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Kartvelian etymology :

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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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\data\kart\kartet
Proto-Kartvelian: *qad- / *qed- / *qd-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: двигать(ся), идти, приходить
English meaning: to move, go, arrive
Georgian: xad-, Old Georg. qad-, qed-, qd-
Megrel: rt-
Svan: qäd-, qed-, qd-
Laz: xt-, t-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 263, EWK 557. Ср. алт. *kēta 'идти, ходить, уходить' (Иллич-Свитыч в МССHЯ 338 сравнивает иначе: с монг. *od-, драв. *āṭṭ- / *āṭV- 'двигаться').
Proto-Kartvelian: *qal-
Russian meaning: бить, разбивать
English meaning: to beat, break
Georgian: Old Georg. qal-, ql-
Svan: qal-, ql-
Notes and references: EWK 558.
Proto-Kartvelian: *qam-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: сохнуть
English meaning: to be dry
Georgian: Old Georg. qem-, qm-
Megrel: xom-, xum-
Laz: xom-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 263, 266, EWK 559-560.
Proto-Kartvelian: *qam- / *qm-
Russian meaning: голос, звать
English meaning: voice, to call
Georgian: Old Georg. qma, qm-
Megrel: xuma / xǝma / xoma; xum-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 266; EWK 559.
Proto-Kartvelian: *qaml-
Russian meaning: шкура (овцы, козы)
English meaning: skin (of goat, sheep)
Georgian: xaml-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): вид обуви (ДГ qaml-)
Georgian meaning (Engl.): a k. of footwear (Old Georg. qaml-)
Megrel: ? xwemur-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): несквозное отверстие
Megrel meaning (Eng.): a non-piercing hole
Svan: qamur, qemǝr
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 263, EWK 560. Ср. ПСК *χʕāmV 'шкура' (NCED 1067; в ПЗК *t-q:amǝ > ПАТ *qamǝ). Связь ПЗК и картв. отмечается в Климов 1969, 290.
Proto-Kartvelian: *qan-
Svan: (U.-Bal.) qan-
Svan meaning (Rus.): обонять, нюхать
Svan meaning (Eng.): to smell, sniff
Notes and references: Эту изолированную сван. основу Иллич-Свитыч (ОСНЯ 1, 261) сравнил с ПИЕ *(H)anǝ- 'дышать'. Возможно, однако, альтернативное сближение с алт. *k`ioŋa 'нос, нюхать'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *qan- / *qn-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: пахать
English meaning: to plough
Georgian: xan-, xn-, Old Georg. qan-, qn-
Megrel: xon-
Svan: qan-, qn-
Laz: xon-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 263-264, EWK 560-561.
Proto-Kartvelian: *qar-
Russian meaning: бык
English meaning: bull
Georgian: xar-, Old Georg. qar-
Megrel: xoǯ-
Laz: xoǯ-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 264, EWK 561.
Proto-Kartvelian: *qarq- (?/*qorq-)
Russian meaning: зев
English meaning: pharynx
Georgian: xa(r)xa-, Old Georg. qaqa; xorx-, Old Georg. qorq-
Megrel: xorxoṭa
Megrel meaning (Rus.): глотка; xurx- 'шея, горло'
Megrel meaning (Eng.): throat; xurx- 'neck, throat'
Svan: qarq, qerq
Laz: xurx-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 261 (*xorx-), 264 (*qarqa-), EWK 561 (*qarq-), 566-567 (*qorq-). В ОСНЯ 1, 235-236 сравнивается с ПИЕ *gʷerǝ- 'глотать', урал. *kurkV 'глотка', драв. *kurV 'глотка, горло' < ностр. *gurV; ср. еще алт. *k`iurgo 'живот, есть' (но также *gurgi 'небо').
Proto-Kartvelian: *qas- / *qs-
Russian meaning: смыкать(ся), соединять(ся)
English meaning: to join, link
Georgian: xs-, xš-, Old Georg. qs-, qš-, qas-
Megrel: (r)sx-, (r)cx-
Laz: (m)cx-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 267, EWK 562.
