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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *raṭq̇- / rṭq̇-
Russian meaning: опоясывать
English meaning: to gird
Georgian: raṭq̇-, sa-rṭq̇-eli 'belt'
Megrel: rṭq̇-, o-rṭq̇-apu 'belt'
Svan: lǟ-rṭq̇
Svan meaning (Rus.): пояс
Svan meaning (Eng.): belt
Laz: ṭḳ-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 157, EWK 278.
Proto-Kartvelian: *rč-
Russian meaning: слушать(ся)
English meaning: to listen, obey
Georgian: rč-
Megrel: rčk-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 158, EWK 288-289.
Proto-Kartvelian: *rc̣-
Russian meaning: шевелить, колебать
English meaning: to touch, shake lightly
Georgian: rc̣-
Megrel: o-nc̣-e 'cradle', nc̣- 'to shake (intr.)'
Laz: nc̣-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 159, EWK 289.
Proto-Kartvelian: *rc̣am- / rc̣m-
Russian meaning: веpить
English meaning: to believe
Georgian: rc̣(a)m-
Megrel: rc̣um-
Notes and references: Кл
Proto-Kartvelian: *rć̣ix-
Russian meaning: щебетать
English meaning: to chirrup
Georgian: me-rcx-al-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): ласточка
Georgian meaning (Engl.): swallow (n.)
Megrel: č̣irx-; ma-rč̣ix-ol- / ma-č̣irx-ol- 'swallow (n.)'
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 160, EWK 289-290.
Proto-Kartvelian: *rc̣q̇a-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: вода
English meaning: water
Georgian: c̣q̇al-; c̣q̇ar- 'spring'
Megrel: c̣q̇ar-; c̣q̇or-il-, aḳo-c̣q̇or-ua 'mixed with water'
Svan: lǝ-lc̣q̇e
Svan meaning (Rus.): влажный
Svan meaning (Eng.): damp
Laz: c̣ḳa(r), c̣ar
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 159-160, EWK 515. Фенрих привлекает не мегр. c̣q̇ar-, но мегр. c̣q̇u- в c̣q̇u-rgili 'источник' и восстанавливает *c̣q̇al-. Ностр. параллели: ПИЕ *eras- (-o-) "роsа", алт. *urusV 'течь, жидкость'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *rć̣q̇w-
Russian meaning: блевать, извеpгать жидкость
English meaning: to vomit, emit smth.
Georgian: rc̣q̇w- / rc̣q̇aw-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): выдавливать (наpыв), оpошать; nerc̣q̇v- 'плевок'; др.-груз. urc̣q̇ul 'неорошаемый', merc̣q̇ul 'водонос'
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to squeeze out (pus), to irrigate; nerc̣q̇v- 'spit (n.)'; Old Georg. urc̣q̇ul 'non-irrigated', merc̣q̇ul 'water carrier'
Megrel: lerč̣q̇va
Megrel meaning (Rus.): слюна
Megrel meaning (Eng.): saliva
Svan: näšq̇w, näšxw
Svan meaning (Rus.): плевок
Svan meaning (Eng.): spit
Laz: nč̣ḳw-al
Laz meaning (Rus.): плевать; mč̣ḳ(w)- 'выдавливать (нарыв)'; lenč̣ḳwa, lemč̣ḳwa 'плевок'
Laz meaning (Eng.): to spit; mč̣ḳ(w)- 'to squeeze out (pus)'; lenč̣љwa, lemč̣ḳwa 'spit'
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 147, 160, EWK 290.
Proto-Kartvelian: *rećx- / *rćx-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: мыть
English meaning: to wash
Georgian: recx-, rcx-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): стиpать
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to wash (clothes)
Megrel: rčx-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): мыть, стиpать
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to wash
Svan: rčx-, rǝčx-
Svan meaning (Rus.): стиpать
Svan meaning (Eng.): to wash (clothes)
Laz: čx-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 159, EWK 285-286.
