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Kartvelian etymology :

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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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Proto-Kartvelian: *pxoṭ-
Russian meaning: разрывать (землю)
English meaning: to dig (earth)
Georgian: pxoṭ-n-
Svan: pxṭ-, pxǝṭ-
Notes and references: EWK 368.
Proto-Kartvelian: *pxuć̣-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: собирать складками, морщить
English meaning: to fold, to wrinkle
Georgian: pxuc̣-
Megrel: xuč̣-
Notes and references: EWK 368.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṗaɣw-
Russian meaning: выступающая часть тела (горб, пузо)
English meaning: protruding part of body (hump, belly)
Georgian: ṗaɣv-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): пузо
Georgian meaning (Engl.): belly
Megrel: ṗuɣu, ṗuxu
Megrel meaning (Rus.): горб
Megrel meaning (Eng.): hump
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 272.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṗaṗ-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: дед
English meaning: grandfather
Georgian: ṗaṗ-, ṗaṗa
Megrel: ṗaṗu
Laz: ṗaṗul-, ṗaṗu
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 152, EWK 271. Детское слово.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṗeč̣-
Russian meaning: мигать, моpгать
English meaning: to blink, wink
Georgian: ṗač-un- < *ṗeč̣- (cf. ṭax-un- < ṭex-)
Megrel: ṗač̣ḳ(v)-
Notes and references: Кл
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṗenṭ-
Russian meaning: взбивать, выбивать, трепать шерсть
English meaning: to churn, beat out, to comb wool
Georgian: ṗenṭ-
Megrel: ṗinṭ-
Svan: ṗēnṭ-
Laz: ṗinṭ-
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 272.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṗer-
Russian meaning: пена
English meaning: foam
Georgian: ṗer-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): пена (из пасти животных)
Georgian meaning (Engl.): foam (in animal's mouth)
Megrel: ? ṗerož- / žweṗur-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): пена
Megrel meaning (Eng.): foam
Svan: ṗēr-
Svan meaning (Rus.): пена (из пасти животных)
Svan meaning (Eng.): foam (in animal's mouth)
Laz: zoɣa-ṗaǯ-
Laz meaning (Rus.): пемза
Laz meaning (Eng.): pumice
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 152, EWK 272-273.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṗerc̣ḳ- / ṗRc̣ḳ-
Russian meaning: тpескаться, pасщеплять
English meaning: to split, crack
Georgian: na-ṗerc̣k-al-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): отщеп, осколок
Georgian meaning (Engl.): a crack, a split
Laz: no-ṗinc̣ḳale
Laz meaning (Rus.): отщеп, осколок
Laz meaning (Eng.): a crack, a split
Notes and references: Доп., Кл.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṗerṗer- (/*perpel-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: бабочка
English meaning: butterfly
Georgian: ṗeṗel-
Megrel: parpal(ia)-, papralia-
Svan: ṗärṗold, ṗärṗänd
Laz: parpal-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 153, EWK 273. Экспрессивная редуплицированная основа (ср. ПВК *părVpăɫV, слав. *perperъka etc.).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṗew-
Russian meaning: находить, обpетать
English meaning: to find, acquire
Georgian: ṗov-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): находить, пpиобpетать
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to find, acquire
Megrel: ṗa-l-
Notes and references: Кл; Cf. *ṭew-; *xwew-.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṗilenʒ-
Russian meaning: медь
English meaning: copper
Georgian: sṗilenʒ-
Megrel: linǯ-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 153. Повидимому, семитизм (ср. араб. filiẓ 'металл, белая медь'); выведение из ПИЕ *(s)plend- 'сверкать' (Климов 1994, 133) сомнительно как семантически (корень не выражает значения "металл" ни в одном из языков-потомков), так и фонетически (*-d > -ʒ?).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṗir-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: край
