *xl- 'быть среди, около'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *saǯ-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: судить
English meaning: to judge
Georgian: saǯ- / sǯ-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): судить, наказывать; rǯ-ul- 'закон, вера'
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to judge, punish; rǯ-ul 'law, creed'
Megrel: zoǯ- ( < *soǯg-)
Megrel meaning (Rus.): изволить
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to be willing to
Svan: sgoǯ- ( < Megr.?)
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 162.
Proto-Kartvelian: *sel-
Russian meaning: лен
English meaning: flax
Georgian: sel-
Megrel: (p)su
Laz: o-sul-u 'to separate hemp into threads', sul-er- 'fibre'
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 162, EWK 295-296.
Proto-Kartvelian: *sem-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: слышать
English meaning: to hear
Georgian: sem-, sm-
Megrel: sim-, sǝm-
Svan: sǝm-, sim-, sm-
Laz: sim-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 164-165, EWK 296-297.
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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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Back: 1 20
Forward: 1

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