Proto-Kartvelian: *rečx- / rčx-
Russian meaning: жуpчать
English meaning: to gurgle
Georgian: [rečx] čxr-
Megrel: račx-
Notes and references: Кл
Proto-Kartvelian: *reč̣-
Russian meaning: Falle
English meaning: trap
Georgian: i-reč̣-
Megrel: *ranč̣ḳ-, *renč̣ḳ- > Georg. iranč̣ḳa, irenč̣ḳa
Notes and references: EWK 286.
Proto-Kartvelian: *regw-
Russian meaning: побить, поразить, повалить, набрасывать(ся)
English meaning: to hit, strike, fell down, fall upon
Georgian: regv-; sa-regv- 'ambush'
Megrel: ragv-, rag-; ragv- 'trap, ambush'
Laz: rag-
Laz meaning (Rus.): западня для ловли птиц
Laz meaning (Eng.): bird-trap
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 281.
Proto-Kartvelian: *reɣw- / *rɣw-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: разрушать, рассыпать
English meaning: to destroy, to scatter
Georgian: rɣu-, rɣv-
Megrel: rɣv-, ɣv-
Svan: reɣw-, riɣw-, rɣw-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 158, EWK 283-284.
Proto-Kartvelian: *rekw- / rkw-
Russian meaning: накрывать
English meaning: to cover
Georgian: rkv-, rkvam- / rkm-
Svan: rekw-, rkw-, (r)kw-am-
Svan meaning (Rus.): одевать(ся)
Svan meaning (Eng.): to dress
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 158, EWK 282-283.
Proto-Kartvelian: *rekw- / rkw-
Russian meaning: сказать
English meaning: to say
Georgian: rkv- / rku-
Svan: rēk-, rǟkw-
Notes and references: EWK 283.
Proto-Kartvelian: *reḳ-
Russian meaning: стучать, колотить
English meaning: to knock, hit
Georgian: reḳ-; sareḳela колокольчик
Georgian meaning (Rus.): колотить, звонить
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to hit, to ring
Svan: reḳ-
Svan meaning (Rus.): стучать, колотить
Svan meaning (Eng.): to knock, to hit
Laz: oraḳal-u-; oraḳaloni 'bell'
Laz meaning (Rus.): звонить
Laz meaning (Eng.): to ring
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 155, EWK 281-282. Ср., м. б., ПВК *=ǝlḳwV[n] "бить, ударять" (?)
Proto-Kartvelian: *reḳ-
Russian meaning: гнать
English meaning: to drive
Georgian: reḳ-
Svan: reḳ-, rḳ-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 155 (смешано с *req̇-), EWK 282. Ср. ПСК *=ărḳĔw 'гнать'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *req̇-
Russian meaning: гнать
English meaning: to drive
Megrel: ra'-
Svan: req̇-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 155, EWK 284.
Proto-Kartvelian: *req̇- / rq̇-
Russian meaning: шататься
English meaning: to stagger
Georgian: rq̇-
Svan: req̇-, rǝq̇-, rq̇-
Notes and references: EWK 285.
Proto-Kartvelian: *reṭ(u)
Russian meaning: глупый, дуpак
English meaning: stupid, fool
Georgian: reṭ-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): глупый; reṭ-ian- 'кружиться (о голове)'
Georgian meaning (Engl.): stupid; reṭ-ian- 'to spin (of head)'
Megrel: rinṭu
Megrel meaning (Rus.): дуpак
Megrel meaning (Eng.): fool
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 282.
Proto-Kartvelian: *rex- / rx-
Russian meaning: ударять, качать, шатать
English meaning: to beat, hit, rock
Georgian: rex-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): бить, ударять; rx- 'качать'
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to beat, hit; rx- 'to rock'
Svan: rx-
Svan meaning (Rus.): качать, шатать
Svan meaning (Eng.): to rock, shake
Laz: rax-
Laz meaning (Rus.): дрожать
Laz meaning (Eng.): to tremble
Notes and references: EWK 286, 291.
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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

Pages: 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Back: 1 20
Forward: 1

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