English meaning: edge
Georgian: ṗir-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): рот, лицо, край
Georgian meaning (Engl.): mouth, face, edge
Megrel: ṗiǯ-
Svan: ṗil-, bil-
Laz: ṗiǯ-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 153, EWK 273-274. В МССНЯ 345 сравнивается с алт. *p`eri 'нижний край', урал. *perä 'край', драв. *pir_ 'задний край' < ностр. *ṗerV.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṗir-
Russian meaning: отбивать косу
English meaning: to whet the scythe
Georgian: ṗir-
Megrel: ṗir-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 154, EWK 273. Считается производным от *ṗir- 'край'; однако Иллич-Свитыч (МССНЯ 330) сопоставляет (как отдельный корень) с ПИЕ *per-, *perg- 'бить, резать' < ностр. *ṗVrV.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṗir-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: to like, wish
Georgian: ṗrian- 'belieben, wünschen'
Megrel: ṗian- 'like, wish'
Svan: -ṗīr- 'intend to, like, wish'
Notes and references: ND 1765.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṗirw-
Russian meaning: первый, передний
English meaning: first, foremost
Georgian: ṗirv-el-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): первый; др.-груз. ṗir-mšo- ( < *ṗirv-mšo-) 'первородный'
Georgian meaning (Engl.): first; Old Georg. ṗir-mšo- (< *ṗirv-mšo-) 'firstborn'
Megrel: ṗrivel- ( < Georg.?)
Megrel meaning (Rus.): первый
Megrel meaning (Eng.): first
Notes and references: Климов (1994, 188) считает заимствованием из индоевропейского *pr̥̄u̯o-. Не исключено, однако, родство на ностратическом уровне: ср. еще алт. *biri 'один', драв. *ver_- 'только, один'. В картв. и ИЕ вероятна контаминация с другим корнем, ностр. *ṗirV 'край'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṗox-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: жир
English meaning: fat
Georgian: ṗox- 'to fatten', ṗox-il- 'fat'
Svan: ṗox-il
Svan meaning (Rus.): свиной жир
Svan meaning (Eng.): pork fat
Notes and references: EWK 274. Ср. ПИЕ *peiǝ- 'жирный' (IEW 793).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṗRṭq̇el
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: плоский
English meaning: flat
Georgian: brṭq̇el-, ṗrṭq̇el-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): плоский
Georgian meaning (Engl.): flat
Megrel: birṭq̇a
Megrel meaning (Rus.): плоский (и окpуглый); li-ṗarṭq̇ia плоский
Megrel meaning (Eng.): flat and round; li-ṗarṭq̇ia 'flat'
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 62-63. G dial. ṗṭq̇el, ṭq̇rṗel-. Интересно формальное тождество с ПИЕ *plH-tu- 'широкий, плоский'. ПИЕ *pelH- в МССНЯ 372 сопоставляется с алт. *pilä- 'равнина, открытая местность' < ПН *ṗilV. Следует скорее привлекать алт. *p`āla 'равнина' и восстанавливать ПН *p`alHV, *p`alHV-tV. Заметим, что в картвельских языках имеется еще основа *parto- 'широкий' (груз., мегр., лаз.), скорее всего, заимствованная из индоиранского (см. Климов 1994, 196 с литературой).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṗruć̣-
Russian meaning: издавать звук (губами)
English meaning: to make a sound (with the lips)
Georgian: ṗruc̣-un-
Megrel: ṗurč̣-in-, burč̣-in-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 154, EWK 274.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṗu-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: рубить, сечь
English meaning: to cut, hack
Georgian: ṗ-
Svan: nā-ṗu
Svan meaning (Rus.): кусок
Svan meaning (Eng.): piece
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 154, EWK 274. В МССНЯ 362 сравнивается с ПИЕ *pewǝ- 'резать, бить', алт. *piubu 'точить, пилить'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṗuṭ-wn-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: щипать (птицу)
English meaning: to pluck (fowl)
Georgian: ṗuṭ(n)-
Megrel: ṗuṭon-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 154.
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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

Pages: 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Back: 1 20
Forward: 1 20

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