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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇urś-
Russian meaning: погрузить, макать
English meaning: to dip, sink
Georgian: q̇urs-
Megrel: 'urš-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): много пить
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to drink a lot
Notes and references: EWK 421.
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇uw-
Russian meaning: выть
English meaning: to howl
Georgian: q̇u(v)-, q̇u-il-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): кричать, выть
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to cry, howl
Svan: q̇ū-l-
Svan meaning (Rus.): кричать, выть
Svan meaning (Eng.): to cry, howl
Notes and references: EWK 419.
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇war-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: любить
English meaning: to love
Georgian: q̇var-
Megrel: 'or-
Svan: q̇ur- / q̇wir- 'copulate;
Laz: q̇or-, 'or-, ḳor-, ōr-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 210, EWK 411. В МССHЯ 347 сравнивается с драв. *kūr_- 'любить'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇webr-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: очаг
English meaning: fireplace
Georgian: q̇werb-, q̇urb-
Megrel: q̇ebur-, ḳebur-, 'ebur-
Laz: o-ḳreb-ule, o-rḳebule
Laz meaning (Rus.): место вокруг очага
Laz meaning (Eng.): area near the fireplace
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 211 (*q̇werb-), EWK 412.
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇wed-
Russian meaning: пpиставлять(ся)
English meaning: to attach
Georgian: q̇ud-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): пpиставлять; q̇udro `тихий, спокойный', saq̇udeli `обитель, пpистанище'
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to attach; q̇udro 'quiet, calm', saq̇udeli 'shelter, tenement'
Megrel: ʕude
Megrel meaning (Rus.): дом
Megrel meaning (Eng.): house
Svan: q̇wed-i
Svan meaning (Rus.): тихий, спокойный, удобный
Svan meaning (Eng.): quiet, calm, comfortable
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 412.
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇wel-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: снимать, сдирать кожу, лущить
English meaning: to peel, skin
Georgian: q̇vl-, q̇vl-ep- / q̇vl-ip-
Svan: q̇w-ep-, q̇w-p-
Notes and references: EWK 413.
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇wel-
Russian meaning: сыр
English meaning: cheese
Georgian: q̇vel-
Megrel: 'wal-
Svan: q̇ēl-
Svan meaning (Rus.): створаживать сыр
Svan meaning (Eng.): to make cottage cheese
Laz: (q̇)wal-, ḳwal-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 210, EWK 405 (производится от *q̇aw-).
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇welp-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: зола (гоpячая)
English meaning: ashes (hot)
Georgian: ɣvelp-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): зола (гоpячая)
Georgian meaning (Engl.): ashes (hot)
Megrel: ɣvelp-
Svan: q̇welp-
Svan meaning (Rus.): зола
Svan meaning (Eng.): ashes
Laz: ɣvamp-o, ɣvampu
Laz meaning (Rus.): копоть, сажа
Laz meaning (Eng.): soot
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 413.
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇went- / q̇wint-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: погружаться
English meaning: to sink
Georgian: q̇vint-
Megrel: 'vint-
Svan: q̇wēnt-, q̇unt-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 211, EWK 413.
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇wenṭ- / q̇unṭ-
Russian meaning: качаться, шататься
English meaning: to sway, stagger
Georgian: q̇unṭ-al-
Megrel: 'vanṭ-
Notes and references: EWK 414.
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇wer-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: testiculi, кастрировать
English meaning: testicles, to castrate
Georgian: q̇ver-
Megrel: 'vaǯ- n., 'var- v.
Svan: q̇ur-naj n., q̇or- v.
Laz: q̇vaǯ-, ḳvaǯ- n., q̇var- v.
Notes and references: EWK 414. В МССHЯ 373 сравнивается с урал. *kō̆le id.
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇wil-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: кость
English meaning: bone
Georgian: q̇vliv-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): плечевая кость
Georgian meaning (Engl.): shoulder bone
Megrel: 'vil-e
Megrel meaning (Rus.): кость, рука
Megrel meaning (Eng.): bone, arm
Laz: q̇vil-, 'il-
Laz meaning (Rus.): кость
Laz meaning (Eng.): bone
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 211-212, EWK 415. Ср. ПИЕ *kaul- 'трубчатая кость', алт. *k`oli 'конечность'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇wiʒ́-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: печень
English meaning: liver
Georgian: ɣviʒ-l-
Megrel: q̇wižil-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): черно-фиолетовый
Megrel meaning (Eng.): dark violet
Svan: q̇wiže, q̇uže
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 211, EWK 415. Климов (1969, 291) усматривает здесь тот же корень, что в груз. q̇vit-el- 'желтый' и сравнивает *qw(i)- с ПЗК *ʁʷa 'желтый' ( < ПСК *=ĕq_wĂ 'желтый', см. NCED 414), что крайне сомнительно. Картв. *q̇wiʒ́- скорее интересно сравнить с ПСК *ḳ_wĭc̣Ĕ 'селезенка; кишки' (NCED 735), а *q̇wit- 'желтый' - с ПИЕ *ḱweit- 'светлый, белый'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *r-
Russian meaning: одолевать
English meaning: to win over
Georgian: r-
Megrel: r-
Notes and references: EWK 276.
Proto-Kartvelian: *r-
Russian meaning: спасать
English meaning: to save
Georgian: r-
Megrel: r-
Notes and references: EWK 276.
Proto-Kartvelian: *rabo
Russian meaning: pов, канава
English meaning: ditch, dike
Georgian: rabo
Megrel: robu
Megrel meaning (Rus.): pов, овpаг
Megrel meaning (Eng.): dike, comb
Laz: ruba, o(r)uba
Notes and references: EWK 277. Климов (1994, 134-135) выводит основу из ПИЕ *ghrābho- (правильнее, видимо, *ghrobho-) 'ров, канава'; неясно, однако, развитие *ghr- > *r-.
Proto-Kartvelian: *rać-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: стлать
English meaning: to lay down
Georgian: rec-
Megrel: rč-
Svan: raš-, rš-
Laz: rč-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 159 (*rć-), EWK 279-280.
Proto-Kartvelian: *racx-
Russian meaning: считать
English meaning: to count
Georgian: racx-; ricxv- 'number'
Megrel: ḳo-rocx-
Laz: ḳo-rocx-, ḳo-recx-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 155, EWK 278-279.
Proto-Kartvelian: *rac̣ḳ- / rc̣ḳ-
Russian meaning: дpебезжать, скpежетать
English meaning: to rasp, chatter
Notes and references: Fähnr 10
Proto-Kartvelian: *ratx- / rtx-
Russian meaning: вытягивать, pазмыкать
English meaning: to stretch, to unclose
Georgian: ratx- / rtx-, rtx-m-
Megrel: (r)tx-, tx-ǝm-, tx-im-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): пpотягивать
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to stretch
Svan: irtxin / ǝrtxin
Svan meaning (Rus.): пядь
Svan meaning (Eng.): five fingers
Laz: ntx-, ntx-im-
Laz meaning (Rus.): вытягивать, pазмыкать
Laz meaning (Eng.): to stretch, unclose
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 156, EWK 277-278.
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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

Pages: 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Back: 1 20
Forward: 1 20

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