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Kartvelian etymology :

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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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\data\kart\kartet
Proto-Kartvelian: *qorc-
Russian meaning: мясо
English meaning: meat
Georgian: xorc-, Old Georg. qorc-
Megrel: xorc-
Laz: xorc-, xoc̣-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 266, EWK 566.
Proto-Kartvelian: *qp-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: кусать
English meaning: to bite
Svan: qǝp- / qp-
Notes and references: Иллич-Свитыч (МССHЯ 371) сравнивает основу с ПИЕ *Hap- 'хватать, брать', алт. *abu / *apu id.
Proto-Kartvelian: *qRć̣-
Russian meaning: pазъедать(ся), pазгpызать(ся)
English meaning: to be eaten away, to split/be split
Georgian: xrc̣n-, Old Georg. qrc̣n-, xrc̣n-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): pазлагаться, гнить
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to decay, rot
Megrel: xič̣on, xič̣or
Megrel meaning (Rus.): pазъедать(ся), pазгpызать(ся)
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to be eaten away, to split/be split
Notes and references: Кл
Proto-Kartvelian: *qś-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Georgian: xs-ov- 'to remember' (DG qsov-), xs-en- 'to remind' (DG qsen-)
Megrel: šǝ-, šu- 'to remember', šin- 'to remind'
Laz: šu- 'to remember', šin- 'to remind'
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 267, EWK 568.
Proto-Kartvelian: *qsen-
Russian meaning: молозиво
English meaning: foremilk
Georgian: xsen-, Old Georg. qsen-
Laz: (n)cxon,(m)cxon
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 568.
Proto-Kartvelian: *qur-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: продырявливать
English meaning: to pierce, make a hole
Georgian: xwr-eṭ-, xwr-iṭ-, Old Georg. qwr-eṭ-, qwr-iṭ-; xwr-el-, Old Georg. qwrel- 'hole'
Megrel: rxu-, rxv-, xur-, xvir-; xvir-aṭ-, xvir-iṭ-
Svan: qwīr-, qwr-
Laz: xw-, x-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 265-266, EWK 569. Сопоставление с алт. *UrV 'яма, отверстие', драв. *urV- 'протыкать' см. МССHЯ 357.
Proto-Kartvelian: *qw-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: отбирать, удалять
English meaning: to select, to eliminate
Georgian: Old Georg. qw-, qw-eb-
Laz: (p)xv-, (p)x-up-
Laz meaning (Rus.): выбрасывать, сбрасывать
Laz meaning (Eng.): to throw away, off
Notes and references: EWK 563-564.
Proto-Kartvelian: *qwam-
Russian meaning: святыня
English meaning: sacred object
Megrel: o-xom-al-a
Megrel meaning (Rus.): Kultfest, Heiligtum
Megrel meaning (Eng.): Kultfest, Heiligtum
Svan: qwam-
Svan meaning (Rus.): Heiligtum, ma-qwam Dank
Svan meaning (Eng.): Heiligtum, ma-qwam Dank
Notes and references: EWK 564.
Proto-Kartvelian: *qwaz-
Russian meaning: хлеб, хлебец
English meaning: bread
Georgian: Old Georg. qwez-a
Megrel: xoz-o
Notes and references: EWK 564-565.
Proto-Kartvelian: *qwemil- / qumil-
Russian meaning: стеpечь, встpечать
English meaning: to guard, to meet
Georgian: Old Georg. qumil-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): стеpечь
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to guard
Megrel: xvamil-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): встpечать
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to meet
Notes and references: Кл
Proto-Kartvelian: *qweź-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: кашлять, кашель
English meaning: to cough, cough (n.)
Georgian: xvel-, Old Georg. qwel-
Megrel: xval-
Svan: qweš, qwäš 'cough (n.)', li-qš-un- 'to cough'
Laz: xval-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 265, EWK 565.
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇ab-
Russian meaning: челюсть
English meaning: jaw
Georgian: q̇ba
Svan: ha-q̇b-a (q̇ab 'beard')
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 209, EWK 404. См. Бомхард 1996, 219 (: ПИЕ *ǵebh- 'челюсть'); ср. *ḳaṗ-.
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇al-
Russian meaning: penis
English meaning: penis
Georgian: q̇l-e
Megrel: 'ol-e
Svan: (?) q̇law-
Svan meaning (Rus.): ребенок мужского пола
Svan meaning (Eng.): male child
Laz: q̇ol-e, ḳol-e
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 212, EWK 406. В МССHЯ 372 сравнивается с урал. *koĺV id.
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇am- / q̇m-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: голодать
English meaning: to be hungry
Georgian: si-q̇m-il- 'hunger', mo-m-q̇m-ar- 'hungry'
Megrel: 'um-en-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): жажда, жаждать
Megrel meaning (Eng.): thirst, be thirsty
Svan: q̇m-
Svan meaning (Rus.): голодать
Svan meaning (Eng.): to be hungry
Laz: (q̇)om-in-
Notes and references: EWK 406-407. В МССHЯ 350 сравнивается с ПИЕ *ḱemǝ- 'напряженно трудиться, уставать', алт. *k`īmV 'рвение, пыл, жар', урал. *kɨ̄ma 'время течки, пыл, жар' < ностр. *q̇im[H]V.
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇amal-
Russian meaning: алыча
English meaning: a k. of fruit ("alycha")
Georgian: ṭq̇emal-
Megrel: 'omur-
Laz: q̇omu(r), 'oumur-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 208, EWK 407-408.
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇an-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: нива
English meaning: cornfield
Georgian: q̇ana-
Megrel: 'ona-, 'wana-
Laz: q̇ona, 'ona, jona
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 208, EWK 408. Бомхард (1996, 219) сравнивает с ф.-перм. *kentä 'поле, луг'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇ar- / q̇r-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: смердеть
English meaning: to stink
Georgian: q̇ar-, q̇r-
Megrel: 'or-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 209, EWK 409.
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇ar- / q̇r-
Russian meaning: бросать
English meaning: to throw
Georgian: q̇ar-, q̇r-
Megrel: no-'ur-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): обвал ( = груз. na-q̇ar-)
Megrel meaning (Eng.): landfall (= Georg. na-q̇ar-)
Notes and references: EWK 409.
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇arq̇anṭ-
Russian meaning: глотка, горло
English meaning: throat
Georgian: q̇arq̇anṭ-o
Megrel: q̇orq̇onṭ-
Laz: q̇irq̇inṭ-on-
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 409-410.
Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇aw- / q̇w-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: быть у кого
English meaning: to be at someone's place; to make;
Georgian: q̇av-, q̇v-, q̇-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): делать, быть, иметь; q̇v-an- 'вести'
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to do, be, have; q̇v-an- 'to lead'
Megrel: 'v-, 'u-, '-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): иметь, вести; 'on-, 'un- 'вести'
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to have, to lead; 'on-, 'un- 'to lead'
Svan: q̇a-, q̇w-, q̇-
Svan meaning (Rus.): иметь, наделять
Svan meaning (Eng.): to have, to endow
Laz: q̇ov-, q̇v-, q̇-
Laz meaning (Rus.): делать, иметь, быть; (q̇)on-, 'on-, jon- 'вести'
Laz meaning (Eng.): to have, to do, to be; (q̇)on-, 'on-, jon- 'to lead'
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 208, 209, 210; EWK 404-406.
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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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Back: 1 20
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