Proto-Kartvelian: *qć-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: седина
English meaning: grey hair
Georgian: (m)xce-, Old Georg. mqce 'grey hair, grey-haired'
Megrel: č-e 'white', rč- 'to whiten, to be white'
Laz: (k)če-, xče-, čke-
Laz meaning (Rus.): белый
Laz meaning (Eng.): white
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 267-268, EWK 569-570.
Proto-Kartvelian: *qeć- / qć-
Russian meaning: дpать, теpзать
English meaning: to tear, rip
Georgian: Old Georg. m-qec-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): зверь; др.-груз. qoc- 'убивать'
Georgian meaning (Engl.): beast; Old Georg. qoc- 'to kill'
Megrel: xič-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): дpаться, сноситься
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to fight, to have relations with
Svan: qeč- /qč-
Notes and references: Кл. В EWK 563, 566 груз. форма сравнивается со сван. qec-, qc- 'портить, уничтожать', с реконструкцией *qec-, а для мегр. и сван. восстанавливается *qić-.
Proto-Kartvelian: *qeč-
Russian meaning: рубить, колоть
English meaning: to hack, pierce
Georgian: xeč- / čex-
Megrel: xačk-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): мотыжить, полоть, сеять
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to hoe, to weed, to sow
Laz: xačk-, xašk-
Laz meaning (Rus.): мотыжить, копать
Laz meaning (Eng.): to hoe, to dig
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 264-265.
Proto-Kartvelian: *qel-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: рука
English meaning: hand
Georgian: xel-, Old Georg. qel-
Megrel: xe 'hand', xu 'Handvoll'
Svan: qäl
Svan meaning (Rus.): zwei Armlängen
Svan meaning (Eng.): zwei Armlängen
Laz: xe
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 264 (*qe-), EWK 562-563. Основа обнаруживает параллели как в ностратических языках (ПИЕ *el- 'рука, локоть'), так и в северно-кавказских (ср. ПВК *q_ɨ̆lʔi 'локоть; рука, крыло' (NCED 895-896) или *q̇_wǟɫʔV̆ 'рука, пазуха' (NCED 933-934) (с ЗК рефлексами последнего картвельский корень сравнивается в Климов 1969, 289).
Proto-Kartvelian: *qew-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: ущелье, балка, овраг
English meaning: ravine
Georgian: Old Georg. qev-
Megrel: xab-o
Svan: qew ( < Georg.?)
Notes and references: EWK 562.
Proto-Kartvelian: *qid-
Russian meaning: мост
English meaning: bridge
Georgian: xid-, Old Georg. qid-
Megrel: xinǯ-
Laz: xinǯ-
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 565-566.
Proto-Kartvelian: *qoc-
Russian meaning: стирать, чистить
English meaning: to wash, clean
Georgian: Old Georg. qoc-
Laz: xos- (contaminated with kos- id.)
Notes and references: EWK 567.
Proto-Kartvelian: *qom-
Russian meaning: нарост
English meaning: excrescence
Georgian: Tush. qom- 'Auswuchs, Ueberbein'
Svan: qwem 'penis', qem / qom 'Endstück'
Notes and references: EWK 566.
Proto-Kartvelian: *qoq-
Russian meaning: ползти
English meaning: to creep
Georgian: xox-, Old Georg. qoq-
Megrel: xox-
Svan: xox- ( < Georg.)
Laz: xox-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 261 (*xox-), EWK 567. Ср. ПСК *HVq_(w)Ă 'ползти' (NCED 615-616; редуплицированные формы налицо в абаз. -ħʷħʷa- 'тащить', убых. χIʷǝχIʷ- 'ползти').
Proto-Kartvelian: *qoqob-
Russian meaning: фазан
English meaning: pheasant
Georgian: xoxob-, Old Georg. qoqob-
Svan: qoqweb-
Notes and references: Кл. Ср. *ḳaḳab- 'куропатка' и приводимые там СК формы.
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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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