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Kartvelian etymology :

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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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\data\kart\kartet
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇el-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: шея
English meaning: neck
Georgian: q̇el-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): шея, горло
Georgian meaning (Engl.): neck, throat
Megrel: 'al-
Svan: (?) mǝ-q̇l-a, mǝ-q̇l-i
Svan meaning (Rus.): шея, горло
Svan meaning (Eng.): neck, throat
Laz: q̇al-, 'al-, al-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 209, EWK 410 (вслед за Schmidt 1962 приводится сван. форма - ср., однако, ПВК *mVq̇_VɫV и андийские формы типа maq̇:ala - не исключено СК происхождение сван. формы). Ср. ПИЕ *kel- 'шея'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇en-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: использовать
English meaning: to use
Georgian: q̇en-
Svan: q̇ēn-
Svan meaning (Rus.): годиться
Svan meaning (Eng.): to suit, fit
Notes and references: EWK 410. Ср. алт. *k`āno 'подходить, match'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇eq̇-
Russian meaning: много есть
English meaning: to eat a lot
Georgian: q̇eq̇-
Megrel: q̇aq̇-
Notes and references: EWK 411.
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇er- / q̇r-
Russian meaning: колебать, сдвигать
English meaning: to rock, to move (tr.)
Georgian: q̇r-
Megrel: 'ar-
Svan: li-q̇er
Svan meaning (Rus.): бить
Svan meaning (Eng.): to hit
Laz: q̇ar-
Laz meaning (Rus.): собирать, бросать
Laz meaning (Eng.): to gather, to throw
Notes and references: Фенрих 1980, 180, EWK 410-411.
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇id-
Russian meaning: пpиобpетать
English meaning: to acquire
Georgian: q̇id-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): покупать
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to buy
Megrel: ʕid-
Laz: q̇ird-, jindr-
Notes and references: Кл
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇in-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: морозить, холодить
English meaning: to freeze, get cold
Georgian: q̇in-
Megrel: 'in-
Svan: (?) q̇gǝn-, q̇ǝgn-
Laz: q̇in-, 'in-, in-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 212, EWK 416. В МССHЯ 371 сравнивается с алт. *k`iŋu 'холод', урал. *k[ɨ]ńV 'мороз', драв. *ki[ṇ]V- 'холодный'. Картв.-драв. сравнение см. также в Бомхард 1996, 221.
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇iw-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: петь (о петухе), кричать
English meaning: to cry (of cock), to shout
Georgian: q̇iv-
Megrel: 'i-
Laz: q̇i-, ḳi-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 212, EWK 415-416.
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇lap'-
Russian meaning: проглатывать
English meaning: to swallow
Georgian: q̇laṗ-
Megrel: q̇uliṗ-
Svan: q̇ǝlṗ-
Notes and references: EWK 417.
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇oq̇o
Russian meaning: буйволенок
English meaning: buffalo calf
Georgian: q̇oq̇o, ɣoɣo
Megrel: ɣoɣo
Notes and references: В [Климов 1994, 151-152] основа восстанавливается как *ɣoɣo и выводится из ПИЕ *ǵhagʷh- 'детеныш, птенец'. Последнее довольно сомнительно, как ввиду крайне малой распространенности основы в индоевропейском, так и ввиду семантических отличий (значение в индоевропейских языках, как правило, "птенец").
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇or-
Russian meaning: каменная стена
English meaning: stone wall
Georgian: q̇or-e
Megrel: 'or-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): строить, ставить каменную стену
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to build, to put up a stone wall
Svan: q̇or
Svan meaning (Rus.): дверь, двор
Svan meaning (Eng.): door, yard
Notes and references: EWK 418.
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇orq̇-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: горло, глотка
English meaning: throat
Georgian: q̇orq̇-
Megrel: q̇orq̇-el-, q̇urq̇-el-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 213, EWK 418-419. Довольно прозрачна связь с ПСК *q̇ăq̇ari / *q̇ăraq̇i 'горло' (NCED 909), см. Климов 1969, 292.
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇owl-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: весь
English meaning: all
Georgian: q̇ovl-, q̇ovel-
Megrel: 'ir-, ir-
Laz: ir-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 213, EWK 418.
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇ow-(n-)
Russian meaning: задерживать(ся)
English meaning: to delay
Georgian: q̇ov-n-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): медлить
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to linger
Laz: q̇o-n-
Laz meaning (Rus.): ждать
Laz meaning (Eng.): to wait
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 213, EWK 417.
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇ua-
Russian meaning: лоб, обух
English meaning: forehead, back of axe
Georgian: q̇ua
Georgian meaning (Rus.): обух, горбушка хлеба
Georgian meaning (Engl.): back of axe, edge of bread
Megrel: 'va
Megrel meaning (Rus.): лоб
Megrel meaning (Eng.): forehead
Svan: q̇ua, q̇uwa
Svan meaning (Rus.): обух
Svan meaning (Eng.): back of axe
Laz: q̇va, ḳva
Laz meaning (Rus.): лоб
Laz meaning (Eng.): forehead
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 213, EWK 419. Заимствование из ИЕ *kowā ( > слав. *kova) 'обух' предполагает Климов (1994, 155-157).
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇uc-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: стоять на задних лапах
English meaning: to stand upon hind feet
Georgian: q̇unc-
Megrel: 'uc-
Notes and references: EWK 421.
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇uq̇-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: садиться
English meaning: to sit down
Georgian: q̇uq̇-
Svan: q̇uq̇-, q̇q̇w-
Notes and references: EWK 421. (Ср. СК).
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇ur-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: ухо
English meaning: ear
Georgian: q̇ur- (q̇r-u 'deaf')
Megrel: 'uǯ- ('ur-u 'stupid')
Laz: q̇uǯ-, 'uǯ-, uǯ-, juǯ-
Laz meaning (Rus.): ухо, слышать
Laz meaning (Eng.): ear, to hear
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 213-214, EWK 420.
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇ur- (*q̇wir-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: выть
English meaning: to howl
Georgian: q̇urq̇ul-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): волчий или собачий вой; q̇wir- 'кричать'
Georgian meaning (Engl.): wolf's or dog's howl; q̇wir- 'to shout'
Megrel: 'ur-
Laz: q̇ur-, 'ur-
Laz meaning (Rus.): кричать, сердиться
Laz meaning (Eng.): to shout, get angry
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 211, EWK 420.
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇urc̣-
Russian meaning: ушко (иглы)
English meaning: ear (of a needle)
Georgian: q̇unc̣-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): ушко (иглы), чеpепок
Georgian meaning (Engl.): ear (of a needle), potsherd
Megrel: q̇urc̣-
Svan: ḳwirc̣ ( < Old Georg. ḳurc̣)
Notes and references: Кл (производное от *q̇ur-?)
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇urs-
Russian meaning: молчать, замолкнуть
English meaning: to be silent, become silent
Georgian: q̇urs- (Kartl., Pshav.)
Megrel: 'urs-
Notes and references: EWK 420-421.
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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

Pages: 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Back: 1 20
Forward: 1 20

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